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“At the Gym” by Mark Doty Essay Sample. In the poem “At the english minor Gym” Mark Doty is giving a description of a person at the gym that is about to lift weights. The description uses terms that can be commonly used in describing the gym environment to give a deeper meaning to the life that we lead as human beings. The metaphors that are used to relay the message are a salt-stain spot, the vinyl bench, the weights being lifted, and the actual gym. Taking a closer look at the meaning of the poem can provide insight on our own life as to why we lead the life we lead. What is the competition true meaning on why we do things?
Do we do things to be righteous or unselfish? Or is it that we do things to prove arrogance and selfishness? I believe the english writing author, Mark Doty, is asking the simple question “Why is essays for small children it that you live the way you do and english what legacy will you leave behind? Imagine yourself at the gym, everyone there with the same objective, to improve the way they look. This can be thought of in one simple word, vanity. Mark Doty used metaphors to give this concept a deeper meaning. As we prepare to start our workout, we look at the vinyl bench and notice a “salt-stained spot” (1). This salt-stain is dried up sweat left from the person that used the bench before us.
It symbolizes the teacher of the year essays struggle and work that was put in by the previous users and soon to english creative minor, be added by you. Why were these people working so hard and foundation essay why am I getting ready to do the same? The next passage says “lay down their heads, back to the bench, and hoist nothing that need be lifted” (3-6). This obviously is talking about creative writing ucf, lifting the weights, metaphorically speaking, is talking about completing unnecessary tasks. The tasks are burdens that are brought on research, by our selves not once, but over and over again expressed in gym terms as “more reps, more weight” (8-9). The action of lifting the weights can be seen as burdens that we as humans must overcome and put forth strenuous effort to creative writing ucf, pursue our goals. The vinyl bench represents two purposes; it is our support system and our life imprint.
Before we lift the weights we notice the salt-stain left by other people. This is their imprint that they have left behind, and it is this imprint where we put our faith and belief that we can achieve the same. We use this imprint of term another person not as our physical support but as our mental and emotional support. We prepare, sit, press the weight, and sweat. From our efforts, the english creative writing minor ucf sweat soaks our clothing causing “shroud-stains’ that are soaked into the cloth of the bench for sample, everyone around us to see (12-13). This seems to english creative ucf, be a painful effort for research paper, most to accomplish what everyone else is hoping to acquire. We get up hot with sweat consuming us physically releasing heat into english writing minor ucf, the atmosphere surrounding us (20-23). But what is the description parenting heat and what does it represent?
It can be defined as our ego and the false accomplishments that we are blinded with. It does not have meaning or purpose other than wallowing about our self centered intentions as if they were good deeds. We get up with an understanding that what we have done was noble and that it will be remembered by everyone. When in creative minor actuality everything that we just worked for did not need to be done and was in fact done in vain. Vanity overcomes us, even though we know it is wrong and selfish, we go to a familiar place were we are with others that are just like us. This is our safe house where no one will place judgment on our own lifestyles and sample cna resume our choices we make in life. This provides encouragement to us to do what we want and not on what needs to be done. “Though there’s something more tender, beneath our vanity, (28-29). Vanity is english writing used to express the vain pursuit of the term paper delivered only perfect physique that we seek.
The gym is a metaphor for something that is english creative minor much broader that just a building with treadmills, equipment, and people. It represents the world we live in and the things that we can be influenced by. The gym can also be seen as our moral position as human beings wiles the sweat represents the pain and agony There is nothing wrong with having the desire to term paper online, be remembered or wanting to leave a legacy behind. English Minor? Mark Doty uses the word “stain” twice to describe what imprint we have left and what imprint we will leave. Doty is asking us to live a life that is worth living and do the things that have meaning and purpose. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and sample order “At the Gym” by english minor ucf Mark Doty. Research Paper? essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed!
Relevant essay suggestions for “At the Gym” by english ucf Mark Doty. So is description essay on good parenting it possible to argue that the opening statement of the novel self-reflexively suggests Joe’s unreliability as our narrator- despite the fact that he is striving for objectivity and#8230; #8221;Huckleberry Finn#8221; by Mark Twain. It has come to my attention that the book Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain is english writing being challenged at description essay on good parenting, our school. I can think of many reasons why this book should#8230; #8221;The Damned Human Race#8221; By Mark Twain. The essay the damned human race has been written by Mark Twain. In this essay Mark Twain uses satire, most notably sarcasm, to show that the writing ucf world is more downhill#8230; #8220;The Lowest Animal#8221; by Mark Twain.
The essay, #8220;The Lowest Animal#8221; by Mark Twain fairly sarcastic although it still makes the reader really think about what he#8217;s saying. Throughout the essay, Twain makes several well thought#8230; “Two Views of the Mississippi By Mark Twain” At this beautifully written article, Mark Twain has compared two different views of description essay on good parenting a person about the creative ucf same subject. The subject in mla quote research this article is the Mississippi River as a#8230; The Use of Irony in #8220;Advice to Youth#8221; by Mark Twain.
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Section 56:Business Customer Options. All references to BT Business One Plan apply equally to BT Business One Plan Plus unless otherwise stated. Changes to the Reward eligibility have been made - please refer to “Benefits of english minor BT Business One Plan” below. Please also see Special Notice 07/13 Withdrawal of End of texas teacher year essays Contract Period Credit, Reward Credit Reward payments . Special Offers appear in the Special Notices section of this BT Price List. These Special Notices include information about the terms and conditions (including the charges) applicable to creative minor, the Special Offer. Customers requesting BT Business One Plan up to and including 29th June 2007 may benefit from for small children, a cap on their mobile calls (where mobile is one of the qualifying services) under the terms of a Special Offer. Details can be found at the Special Offer link above. Where customers take the Special Offer, the Minimum Period and Minimum Term for the Mobile Qualifying Service referenced under Eligible and Contributory Spend must be 24 months. “Subsequent Contract” means a Contract (either a Rollover or Non Rollover Contract) dated on creative ucf, or after the 20th August 2012 which replaces a Contract for BT Business One Plan (either a Rollover or Non Rollover Contract) dated before the 20th August 2012 (the “Original Contract”) and which is for the same BT Business One Plan option and includes the same Commitment Period and Nominal Committed Spend as those applicable to the Original Contract. All other definitions are detailed in the standard terms and conditions for BT Business One Plan which can be found at : BT Business One Plan is a converged pricing package which enables customers to consolidate mobile calls in texas of the order to english creative, benefit from capped calls on sample cna resume, fixed and writing minor ucf mobile services dependent upon year which options the Customer takes.
BT’s Standard Terms and Conditions apply including a 24 month Commitment Period. Creative Writing? Improved fixed PST call prices are available through a tiered commitment structure (as detailed below). BT Business One Plan is for term delivered online only the Customer's own use and must not be resold or otherwise transferred. BT Business One Plan is available to all business customers provided that they: a) Commit to an annual Committed Spend within one of the spend bands (which are referred to as Tiers) listed below. b) Have contracts with BT for at english minor, least one of the services listed in the Access column and essay a minimum of one other service from writing minor, either the Broadband column or from the Mobile column (the `Qualifying Services'). c) retain an Access Qualifying Service. BT Business Total Broadband Products- see note 3. BT Business Mobile see Note 4. BT Business PSTN Access Line - See Note 1. BT Business Total Broadband Option 1.
BT Business Mobile service taken with any of the sample following services or tariffs: BT Business Standard. Business Circle VPN. Business Circle IA. Business Circle Fixed Link.
Business Circle Complete VPN. Business Circle Complete IA. Business Circle Complete NI. BT Talk Time Sharer (previously known as Talk Time)- see note 5. BT Talk Time Solo. Blackberry Internet Service (BIS)
Blackberry Enterprise Server (BES) Blackberry Professional Service (BPS) BES Express - Managed Service. Business Highway - See Note 2. BT Business Total Broadband Option 2. BT Office Anywhere.
BT Mobile Direct (Low, Medium and High) for contracts signed prior to 1st April 2008. English Creative Writing Minor Ucf? Not now available for new supply. ISDN-ISDN 2e, ISDN2, ISDN30 - See Notes 1 2. BT Business Total Broadband Option 3. BT Business Mobile Broadband - see note 6. BT Business Broadband Network. BT Business Broadband Network Premium. BT Business Mobile SIM Only. BT Business Mobile Solo.
BT Business Mobile Sharer. BT Business Mobile Flex. BT Business Mobile Extras. BT Business Broadband Advanced (SDSL) BT Infinity for for small business Option 1 (Advance Advance Support) BT Infinity for business Option 2 (Advance Advance Support) BT Infinity for business - Advance Support (Option 3) BT Infinity for business - Option 4 Advance Support (unlimited usage) BT Business Total Broadband Fibre.
BT Business Total Broadband Fibre Plus. BT Business Total Broadband Office. BT Business Total Broadband Office Unlimited. BT Business Total Broadband Advance Support (Up to 15m) BT Business Total Broadband Advance Support (Fibre) Note 1 - BT Business PSTN (including BT Business Value PSTN and BT Business Critical PSTN) and ISDN lines (including ISDN2e, ISDN2 and english ucf ISDN30) provided under a Contract to cna resume, which Standard Charges apply*. English Writing Minor Ucf? Lines provided under contracts where charges other than Published Charges apply are not Qualifying Services. Sample Cna Resume? Business PSTN will not be an Access Qualifying Service where it is taken as part of a Business Broadband calls and lines package. Note 2 - ISDN and english creative writing minor Business Highway cannot be provided over the same access as Broadband.
Note 3 - BT Business Total Broadband products to essays for small children, which standard terms and conditions (including the charges) apply*. BT Business Total Broadband products will not be a Broadband Qualifying Service where they are taken as part of a Business Broadband calls and lines package. Note 4 - Mobile Qualifying Services. (i) Where the customer is including more than one Mobile Qualifying Service in BT Business One Plan, all of the english writing ucf Mobile Qualifying Services must be within the same eligibility category (which means either Eligible Contributory Spend or Non-Eligible Contributory Spend) as detailed in Eligible Contributory Spend paragraph 2 (b) below. For example a customer cannot include a Mobile Qualifying Service where the spend is Eligible Contributory Spend and a Mobile Qualifying Service where the goi peace essay spend is Non-Eligible Contributory Spend. The eligibility category that will be applied to writing, all the Mobile Qualifying Services within the customer's BT Business One Plan is the essays children eligibility category relevant to whichever Mobile Qualifying Service was first included within the customer's Business One Plan.
(ii) Please see notes below under Eligible Contributory Spend regarding re-sign of contracts for Mobile Services. Note 5 - Mobile Qualifying Services. BT Talk Time Sharer contracts signed before 12th March 2007are not compatible with BT Business One Plan and the spend will be neither Eligible Contributory Spend nor Non-Eligible Contributory Spend. Note 6 - BT Business Mobile Broadband will be included as a Qualifying Service from the 20th October 2008. Call and Rental Spend on BT Business Mobile Broadband from that date can be included as Eligible Contributory Spend or Non-Eligible Contributory Spend, as detailed in minor this BT Price List Entry within BT Business One Plan. BT Business Mobile Broadband when provided with BT Business Mobile Broadband Special Offer, Free BT Business Mobile Broadband with Option 3 and Option 3 with Inclusive Mobile Broadband is not a Qualifying Service within BT Business One Plan. Termination of Qualifying Service. Where the ending or modification of a Standard Contract causes a Qualifying Service to be withdrawn from the Inventory and as a result: (a) there is year essays, no longer an Access Qualifying Service in the Inventory, the BT Business One Plan Contract will end immediately and writing BT will apply the reconciliation charges set out below; or. (b) the essays for small children customer retains an Access Qualifying Service but the number of Qualifying Services is reduced, the BT Business One Plan contract will continue until the next Spend Measurement Date. If on the next Spend Measurement Date the english creative writing minor ucf Total Contributory Spend is less than the Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend, BT will apply the reconciliation charges set out below as appropriate and may also end the essays for small BT Business One Plan contract.
The Customer must commit to english creative ucf, a Committed Spend per annum within one of the texas year essays Tiers below (which are exclusive of VAT). The stated minimum for each Tier is the Nominal Committed Spend. The Customer will benefit from: The call Prices shown in the tables at the end of this Part which are dependent upon the Tier within which the Committed Spend lies; and. Non Rollover Contracts * Minimum Committed Spend Per Annum. Maximum Committed Spend Per Annum. *These are contracts which will not rollover to a Subsequent Commitment Period. At the end of the Commitment Period the following will not apply: (a) A Subsequent Commitment Period; (b) The Committed Spend and associated reconciliation charges (for the avoidance of doubt any reconciliation charges due for the Commitment Period will apply). Contracts dated before the 20th August 2012 - these Contracts include a Reward details of which are set out below under “Benefits of BT Business One Plan”. Rollover Contracts are not available to customers who have 10 or less employees.
Minimum Committed Spend Per Annum. Maximum Committed Spend Per Annum. **These are contracts which will rollover to a Subsequent Commitment Period (to which the Committed Spend will apply) upon expiry of english creative a Commitment Period or a Subsequent Commitment Period unless the Customer ends the mla quote paper Contract between the english ucf sixth day before the end of a Commitment Period or Subsequent Commitment Period and the 28th day after the end of a Commitment Period or a Subsequent Commitment Period. Contracts dated before the 20th August 2012 - these Contracts include a Reward details of which are set out for small children below under “Benefits of BT Business One Plan”. The Customer is responsible for identifying the lines and writing services which are to be included within their BT Business One Plan. Term Only? The Customer must therefore ensure that all services and lines are clearly identified on english writing ucf, the order form (or provided to goi peace essay competition, BT by any other means where no order form is creative writing, completed) and advise BT of any omissions or changes as soon as possible. Term Paper Online? Failure to english creative, do so may: 1. Delay acceptance and activation of the term paper delivered only Customer's order for writing ucf BT Business One Plan which may delay the application of the benefits provided under BT Business One Plan;
2. Impact on the Customer's ability to meet the mla quote research paper Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend in which case a reconciliation charge will apply. Eligible Contributory Spend includes the following: 1) Rental and english creative writing minor call spend (excluding VAT) on the Access and Broadband Qualifying Services. Note: Eligible Contributory Spend includes any calls made within any inclusive call allowance within the Qualifying Service and description essay on good parenting any calls in excess of the english writing minor ucf inclusive call allowance. Note: Featureline Corporate call spend - call spend on teacher year essays, Featureline Corporate Option A and call spend charged at anything other than standard published charges is not Eligible Contributory Spend within BT Business One Plan. 2) Rental and call spend (excluding VAT) on the Mobile Qualifying Services. a) Subject to (b) below, in minor order for spend under a Mobile Qualifying Service to be Eligible Contributory Spend the Customer must sign a new mobile contract for essays for small the Mobile Qualifying Service with a new Minimum Period and a new Minimum Term. Where an existing customer does not wish to sign a new contract, the spend on the Mobile Qualifying Service will be Non-Eligible Contributory Spend. (b) Please note that where the tariff included within the Mobile Qualifying Service has been tailored using Mobile Selector Customers will be advised at the time they apply for BT Business One Plan whether the rental and call spend on these services is ucf, Eligible Contributory Spend or Non Eligible Contributory Spend and whether or not signature of a new Mobile contract is texas of the, appropriate. (c) BT Talk Time Sharer contracts signed before 12th March 2007are not compatible with BT Business One Plan and english creative writing ucf the spend will be neither Eligible Contributory Spend or Non-Eligible Contributory Spend. (d) Call and essays children Rental Spend on BT Talk Time Solo where the Customer has taken the writing minor ucf option listed as Monthly Subscription Charges and UK Voice Extra under the paragraph Benefits of delivered only BT Business One Plan below, will not be eligible for any Reward and english minor will not contribute to achievement of the Committed Spend it is sample, therefore not Eligible Contributory Spend or Non-Eligible Contributory Spend. 3) Any additional spend on rental subscription charges on: (a) BT Office Anywhere (excluding BT WiFi usage); (b) Blackberry Enterprise Server (BES), Blackberry Internet Service (BIS), BES Express - Managed Service; (c) the 100MB UK Data Extra option (previously known as the english minor 100MB data Option); (d) the 3GB UK Data Extra option (previously known as the 3GB data option); (e) the User 3000 Text Extra option available with BT Talk Time Sharer (previously known as the User Unlimited Text Extra option and the Unlimited SMS option); (f) the UK Voice Extra option (previously known as the mla quote research Unlimited UK Voice Extra option) and UK Landline Voice Extra option (previously known as the Unlimited Calls Bundle and Unlimited Landline Calls) and the SMS Allowance (previously known as the Unlimited SMS Allowance) available with BT Talk Time Solo; (g) the english writing 500MB UK Data Extra option; (h) the 1GB UK Data Extra option; (i) the Account 3000 SMS Text Extra option (previously known as the goi peace foundation essay competition Account Unlimited SMS Text Extra option); (j) the User 3000 Text Extra option (previously known as the creative minor ucf User Unlimited Text Extra option); (k) the Helplines Voice Extra option; (l) the essay Europe Roamer Voice Extra option; (m) the Talk Time Sharer Value Extra option; (n) the EU Roaming Data Extra Optional Extra (as detailed in Section 10 Part 7 ) where it is ordered at the same time as the Contract for the Mobile Qualifying Service. Note: Where an EU Roaming Data Extra Optional Extra is added to an existing Contract for a Mobile Qualifying Service, spend on english creative writing minor, EU Roaming Data Extra will not be Eligible Contributory Spend or Non-Eligible Contributory Spend.
4) Call and rental spend (excluding BT WiFi usage in excess of the inclusive allowance) on BT Business Mobile Broadband when provided with the description essay on good parenting BT Business Mobile Broadband Special Offer , Free BT Business Mobile Broadband with Option 3 and english ucf Option 3 with Inclusive Mobile Broadband. 5) Spend (excluding VAT) on: BT Internet Security Pack BT Internet Business Pack BT Business Email Plus (BT Business Email Plus Organise, BT Business Email Plus Organise Share, BT Business Email Plus Additional Storage) BT IT Support Manager (BT IT Manager PC, BT IT Support Manager Server, BT IT Support Network Manager) BT Static IP (BT Single Static IP, BT 5 Static IP, BT 13 Static IP) BT Business VoIP Services: (i) rental and call spend on lines within the customer's One Plan inventory at paper online only, standard published prices for Business Broadband Voice and BT Office Communicator. (ii) rental and call spend on lines within the customer's One Plan inventory at standard published prices for BT Hosted VoIP. (iii) BT IP Trunk - access and call spend (iv) BT SIP Trunk - access and call spend. Note: Some Business VoIP call types will not be charged at BT Business One Plan rates under certain circumstances - please see Section 56 Part 18 for details. 6) Maintenance Spend (excluding VAT) on or after the 21st January 2008 on those switches listed at www.bt.com/oneplan , or any other online address that BT may advise the Customer, where that spend is incurred under a contract with BT for maintenance of those switches. 7) BT MeetMe (UK and english creative writing Global) bridge access spend, Inbound Outbound MeetMe call charges (excluding VAT) billed at least one month prior to mla quote research, the Spend Measurement Date.
Note: Eligible Contributory Spend includes any calls made within any inclusive call allowance within the Qualifying Service and any calls in excess of the inclusive call allowance. 1) Rental and english writing ucf call spend (excluding VAT) on Mobile Qualifying Services which does not qualify as Eligible Contributory Spend under 1 above, with the exception of Call and Rental Spend on BT Talk Time Solo where the texas teacher essays Customer has taken the english writing ucf option listed as Monthly Subscription Charges and texas teacher of the year essays UK Voice Extra under the paragraph Benefits of english creative writing minor ucf BT Business One Plan below, which will not be eligible for any Reward and will not count towards achievement of the Committed Spend. Note: Where an EU Roaming Data Extra Optional Extra is texas teacher, added to english writing minor, an existing Contract for a Mobile Qualifying Service, spend on EU Roaming Data Extra will not be Eligible Contributory Spend or Non-Eligible Contributory Spend. Note: BT WiFi usage: (a) on term paper delivered only, BT Office Anywhere; and. (b) in english ucf excess of the inclusive allowances on of the year essays, BT Business Mobile Broadband under BT Business Mobile Broadband Special Offer, Free BT Business Mobile Broadband with Option 3 and Option 3 with Inclusive Mobile Broadband, is neither Eligible Contributory Spend nor Non-Eligible Contributory Spend.
Note: BT Talk Time Sharer contracts signed before 12th March 2007are not compatible with BT Business One Plan and the spend will be neither Eligible Contributory Spend nor Non-Eligible Contributory Spend. 2) Call Centre Advance Spend will contribute towards the english creative writing minor ucf Non-Eligible Contributory Spend for contracts with a Committed Spend of ?5000.00 (exc VAT) per annum and description essay parenting above. The terms and minor ucf conditions of Call Centre Advance are set out at sample, Section 56 Part 19 Subpart 1 . The Contract between BT and the Customer for english minor ucf Call Centre Advance will be a Standard Contract for the purposes of essays children BT Business One Plan. 3) IDC Call Charges made using the International Direct Connect product will contribute towards the Non-Eligible Contributory Spend. Note - Where the Customer's calls and / or rental spend is creative minor ucf, included in another calls and / or line package, that call and rental spend will not contribute to the Customer's Eligible and Contributory and/or Non Eligible and Contributory Spend. 4) Featureline Corporate call spend - call spend on Featureline Corporate Option A and call spend charged at anything other than standard published charges is not Non-Eligible Contributory Spend within BT Business One Plan. Mobile Subscription Charges. For BT Business One Plan Customers who order a new Mobile contract for BT Talk Time Sharer on of the year essays, or after 2nd July 2012: (a) the BT Talk Time Sharer Monthly Subscription Charge for each Secondary Connection will be reduced by ?2.00 per month (excluding VAT); and. (b) where the writing ucf Customer takes the UK Landline Voice Extra option, the additional Monthly Subscription charge per paper, Connection for that option will be reduced by ?3.00 per month. If the Customer’s contract for BT Business One Plan is terminated then the discounts stated in (a) and english writing minor (b) above will no longer apply and the customer will be charged in accordance with the Standard Contract for BT Talk Time Sharer. For BT Business One Plan Customers who order a new Mobile contract for BT Business Mobile Sharer: (a) the BT Business Mobile Sharer Monthly Subscription Charge for each Secondary Connection will be reduced by ?2.00 per month (excluding VAT); and.
(b) where the Customer takes the UK Voice Landline Extra, the additional Monthly Subscription charge per Connection for that Extra will be reduced by ?3.00 per month. If the Customer's contract for BT Business One Plan is goi peace foundation, terminated then the discounts stated in (a) and (b) above will no longer apply and the customer will be charged in accordance with the Standard Contract for BT Business Mobile Sharer. For BT Business One Plan customers who order a new BT Mobile contract with a 24 month Minimum Term for BT Talk Time Sharer, Business Circle Complete VPN and/or Business Circle Complete IA as one of the Mobile Qualifying Services before the 1st September 2010, the english writing ucf following will apply: 1. Subject to paragraph 4 below, the customer will receive 3 months free mobile rental per goi peace foundation essay competition, connection on that Mobile Qualifying Service except: a) where the Mobile Qualifying Service(s) has been tailored or priced using Mobile Selector, and writing the customer has been advised at the time they apply for BT Business One Plan that the foundation competition 3 months free mobile rental will not apply, or. b) where the contract is for Blackberry Internet Services with Talk Time Sharer entered into on creative writing ucf, or after the 1st July 2009; or. c) where otherwise stated in any special offer terms and goi peace foundation conditions. 2. This will be applied to months 22, 23 and 24 of the Minimum Term of that Mobile Qualifying Service as a credit on the applicable monthly bill. 3. Subject to paragraph 5 below, where the customer includes the 100MB Data Option, the customer will receive a credit equal to the additional monthly subscription payable under the 100MB Data Option in months 22, 23 and english writing 24 of the texas teacher of the year essays 100MB Data Option. This credit will appear on the relevant monthly bill.
4. Should the Customer terminate the BT Talk Time Sharer, Business Circle Complete VPN and/or Business Circle Complete IA contract within the english creative writing minor ucf Minimum Term, the 3 months free mobile rental will not be applied. 5. Goi Peace Essay Competition? Should the customer terminate the 100MB Data Option prior to creative writing ucf, or during months 22, 23 or 24 of the 100MB Data Option, the 3 months free 100MB Data Option subscription will not be applied. 6. The 3 months free mobile rental and description essay on good parenting the 3 months free 100MB Data Option will only apply once per connection. BT Talk Time Solo: Monthly Subscription Charges. Customers signing a contract for BT Talk Time Solo on english writing minor ucf, or after the 18th April 2011 and essays children before the 19th September 2011, with a 24 month Minimum Period and creative ucf Minimum Term, will receive the term paper delivered online only following: A ?2.00 (excluding VAT) discount will be applied to the Monthly Subscription Charge applicable to creative writing minor, the Customer's Standard Contract for BT Talk Time Solo, the ?2.00 (excluding VAT) discount will be applied once per description on good parenting, Connection each month and will not be applied to any Monthly Subscription Charges levied for english ucf any additional options that the essay parenting Customer has contracted for. For the purposes of Eligible Contributory Spend, the Monthly Subscription Charge will be included net of discount.
The ?2.00 (excluding VAT) discount will apply for the Minimum Term of the Connection provided that the creative minor ucf Customer has not terminated the BT Business One Plan Contract. Where the Customer terminates the BT Business One Plan Contract, the ?2.00 (excluding VAT) discount will cease to mla quote paper, apply. Monthly Subscription Charges and UK Voice Extra (previously known as Unlimited UK Voice Extra) For Customers who place an order for BT Talk Time Solo with a 24 month Minimum Period and creative writing ucf Minimum Term, the following will apply (provided that the description essay on good Customer has not terminated the BT Business One Plan Contract): (a) Customers who order BT Talk Time Solo on english writing minor, or before 6th January 2013 will have a ?5.00 (excluding VAT) discount applied to the Monthly Subscription Charge applicable to the Customer's Standard Contract for BT Talk Time Solo, the ?5.00 (excluding VAT) discount will be applied once per Connection each month and will not be applied to competition, any Monthly Subscription Charges levied for creative writing minor ucf any additional options that the essay Customer has contracted for. Minor? (b) In addition for Customers who order BT Talk Time Solo on or before the 30th June 2012 the Additional Monthly Subscription Charge applicable to the UK Voice Extra option will be 1 pence per essays children, month per Connection (excluding VAT) for creative writing ucf the first 3 months of the Minimum Term of the description parenting Connection to which the english creative minor UK Voice Extra option has been applied. At the end of the 3 month period the Additional Monthly Subscription Charge applicable to the UK Voice Extra option will be as stated in texas year the Standard Contract for BT Talk Time Solo. Where the english writing Customer terminates the BT Business One Plan Contract, the Monthly Subscription Charge and the Additional Monthly Subscription Charge for foundation the UK Voice Extra option will be charged as detailed in their Standard Contract for BT Talk Time Solo. Where the Customer has taken the option listed as Monthly Subscription Charges and UK Voice Extra under this paragraph (Benefits of BT Business One Plan), the Call and Rental Spend on BT Talk Time Solo will not be eligible for any Reward and will not contribute to achievement of the Committed Spend it is creative writing minor ucf, therefore not Eligible Contributory Spend or Non-Eligible Contributory Spend.
OTHER BENEFITS OF BT BUSINESS ONE PLAN. 1. The following products are provided at goi peace essay, free or reduced connection or conversion prices for BT Business One Plan customers, as detailed in Section 1 of this Price List: BT Business PSTN (including BT Business Value PSTN and BT Business Critical PSTN) (takeover only) ISDN2 ISDN30 Featureline. 2. Creative Writing Minor Ucf? The customer may also receive: BT Call Tracker - by registering on BT.COM via the My BT Account and term paper delivered this will subsequently be provided at no additional charge until the english creative BT Business One Plan contract is term paper delivered, terminated unless a contract with another qualifying package is signed. Please note that this service is not available on creative writing minor ucf, all lines. Lines will be checked for eligibility at teacher essays, the point of order. BT Call Tracker is provided subject to english creative, its own terms and conditions available at http://www.bt.com/terms . BT Bill Direct. These products are provided under the relevant terms and conditions as detailed in research this Price List. The following products when included in english creative minor a BT Business One Plan contract with a Nominal Committed Spend of ?30000 or more, or a BT Business One Plan Special Offer, will receive a discount on essays, the standard rental within BT Business One Plan.
Customer Achieves the english creative writing ucf Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend. Where on the Spend Measurement Date, the Customer's Total Contributory Spend is equal to delivered only, or more than the Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend, no reconciliation charges will apply. Customer Does Not Achieve the Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend. Where on the Spend Measurement Date the Customer's Total Contributory Spend is creative writing minor ucf, below the sample cna resume Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend the english creative writing minor ucf Customer will pay a reconciliation charge of 20% of the difference between the sample cna resume Total Contributory Spend and the Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend. All reconciliation charges which are below ?10.00 will be waived off by BT. Termination Before the End of the english creative ucf Commitment Period or a Subsequent Commitment Period. Where the Contract is description essay parenting, terminated before the end of the Commitment Period or a Subsequent Commitment Period the writing minor following rule applies: On the termination date, BT will measure the mla quote research paper Customer's Total Contributory Spend for the year of the Commitment Period or Subsequent Commitment Period in which the termination took place.
Where this Total Contributory Spend is less than the Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend due for the year in which termination took place, the Customer will pay a reconciliation charge which is 20% of the english creative writing minor ucf difference between this Total Contributory Spend and this Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend. In addition, where the of the year essays termination has taken place in the first twelve months of the Commitment Period or Subsequent Commitment Period, BT will apply a reconciliation charge for the second twelve months of the Commitment Period or Subsequent Commitment Period which will be 20% of the Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend due for the second twelve months of the Commitment Period or Subsequent Commitment Period. Note: reconciliation charges are applied on each Spend Measurement Date. Spend which has been included in creative writing minor ucf BT's calculation of the Customer's Total Contributory Spend on one Spend Measurement Date cannot be included within the Customer's Total Contributory Spend on any other Spend Measurement Date. This payment will be invoiced after cessation of the Contract against competition, the Customer's PST nominated billing account or if not available any other billing account. Reconciliation Charge and creative writing Migration. Where a Customer is migrating from essay on good, BT Business One Plan, in accordance with the creative migration rules below a reconciliation charge will apply as follows:
Where, on the date of sample cna resume migration to english creative, another BT product, the Customer's Total Contributory Spend is less than 75% of the pro rata Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend due for research the year in which the migration takes place, the creative ucf customer will pay a reconciliation charge which is 20% of the difference between the pro rata Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend and sample the Total Contributory Spend. Migration to ucf, or within BT Business One Plan. 1) Customers may (subject to of the year essays, the reconciliation rules above) at any time during the english creative ucf Commitment Period or Subsequent Commitment Period, move to an equal or higher Committed Spend within BT Business One Plan, but not to a lower Committed Spend to which an equivalent or greater Commitment Period applies. 2) Customers may migrate from BT Business Plan to BT Business One Plan without incurring reconciliation charges provided that: a) At the date of migration they have achieved 85% of the pro-rata Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend: or. b) the teacher Committed Spend under the writing minor ucf BT Business One Plan contract is term paper delivered only, equal to or greater than the Committed Spend applicable to their BT Business Plan contract (the Nominal Committed Spend under the BT Business One Plan contract may however be less than the ucf Nominal Committed Spend applicable to the BT Business Plan contract). In all other circumstances, the reconciliation charges (due under the BT Business Plan contract) will be applied. Where the mla quote research paper customer migrates to english creative writing minor, BT Business One Plan from essays, BT Business Plan, the original BT Business Plan contract will be terminated and a new Commitment Period will commence under the BT Business One Plan contract. The new Contract will be for english creative ucf a full Commitment Period and spend under the term paper delivered online ceased BT Business Plan contract will not count towards the Committed Spend for the new BT Business One Plan contract.
3) Where a Customer migrates from BT Business Reward to BT Business One Plan or BT Business One Plan Plus the english ucf customer will receive a pro-rata payment of any reward on goi peace essay, their BT Business Reward contract provided that: a) at english, the date of for small migration they had achieved their pro-rata Committed Spend. b) the Committed Spend under the BT Business One Plan contract is english creative writing minor ucf, equal to essay on good, or greater than the committed spend applicable to their BT Business Reward contract. In all other circumstances, the Reward Credit (under the creative writing BT Business Reward contract) will not be applied. Where the customer migrates to BT Business One Plan from term delivered online, BT Business Reward, the original BT Business Reward contract will be terminated and a new Commitment Period will commence under the BT Business One Plan contract. Writing Ucf? The new Contract for BT Business One Plan will be for a full Commitment Period and sample spend under the ceased BT Business Reward contract will not count towards the Committed Spend for the new BT Business One Plan contract. Migration from BT Business One Plan. 1. Customers may (subject to english creative writing ucf, the reconciliation rules above) at children, any time during the creative writing Commitment Period or Subsequent Commitment Period, move from BT Business One Plan to BT Business Complete and essays for small a reconciliation charge will not apply under the terminated BT Business One Plan Contract if: (a) The BT Business Complete Minimum Period is greater than or equal to the outstanding BT Business One Plan Commitment Period; and. (b) Either: (i) the BT Business Complete Committed Spend is greater than the BT Business One Plan Committed Spend; or (ii) the BT Business Complete Committed Spend is english ucf, greater than 85% of the Customer’s actual rental spend on parenting, the Access Qualifying Services, Mobile Qualifying Services (the Monthly Subscription Charge) and the Broadband Qualifying Services included in the Customer’s BT Business One Plan Inventory measured over creative writing ucf the 12 months immediately prior to the termination of the BT Business One Plan Contract or calculated pro rata if the Customer’s BT Business One Plan has not been in place for texas of the essays the full 12 month period.
2. Customers may (subject to the reconciliation rules above) at any time during the english creative writing minor Commitment Period or Subsequent Commitment Period move from BT Business One Plan to for small children, BT Business Flex and a reconciliation charge will not apply under the terminated BT Business One Plan Contract if: (a) the minor ucf BT Business Flex Minimum Period is greater than or equal to the outstanding BT Business One Plan Commitment Period; and. (b) the Customer includes the texas teacher year essays lines that were included in the BT Business One Plan Inventory on writing minor, the date of termination as Lines within the foundation essay competition BT Business Flex Inventory. 3. Customers may (subject to writing minor ucf, the reconciliation rules above) at any time during the essays Commitment Period or Subsequent Commitment Period move from writing ucf, BT Business One Plan to another BT product and a reconciliation charge will not apply under the terminated BT Business One Plan Contract if: (a) the sample Commitment Period (sometimes referred to creative writing, as the Contract Period or Minimum Period) applicable to the new contract is greater than or equal to the BT Business One Plan Commitment Period; and. (b) the Committed Spend on description essay, the alternative BT product is greater than or equal to english writing minor, the BT Business One Plan Committed Spend. Where paragraphs 1 to 3 above apply, the original BT Business One Plan Contract will be terminated and texas of the year essays a new Commitment Period will commence under the new contract. Any period of english writing ucf time served on the BT Business One Plan Contract will not count towards the new contract. Spend under the mla quote BT Business One Plan Contract will not count towards any Committed Spend applicable to the new contract. 1) BT Business One Plan is provided under BT's Contract for english creative writing BT Business One Plan. 2) The services listed under Eligible Contributory Spend and Non Eligible Contributory Spend are provided on the applicable standard terms and charges for those services (`Standard Contracts') as amended by mla quote paper BT's Contract for Business One Plan and the charges listed below. Customers' are entitled to an average of four hours calling per day of writing minor ucf Capped Calls (for each call type for term paper delivered online only which there is a Capped Call price) from any one line to any one number throughout each calendar month.
Usage beyond this level will be subsequently charged at BT Business One Plan pence per minute prices as set out in Tables A, B and F, unless, in english writing addition, the average number of calls per day per calendar month to the relevant number is 16 or greater. The average of four hours per day per calendar month is calculated by dividing the total duration of Capped Calls to any one number in competition any calendar month by the number of days in that calendar month. The average number of calls to ucf, any one number per day per goi peace competition, calendar month is calculated by dividing the ucf total number of mla quote research paper Capped Calls to any one number in ucf any calendar month by parenting the number of days in that calendar month. The following services are excluded: Residential Lines Service Provider Calls and creative writing Access lines Payphone lines Temporary Lines / Temporary Service Lines Rented Card Phone line Lines not provided by goi peace foundation essay BT ISDN Connect BT Service lines FeatureNet Embark Private Circuits Business Start Up lines Incoming DDI lines Custodial Tagging Lines Chargecard Calls billed to a credit card Exchange Lines provided at non-served premises Inbound Service calls and Network Service facility fees. Business PSTN and ISDN lines provided under a contract which includes charges other than Published Charges.
No other PST call pricing packages (including BT Dual Discount, BT Exchange Line Credit Scheme, BT Access Credit Scheme and BT Business Line Reward) bespoke package or BT Business Broadband calls and english creative writing minor ucf lines package may be taken in conjunction with BT Business One Plan on the same items that are in the inventory. * Charges for PSTN, ISDN2, Featureline and BT Total Broadband include charges where existing customers have applied for one of the following offers and been advised at term only, the time of entering into creative writing minor ucf, the contract that a credit would apply: (i) For PSTN, ISDN2 and Featureline. Between 11 January 2010 and 31 July 2010 inclusive for existing customers entering into cna resume, a: (a) new PSTN (24 month Minimum Period) contracts a credit equivalent to 1 or 2 months (excluding VAT) line rental may be available or. (b) new ISDN2 or Featureline long term contract (3 or 5 years), a credit equivalent to 1, 2 or 3 months (excluding VAT) line rental may be available. (Excludes existing customers on writing ucf, ISDN2 Start Up, and Call Plan who sign a new ISDN2 Start up, or Call Plan contract). (ii) For BT Total Broadband.
Between 4 May 2010 and 4 August 2010 inclusive for year existing customers resigning a further BT Total Broadband Option 1, 2, 3, Network, or Network Premium contract with a minimum contract period of 12 or 24 months (Minimum Period) a credit equivalent to 1, 2 or 3 months rental charge (excluding VAT) may be available. Any rental and calls types not listed below will be charged in accordance with the creative writing ucf Standard Contract. Some Business VoIP call types will not be charged at BT Business One Plan rates under certain circumstances - please see Section 56 Part 18 for details. Dialled Call Charges. See General Notes Section Dialled Call Charges for details of Call Duration and Call Charges rounding. The application of essays for small minimum call charges. Minimum Call Charge applies. Creative Writing Minor Ucf? (See General Notes ) Where a minimum call charge is applicable the minimum call charge applies once the call has been connected. Where the charge for the call exceeds the minimum call charge the charge for the call is teacher of the year, applied rather than the minimum call charge. The following tables show the prices applicable for english creative minor ucf BT Business One Plan: Table A: Local and National Geographic Call Prices - See Note 1.
Set Up Fee At All Times. Per minute. Term Delivered Online Only? At all times. Local and National Calls (1) Local and National Calls (1) Changes to this product from 1st May 2016 may be to the significant detriment of some customers.
(1) Includes calls charged at english ucf, g21 rate and shown as 11 under Categorisation for mla quote paper Customer Options in Section 2 Part 11. Table B: International Direct Dialled Call Prices. Set Up Fee At All Times. At All Times (Day, Evening Weekend) pence per minute. pence per minute. See Table H for english creative a list of countries by IDD chargeband. Table C: Access Charge for mla quote paper calls to 084, 087, 09 118 numbers. Table D: Calls to Mobiles (excludes ISDN 64Kbit/s data calls to mobile telephones - see Section 2 Part 25 for charges) Set Up Fee At All Times. Table E: International ISDN 64k/Bits Data Calls. The BT Business One Plan prices shown below for all tiers apply to International ISDN 64k/bits Data Calls.
The chargebands are as shown below. International ISDN 64K/bit Chargebands. Pence Per minute. See Table I for a list of creative countries by International ISDN 64k/bit chargebands. Table F: Prices for International Direct Dialled (IDD) Calls to Mobile Telephones for All Tiers. IDD calls to some mobile telephones and foundation essay competition other special and higher rate services registered in english writing minor ucf foreign countries will be charged at description, 35.00p (ex VAT)/ 42.00p (inc VAT) per minute more than the equivalent pence per minute price shown in Table B above for an IDD call to a fixed telephone in that country. English Writing Ucf? Full details of the destinations and number ranges to which this applies are shown at essays for small, Section 2 Part 17. Prices for Calls From Northern Ireland to the Republic of Ireland for All Tiers. Calls from Northern Ireland to fixed telephones in the Republic of Ireland will be charged at the appropriate Inland rate.
Calls from Northern Ireland to mobile telephones registered in the Republic of Ireland will be charged at the same rate as calls from the rest of the english creative United Kingdom to mobile telephones registered in the Republic of Ireland. Table G - BT Text Prices for all Tiers. Price in Pence per Text* Text to term delivered, a fixed line in the UK. Text to a mobile telephone in the UK. UK texts - to english creative writing ucf, a premium rate service** * each text message is limited to 160 characters.
Where a request is made to send a text which exceeds 160 characters the message will be delivered as multiple messages each up to 160 characters length. Mla Quote Paper? Each text will be charged at english creative ucf, the rate appropriate to the destination telephone. ** Texts to premium rate services are not currently available. Please see Section 2. Part 1 Sub-Part `BT TEXT' for further information relating to the BT Text service. Table H - International Chargebands for research PSTN and ISDN Calls. Applicable to PSTN and ISDN calls for writing ucf BT Business One Plan except for International ISDN 64k/bits Data Calls. Central African Rep. Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) Ethiopia (Federal Democratic Republic of) Ireland (Republic of) Korea Republic (South)
Malawi (The Republic of) Palestinian National Authority. Spain (inc. Balearic Islands) St Kitts Nevis (formerly St Christopher) St Vincent the Grenadines. Togolese Republic (The) Turks Caicos Is. United Arab Emirates.
Virgin Islands (UK) Virgin Islands (USA) Note 1 : Calls to goi peace competition, all other countries are charged at BT standard prices, see Basic International Call Charges in Section 2 Part 2. For customers on creative writing, the Capped Option, the Capped call price for these routes is essay on good parenting, ?50.00 (Exc. VAT).
Table I - Chargebands for International ISDN 64k/Bits Data Calls.
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one minute essay This account was written in 1969 for publication in Marihuana Reconsidered (1971). Sagan was in his mid-thirties at that time. He continued to use cannabis for the rest of his life. It all began about ten years ago. I had reached a considerably more relaxed period in my life – a time when I had come to feel that there was more to living than science, a time of english creative writing minor, awakening of my social consciousness and description parenting, amiability, a time when I was open to new experiences. I had become friendly with a group of english creative ucf, people who occasionally smoked cannabis, irregularly, but with evident pleasure. Initially I was unwilling to partake, but the apparent euphoria that cannabis produced and the fact that there was no physiological addiction to the plant eventually persuaded me to try. My initial experiences were entirely disappointing; there was no effect at all, and I began to goi peace essay, entertain a variety of english writing minor, hypotheses about sample cna resume cannabis being a placebo which worked by expectation and hyperventilation rather than by chemistry. After about five or six unsuccessful attempts, however, it happened. I was lying on english creative writing minor my back in a friend’s living room idly examining the pattern of shadows on the ceiling cast by a potted plant (not cannabis!).
I suddenly realized that I was examining an intricately detailed miniature Volkswagen, distinctly outlined by the shadows. I was very skeptical at this perception, and tried to texas of the year essays, find inconsistencies between Volkswagens and what I viewed on the ceiling. But it was all there, down to hubcaps, license plate, chrome, and english minor ucf, even the small handle used for opening the trunk. When I closed my eyes, I was stunned to find that there was a movie going on the inside of my eyelids. Flash . . Term Delivered Online Only! . a simple country scene with red farmhouse, a blue sky, white clouds, yellow path meandering over green hills to the horizon. . . Flash . . . same scene, orange house, brown sky, red clouds, yellow path, violet fields . . . Flash . English Creative Ucf! . . Flash . Sample Cna Resume! . . Flash.
The flashes came about once a heartbeat. English Creative Ucf! Each flash brought the same simple scene into view, but each time with a different set of delivered only, colors . . . exquisitely deep hues, and astonishingly harmonious in their juxtaposition. Since then I have smoked occasionally and enjoyed it thoroughly. It amplifies torpid sensibilities and produces what to me are even more interesting effects, as I will explain shortly. I can remember another early visual experience with cannabis, in which I viewed a candle flame and english writing ucf, discovered in the heart of the description parenting, flame, standing with magnificent indifference, the black-hatted and -cloaked Spanish gentleman who appears on the label of the Sandeman sherry bottle.
Looking at fires when high, by creative ucf, the way, especially through one of those prism kaleidoscopes which image their surroundings, is an extraordinarily moving and beautiful experience. I want to explain that at no time did I think these things ‘really’ were out there. Sample! I knew there was no Volkswagen on the ceiling and there was no Sandeman salamander man in the flame. I don’t feel any contradiction in english creative minor ucf these experiences. There’s a part of me making, creating the perceptions which in everyday life would be bizarre; there’s another part of me which is a kind of term online only, observer. About half of the pleasure comes from the observer-part appreciating the work of the creator-part. I smile, or sometimes even laugh out loud at the pictures on the insides of my eyelids. English Writing Minor! In this sense, I suppose cannabis is psychotomimetic, but I find none of the panic or terror that accompanies some psychoses. Possibly this is because I know it’s my own trip, and that I can come down rapidly any time I want to. While my early perceptions were all visual, and curiously lacking in images of human beings, both of teacher of the year essays, these items have changed over the intervening years. I find that today a single joint is enough to get me high.
I test whether I’m high by closing my eyes and looking for the flashes. They come long before there are any alterations in creative ucf my visual or other perceptions. I would guess this is a signal-to-noise problem, the visual noise level being very low with my eyes closed. Another interesting information-theoretical aspects is the prevalence – at least in my flashed images – of cartoons: just the outlines of figures, caricatures, not photographs. I think this is simply a matter of information compression; it would be impossible to grasp the total content of an image with the information content of an ordinary photograph, say 108 bits, in year essays the fraction of english writing minor ucf, a second which a flash occupies. And the flash experience is essays children designed, if I may use that word, for instant appreciation. The artist and viewer are one. This is not to writing minor ucf, say that the research, images are not marvelously detailed and complex.
I recently had an image in which two people were talking, and the words they were saying would form and disappear in english writing minor ucf yellow above their heads, at about a sentence per teacher heartbeat. English Writing Minor! In this way it was possible to follow the paper online, conversation. At the same time an occasional word would appear in red letters among the yellows above their heads, perfectly in context with the conversation; but if one remembered these red words, they would enunciate a quite different set of statements, penetratingly critical of the conversation. The entire image set which I’ve outlined here, with I would say at least 100 yellow words and something like 10 red words, occurred in something under a minute. The cannabis experience has greatly improved my appreciation for art, a subject which I had never much appreciated before. The understanding of the writing ucf, intent of the goi peace essay competition, artist which I can achieve when high sometimes carries over to when I’m down.
This is one of english creative writing minor ucf, many human frontiers which cannabis has helped me traverse. There also have been some art-related insights – I don’t know whether they are true or false, but they were fun to formulate. For example, I have spent some time high looking at the work of the Belgian surrealist Yves Tanguey. Some years later, I emerged from a long swim in the Caribbean and sank exhausted onto a beach formed from the erosion of a nearby coral reef. In idly examining the goi peace essay, arcuate pastel-colored coral fragments which made up the beach, I saw before me a vast Tanguey painting. Perhaps Tanguey visited such a beach in his childhood.
A very similar improvement in english creative my appreciation of music has occurred with cannabis. For the first time I have been able to hear the separate parts of a three-part harmony and the richness of the counterpoint. I have since discovered that professional musicians can quite easily keep many separate parts going simultaneously in their heads, but this was the first time for mla quote paper me. Again, the creative writing, learning experience when high has at least to some extent carried over research paper when I’m down. The enjoyment of english writing, food is amplified; tastes and aromas emerge that for some reason we ordinarily seem to be too busy to notice. Essays Children! I am able to give my full attention to the sensation. English Writing Minor Ucf! A potato will have a texture, a body, and taste like that of other potatoes, but much more so. Paper Online! Cannabis also enhances the enjoyment of sex – on the one hand it gives an exquisite sensitivity, but on the other hand it postpones orgasm: in part by distracting me with the profusion of image passing before my eyes. The actual duration of orgasm seems to lengthen greatly, but this may be the usual experience of time expansion which comes with cannabis smoking. I do not consider myself a religious person in the usual sense, but there is a religious aspect to english creative writing ucf, some highs. The heightened sensitivity in teacher year all areas gives me a feeling of creative, communion with my surroundings, both animate and inanimate.
Sometimes a kind of existential perception of the absurd comes over me and I see with awful certainty the hypocrisies and posturing of myself and my fellow men. And at other times, there is a different sense of the absurd, a playful and whimsical awareness. Both of these senses of the term online, absurd can be communicated, and creative writing, some of the most rewarding highs I’ve had have been in sharing talk and perceptions and sample, humor. Cannabis brings us an awareness that we spend a lifetime being trained to english ucf, overlook and forget and delivered, put out of our minds. A sense of what the world is really like can be maddening; cannabis has brought me some feelings for what it is like to be crazy, and how we use that word ‘crazy’ to avoid thinking about things that are too painful for us.
In the Soviet Union political dissidents are routinely placed in english minor ucf insane asylums. The same kind of thing, a little more subtle perhaps, occurs here: ‘did you hear what Lenny Bruce said yesterday? He must be crazy.’ When high on teacher of the year essays cannabis I discovered that there’s somebody inside in those people we call mad. When I’m high I can penetrate into english writing the past, recall childhood memories, friends, relatives, playthings, streets, smells, sounds, and description essay on good parenting, tastes from a vanished era. I can reconstruct the actual occurrences in childhood events only half understood at the time. Many but not all my cannabis trips have somewhere in them a symbolism significant to me which I won’t attempt to describe here, a kind of mandala embossed on the high.
Free-associating to writing, this mandala, both visually and as plays on words, has produced a very rich array of insights. There is foundation competition a myth about such highs: the user has an english writing ucf illusion of great insight, but it does not survive scrutiny in the morning. I am convinced that this is an error, and that the devastating insights achieved when high are real insights; the main problem is putting these insights in a form acceptable to the quite different self that we are when we’re down the next day. Some of the hardest work I’ve ever done has been to put such insights down on tape or in teacher year essays writing. English Creative Minor Ucf! The problem is that ten even more interesting ideas or images have to be lost in the effort of paper, recording one. It is minor easy to understand why someone might think it’s a waste of effort going to all that trouble to set the thought down, a kind of description parenting, intrusion of the Protestant Ethic. But since I live almost all my life down I’ve made the effort – successfully, I think.
Incidentally, I find that reasonably good insights can be remembered the next day, but only if some effort has been made to set them down another way. If I write the insight down or tell it to someone, then I can remember it with no assistance the following morning; but if I merely say to myself that I must make an effort to creative ucf, remember, I never do. I find that most of the insights I achieve when high are into social issues, an sample area of creative scholarship very different from the one I am generally known for. I can remember one occasion, taking a shower with my wife while high, in which I had an idea on the origins and invalidities of racism in terms of gaussian distribution curves. It was a point obvious in a way, but rarely talked about. I drew the curves in soap on the shower wall, and went to write the idea down. English Writing! One idea led to another, and at the end of paper online only, about an english ucf hour of goi peace foundation, extremely hard work I found I had written eleven short essays on a wide range of social, political, philosophical, and ucf, human biological topics. Because of problems of space, I can’t go into goi peace foundation essay the details of these essays, but from all external signs, such as public reactions and expert commentary, they seem to writing minor, contain valid insights.
I have used them in university commencement addresses, public lectures, and in my books. But let me try to at least give the flavor of such an insight and goi peace, its accompaniments. One night, high on cannabis, I was delving into writing ucf my childhood, a little self-analysis, and making what seemed to me to be very good progress. I then paused and thought how extraordinary it was that Sigmund Freud, with no assistance from essays for small drugs, had been able to achieve his own remarkable self-analysis. But then it hit me like a thunderclap that this was wrong, that Freud had spent the decade before his self-analysis as an experimenter with and a proselytizer for cocaine; and it seemed to me very apparent that the genuine psychological insights that Freud brought to the world were at least in part derived from english creative writing minor his drug experience. I have no idea whether this is in fact true, or whether the historians of Freud would agree with this interpretation, or even if such an idea has been published in the past, but it is an interesting hypothesis and one which passes first scrutiny in the world of the downs.
I can remember the night that I suddenly realized what it was like to be crazy, or nights when my feelings and perceptions were of a religious nature. I had a very accurate sense that these feelings and perceptions, written down casually, would not stand the usual critical scrutiny that is my stock in trade as a scientist. If I find in description on good parenting the morning a message from myself the night before informing me that there is a world around us which we barely sense, or that we can become one with the universe, or even that certain politicians are desperately frightened men, I may tend to disbelieve; but when I’m high I know about this disbelief. And so I have a tape in which I exhort myself to take such remarks seriously. I say ‘Listen closely, you sonofabitch of the english minor ucf, morning! This stuff is of the year essays real!’ I try to writing minor, show that my mind is working clearly; I recall the name of texas, a high school acquaintance I have not thought of in thirty years; I describe the color, typography, and creative minor ucf, format of a book in another room and these memories do pass critical scrutiny in the morning. I am convinced that there are genuine and sample, valid levels of perception available with cannabis (and probably with other drugs) which are, through the defects of our society and our educational system, unavailable to writing ucf, us without such drugs. Such a remark applies not only to self-awareness and to intellectual pursuits, but also to perceptions of real people, a vastly enhanced sensitivity to facial expression, intonations, and choice of words which sometimes yields a rapport so close it’s as if two people are reading each other’s minds. Cannabis enables nonmusicians to know a little about essay what it is like to be a musician, and nonartists to grasp the english writing, joys of art.
But I am neither an artist nor a musician. What about cna resume my own scientific work? While I find a curious disinclination to think of my professional concerns when high – the attractive intellectual adventures always seem to english writing minor ucf, be in every other area – I have made a conscious effort to texas teacher of the year essays, think of a few particularly difficult current problems in my field when high. It works, at least to a degree. I find I can bring to writing minor, bear, for example, a range of relevant experimental facts which appear to be mutually inconsistent. So far, so good. At least the recall works. Then in trying to conceive of a way of reconciling the disparate facts, I was able to come up with a very bizarre possibility, one that I’m sure I would never have thought of down. I’ve written a paper which mentions this idea in passing. I think it’s very unlikely to be true, but it has consequences which are experimentally testable, which is the hallmark of an acceptable theory.
I have mentioned that in online only the cannabis experience there is creative ucf a part of your mind that remains a dispassionate observer, who is able to take you down in mla quote research a hurry if need be. I have on a few occasions been forced to drive in heavy traffic when high. I’ve negotiated it with no difficult at all, though I did have some thoughts about the marvelous cherry-red color of english creative writing minor ucf, traffic lights. I find that after the drive I’m not high at all. There are no flashes on goi peace foundation the insides of my eyelids. If you’re high and your child is calling, you can respond about as capably as you usually do. I don’t advocate driving when high on cannabis, but I can tell you from personal experience that it certainly can be done.
My high is always reflective, peaceable, intellectually exciting, and sociable, unlike most alcohol highs, and there is never a hangover. Through the years I find that slightly smaller amounts of cannabis suffice to produce the english creative writing minor, same degree of high, and in one movie theater recently I found I could get high just by texas teacher year essays, inhaling the cannabis smoke which permeated the theater. There is a very nice self-titering aspect to cannabis. Each puff is a very small dose; the time lag between inhaling a puff and sensing its effect is small; and there is no desire for more after the creative minor ucf, high is there. I think the ratio, R, of the time to sense the dose taken to mla quote paper, the time required to creative minor ucf, take an excessive dose is an important quantity. R is very large for LSD (which I’ve never taken) and reasonably short for sample cannabis.
Small values of R should be one measure of the safety of psychedelic drugs. When cannabis is legalized, I hope to see this ratio as one of he parameters printed on creative ucf the pack. I hope that time isn’t too distant; the illegality of goi peace foundation essay competition, cannabis is outrageous, an impediment to english, full utilization of a drug which helps produce the texas essays, serenity and english, insight, sensitivity and fellowship so desperately needed in this increasingly mad and dangerous world. This entry was posted on Monday, April 20th, 2009 at research 9:02 am and is filed under Essays, Read. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can skip to english creative writing minor ucf, the end and leave a response. Pinging is currently not allowed. 101 Responses to “Mr.
X by research, Carl Sagan” For Bruce Gelman. February 22, 2016 at english creative writing minor 5:16 pm. I would bet that a LOT of astrophysicists, and even more astrophysics students are stoners…
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20 Best And Worst Fonts To Use On Your Resume. Before you even walk into english creative writing minor a job interview you’ve made a first impression on the interviewer. How? Through your resume. According to a study conducted by the job search site TheLadders.com, recruiters spend only about six seconds scanning a resume.
So it’s essential that your resume makes a great first impression — that it looks professional and foundation essay competition, well organized. How do you do that? You start by using a resume font people can actually read (that#8217;s what this post is for), then you design a resume that stands out from the rest (here#8217;s how you do that). When you have both these things you go into Canva and design the english creative writing, thing for free in no time (here#8217;s how you upload fonts from this article into Canva and here#8217;s where you go in Canva to start your new resume design right now). Times New Roman is probably the most commonly chosen fonts for resumes — the very reason you should avoid it, and why it appears on our “Worst” list. Essays Children! So if you don’t want your resume to creative writing, look like hundreds of others, you’ll want to on good, choose something else.
And Garamond is creative a great alternative. A timeless serif typeface like Times New Roman, Garamond’s precursors have been in use for around 500 years. The modern version has the benefit of giving your resume a classic, polished look that’s much more interesting that the overused Times New Roman. As a bonus, if you’re struggling to condense your resume to one to two pages (which is description essay on good a good idea), Garamond can help you fit more text on a page without sacrificing readability by ucf, lowering the font size or crowding your design by tightening up the spacing. Description Parenting! This simple, sophisticated sans-serif typeface, designed in England in the 1920s, will give your resume a look that is both classic and english creative minor, modern. It’s used widely in for small children the UK (across the British Railways system, by the BBC) and elsewhere. You might also notice that Gill Sans is very similar to the custom lettering featured on the famous, WWII-era “Keep Calm and Carry On” poster, rediscovered at a British bookstore in 2000 and subsequently popularized with many replicas of the design.
You’ll find this font distributed with Mac OS X and writing minor, some Microsoft software as Gill Sans MT. Cambria, a serif font, is part of a suite of typefaces called the ClearType Font Collection, which has been widely distributed with Microsoft Office programs. These typefaces (Calibri, Cambria, Candara, Consolas, Constantia, and Corbel) were designed specifically to term paper delivered online only, perform well on computer monitors. The studio that created Cambria describes it as “the ‘new Times New Roman”…designed specifically for on-screen reading, while still remaining applicable for print,” thanks to its sturdy letter construction that retains legibility even at small sizes. This makes Cambria a good choice for both online and printed resumes. Wikimedia Commons/Hans Hoogglans. Although it has been the default Microsoft Word font since 2007, Calibri is still not used as often as Arial, which landed on our “Worst” list for creative ucf that reason. This font has other things going for it, though; professional resume writer Donna Svei points out that typing in Calibri at a 12 pt. size will produce around 500 to 750 words, the foundation essay competition, ideal length of a two-page resume. Our third and last selection from english creative minor, Microsoft’s ClearType Font Collection, Constantia’s rounder letterforms make it look more friendly and less stuffy than many serif typefaces. It’s also suitable for use both on-screen and in printed documents, making it useful for sample when you need to distribute your resume in both digital and hard copy form. Originally designed for corporate use, Lato is sans-serif font created to english creative, look neutral in body copy but have some unique traits at larger sizes.
The font’s designer describes Lato as “serious but friendly” — perfect for resumes. It comes in a wide range of weights and styles, though the “hairline,” “thin,” and “light” weights will be too hard to description essay on good, see at english creative writing small sizes. It’s available for download (free for both personal and sample, commercial use) and for web use on Google Fonts. Didot is writing a distinctive serif font with an upscale look (perhaps a product of its Parisian roots). This classy typeface can lend some style to mla quote research paper, your resume and seems to creative writing, be particularly popular for industries like fashion and photography. Mla Quote! However, its delicate serifs display most clearly at larger sizes, so you’ll do best saving Didot for headings rather than body copy. Wikimedia Commons/Pierre Rudloff.
This Swiss sans-serif typeface is english minor ucf considered by many designers and typographers to be the king of fonts. It even has its own self-titled documentary film. Thanks to its modern, clean lines and exceptional clarity, Helvetica is widely used in everything from major corporate logos (BMW, American Airlines, Microsoft) to mla quote research, New York City’s subway signs. English Creative Ucf! To give your resume a clean and description on good, contemporary look that’s still professional, try Helvetica. It’s included with Mac operating systems, but if you’re wanting to use it with Windows, you’ll have to minor, purchase it. Mla Quote! Georgia is another alternative to Times New Roman. This serif font has letterforms with thicker strokes that make it easy to read even at writing minor ucf small sizes. Plus, because it was created specifically for clarity on computer monitors, it looks great viewed on for small any digital document, such as if you’re sending your resume as a PDF. This versatile sans-serif font has a very clean, crisp appearance that will give any resume an updated look. It has multiple weights that you can use to english creative writing ucf, differentiate the various sections and for small, features of your resume, but you should probably avoid the “book” and “light” weights, as well as any condensed versions — they can be hard to read. Avenir Next is another good option; it was released as a follow-up to Avenir to improve the creative writing ucf, font’s on-screen display capabilities.
Dribbble/Mario Leo Fasolo. Surprised this one is on texas of the essays the list? There’s nothing wrong with the font in itself, it’s just that it has been (over)used and abused. Since everyone else is using it on their resumes, yours won’t stand out. Plus, Times New Roman is hard to read at very small sizes and english creative ucf, doesn’t display particularly well on screens. Like Gill Sans on our “Best” list, Futura was created in of the essays the 1920s. Except this sans-serif typeface was designed in Germany and is more geometric in form. Although it’s a clean, attractive font, the overall appearance is somewhat stylized and atypical.
With quirks like unusually tall lowercase letters and a jarring contrast between sharp and round letter shapes, Futura leans more toward decorative and interesting (a.k.a, a display font, meant to english creative writing, be used sparingly) than practical for description text-heavy documents like resumes. Writing! In the overused category, Arial is Times New Roman’s sans-serif equivalent. Using a font that’s so common (and, some would say, boring) may be perceived as a lazy choice — not putting much thought or effort into your resume. Plus, Arial is essay on good basically an adaptation of creative ucf Helvetica that’s a little looser and more irregular in competition its construction. There’s nothing wrong with conventional fonts, but there are better sans-serif choices out there than Arial. Designed to english creative writing minor, replicate the texas teacher of the essays, look of a typewriter and later adapted for use on creative actual electric typewriters, this font makes it look like — you guessed it — you typed your resume on a typewriter. Which you didn’t — unless you haven’t updated your resume in 30 some-odd years. Plus, because this is a monospaced typeface (every letter is paper delivered spaced equally, as opposed to most other proportionally spaced fonts) it can look a little unnatural, particularly for whole pages of text. Tempted to put your name at the top of your resume in a script that looks like handwriting to give it a little personality? Don’t do it! And especially don’t use Brush Script, which has been so overused that it now looks cheap and dated rather than retro and nostalgic (it was designed in english minor ucf 1942).
While certain creative industries will offer some leeway in playing with the appearance of your resume, when in doubt, it’s always a safe bet to stick to conservative font choices (which means no scripts or other display fonts). Unless you’ve been living under a rock for the past several years, you’ll know that using Comic Sans is considered the cardinal sin of font choices. It was created in 1994 to replicate the look of comic book speech bubbles, and mla quote research paper, that’s about all it’s appropriate for. Creative Ucf! The casual, almost childish look of the font makes it distracting in sample cna resume any serious context. And in case you’re wondering why anyone would use Comic Sans on a resume, according to this manager, it does happen. English Writing Ucf! Just remember: it’s a good rule of thumb to stay far away from description essay parenting, any font that might possibly come across as fun, flowery, flashy, or funky. Century Gothic has a sleek, modern look, but it’s probably a little too irregular for resumes. Additionally, the thin letters of this font’s regular weight can be hard to read, particularly at english small sizes. There’s really no good reason anyone should want to sample cna resume, use this on a resume, but people seem to like it. English Creative Ucf! So if you’re tempted to give your resume an adventurous or exotic air with Papyrus, resist. This font is so cliche (probably second only to on good parenting, Comic Sans) that is has become something of minor a joke — Fast Co.
Design puts it this way: “as everyone who has written a school project over parenting the last decade will tell you, Papyrus is the font you use to spell out the word #8220;Egypt.#8221; Want to make a bold, confident impression with your resume? You don’t need a bold, heavy font to do it. Impact is most likely intended for use in all caps for headlines, but because it includes lowercase letters, people are sure to use it for body copy, where it’s almost impossible to english creative writing, read. Yes, Trajan Pro has a dignified, important feel, but it would be more appropriate etched into cna resume stone than typed on your resume. That’s because the typeface was inspired by the letterforms carved into Trajan’s Column, a monument dedicated to the Roman emperor of the same name.
The font only has capital letters and small caps (no lowercase option), which makes it unsuitable for minor ucf typing out readable sentences on mla quote research your resume. Creative Minor Ucf! So it’s probably a good idea to leave Trajan to the movie posters (more than 400 of them), particularly those starring Russell Crowe. For resumes, a font size of 10 to texas teacher of the essays, 12 pt. (depending on the particular font, but no smaller than that) is english standard. Larger sizes are acceptable for headings or subheadings. Remember that everyone viewing your resume on a computer will have different fonts installed, and you don’t want your carefully chosen typeface automatically replaced with a substitute that messes up the document’s appearance and formatting.
That’s why it’s a good idea to always save and send your resume as a PDF, which preserves the original appearance (unlike a MS Word document). Do you have a favorite (or least favorite) font for resumes? Share in paper delivered online the comments below. Bring great design to your entire workplace. Janie is english writing minor ucf a freelance writer and graphic designer and the owner of Design Artistree Creative Studio. After college, she built on sample cna resume her background in english creative minor ucf art to description essay on good, explore design. and english creative writing ucf, loved it. Now, she enjoys finding ways to for small, combine the craftsmanship of traditional fine arts with the digital possibilities of graphic design. Build Your Brand: How to Choose The Right Fonts. 60 Free Sans Serif Fonts to Give Your Designs a Modern . 60 Free Serif Fonts to english writing, Give Your Designs a Traditional . 60 Free Calligraphy Fonts to Bring Charm to Your Design. 60 Free Outline Icon Sets Perfect for Contemporary Desi. Term Paper Online Only! 60 Free Fonts for Minimalist Designs.
50 Free Headline Fonts Built For Impact And Audience En. 50 Beautiful Free Wallpapers For Creatives [2015 Editio. English Creative Writing Minor Ucf! 50 Design Terms Explained Simply For Non-Designers. The 30 Best Free Social Media Icon Sets of 2015. 100 Brilliant Color Combinations and How to Apply Them . Free Icons: 49 Best Sites To Find Beautiful And Useful . 60 Awesome Free Tools To Create A Visual Marketing Camp. Free Stock Photos: 73 Best Sites To Find Awesome Free I. You're almost there!
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chemical essay An Online Research Center on the History and Theory of Anarchism. #147;The Problem of Chemicals In Food#148. Within the past few decades, tremendous quantities of english chemicals have been introduced into the cultivation and processing of food products in the United States. The annual production of bread alone is children, estimated to creative writing minor ucf, involve the addition of about 10,000,000 pounds of chemical emulsifiers by thousands of for small children bakers throughout the writing minor ucf, country.
During the six-year period since the end of the war, at least 700 to 800 chemicals have been discovered for use in American food products. These substances cover nearly every aspect of production: from fertilizers and pesticides to substitutes for organic nutrients, preservatives, flavouring and colouring matter, and a legion of processing agents. There are some foods on the market that are almost entirely synthetic; the chemical content in mla quote research a certain instances has been increased in piece-meal fashion to such an creative minor ucf, extent that these foods no longer contain the organic contents from which they were originally derived. This is the ad absurdum of chemicals in food; a natural product is converted by texas essays, the continual addition of chemical materials into a synthetic or near-synthetic product. Often, from the writing ucf, standpoint of public health, no satisfactory reason can be adduced by either the manufacturer or food technologist. The principal motives for chemicals in goi peace food arise from reasons of profit and english minor, industrial competition.
The use of chemicals in food has, in fact, become so extensive and reckless that mass poisoning is now a real danger to the American population. Instances of acute toxic effects have already approached the point of texas teacher of the national disasters. In one case, a marketed drug, #145;Elixir of Sulphanilamide#146;, killed over a hundred people before it was tracked down by governmental agencies. In another case, frozen peaches were confiscated which contained a large amount of english creative ucf thiourea. When these peaches were fed to experimental rats by the Food and Drug Administration, the rats died overnight. Yet neither governmental legislation nor scientific experimentation has proved adequate to this type of problem. The burden of proof for deleterious chemicals often rests not with the food manufacturer but with the Food and Drug Administration. Texas Teacher Of The Essays. The government is usually required to show that a chemical is definitely harmful rather than unnecessary for health and nutrition before it can be prohibited in food production.
Even this task may require fairly long judicial proceedings by an agency that is understaffed and has access to limited funds. Moreover, scientific standards of toxicity are frequently open to doubt. Agene, for example, was used for decades in bleaching flour. It was adjudged by chemists and writing minor ucf, physiologists as harmless until British scientists recently found that dogs fed a diet of 80 per cent. white bread acquired #145;running fits#146;. Essay Competition. An equally interesting case is the variance of scientific opinion on thiourea as a preparation which prevents the browning of certain sliced fruits. Creative. As late as 1943 this chemical was described as harmless to man. Further study, however, revealed that thiourea acts upon the thyroid gland to essays, inhibit the formation of creative thyroxin, and may result in the development of thyroid adenomata and tumours of the term paper only, liver. English Creative Writing. Finally, one of the most remarkable disputes centers around the use of parenting monochloracetic acid.
This acid was first described in a French patent as a useful food preservative more than eighteen years ago. After extensive pharmacologic tests, the use of monochloracetic acid was regarded as harmless #145;even in continued daily ingestion by infants#146;. Only after the acid came into english writing minor ucf, fairly widespread usage did reports indicate that this substance irritates the gastrointestinal tract, causing nausea and vomiting. Yet Dr. Franklin C. Bing, an eminent authority on teacher nutrition and food chemistry, testified that one of the food scientists who originally characterized monochloracetic acid as harmless to human beings, #145;still holds that monochloracetic acid is perfectly harmless and ought to be used#146;. Dr.
Bing recounts the story of a food manufacturer #145;who wanted to submit a product for consideration by our council [American Medical Association]. He had a little monochloracetic acid in his product as a preservative, and my duty as secretary of the council was to ask him what evidence he had as to its harmlessness, and he brought that in, and minor ucf, I told him I did not think that the council would accept it, and the council did not. Term Paper Delivered Online Only. And I remember vividly getting a couple of telephone calls from outstanding pharmacologists of this country saying that they thought we were wrong in not giving approval to writing ucf, that particular product#146;. But by far the most fundamental problem of description essay on good chemicals in food is the danger of chronic toxicity. Within very recent years, especially during the last decade, chemicals without an immediate toxic effect have found their way into food products. These chemicals may, in the long run, produce incalculable damage to public health.
For damage of this sort, scientific experimentation is extremely complex and english writing minor ucf, woefully inadequate, even if the essays for small, best intentions are kept in mind. Proper control, in such instances, cannot end with tests on individual experimental animals; they must cover entire generations over fairly long periods of time and at considerable financial expense. More must be learned of animal physiology than is to-day even faintly suspected by english creative minor, the most eminent biologists in the United States. #145;I have spoken to students many times about the newer knowledge of nutrition,#146; declared Dr. Bing in his testimony to the House Select Committee to Investigate the Use of Chemicals in Food Products (U.S. Congress), #145;and I use the term somewhat glibly, but in the final analysis, I think I would have to admit that we know very little compared to mla quote research, what remains to creative minor, be found out. #145;Some of the term paper online, things that we do know are that the body has mechanisms by which it can handle substances commonly or naturally found in food materials, and it may have some difficulty in handling substances which are not naturally found in foods, even though they differ only slightly in chemical configuration. So I should think that any foreign substance, any substance which is not found to a fair extent in foods, is open to some suspicion when you take it into the body. In the meantime, the use of chemicals in food #150; tested, for the most part, only for acute toxicity, and this often with extreme superficiality #150; has increased by leaps and bounds. Dr. Bing observes: #145;You can pick up almost any issue of the technical magazines which come to the attention of the chemists in the food industries, and find some little advertisement in them about new emulsifying agents, or something that is a plasticizer, or food improver, as they sometimes call them.
That is a good term, too, which, well, it is written up so that you are intrigued by it. And it seems that just as human beings like to take a pill to relieve their illnesses or their lack of sense of well-being, so it seems to english creative writing, be typical of a man in the food industry when something comes along, some problem in technology, he likes to have chemical aids to solve it. That seems to be inherent in human nature, perhaps. So this problem to-day is description on good parenting, much bigger and broader than it was fiver years ago, and certainly tremendously increased over what it was ten years ago.#146; Chemical Fertilizers in Agriculture. The danger of chronic toxicity, to-day, arises at a fairly remote point from the industrial processor and consumer. It beings in agriculture and cattle-breeding, with a vast array of fertilizers, insecticides, pesticides, fruit colouring matter, hormones and growth stimuli. English Creative. These chemicals (some of which are little understood by sample, industrial chemists, still less by physiologists) are allowed to enter into great natural cycles whose ramifications touch upon the processes of life itself. Since natural processes are intricately tied together, an isolated view of the effect that any single chemical has upon life and nature is scarcely a basis for knowing how several of these chemicals will react together.
For example, grazing animals, which have received hormones to increase their weight may leave behind chemical traces in manure long after they have been slaughtered and consumed. How the soil, as well as the public, is affected is little known. If, as often happens, the same area of land is treated with chemical fertilizers and sprayed with insecticides, these substances may very well combine to produce a totally unpredictable effect. The dangers inherent in this problem cannot be overestimated. Instances are already known where insecticides have so completely saturated the top-soil that cultivation must be restricted to only certain kinds of food.
It is often maintained that insects, not insecticides, and soil exhaustion due to increased population, not chemical fertilizers, are ultimately responsible for the difficulties created by chemicals in food. This may be regarded as a spurious treatment of english writing minor a very serious social question. More fundamental are the ecological disturbances that profit-minded businessmen have produced throughout the texas teacher essays, American countryside. For decades, lumber companies and railroads were permitted a free-hand in destroying valuable forest lands and wild life. The attendant results are widespread erosion and the removal of many natural enemies of insect life. The normal balances that were responsible for soil preservation and insect control are no longer present in many parts of the United States. English Creative. At the texas, same time that irreplaceable top-soil is washed into the rivers of the country, it is accompanied by industrial wastes that probably abet the multiplication of insects and diseases detrimental to creative writing ucf, crops.
An equally important social reason for chemical substances in agriculture is the historical shift from small- to sample cna resume, large-scale farming. For centuries, as far back as the threshold of history, food cultivation remained in the hands of small rural families. The individual farmer who worked the land, whether he was a serf, peasant or yeoman, brought a certain amount of personal interest to english minor, agriculture. The care of cna resume crops usually fell within the horizon of an individual, who felt himself more implicated in the quality of agricultural food than large-scale absentee land-owners. Even when social oppression underlay agriculture, the individual farmer who performed the work could not escape the responsibility for the crops he produced. Creative Writing Ucf. Much attention, interest and concern were involved in earlier agricultural practices, and the farmer usually took great pride in the quality or food output. Fairs, local markets, contests, and finally a real sense of responsibility to the surrounding community often induced the farmer to bring his best efforts to food cultivation. Agriculture in children past eras depended upon english creative writing, a material technique that had not changed in many respects for thousands of years. Labour was arduous and famine remained a continual threat.
But the farmer had the satisfaction of knowing that drought, insects and crop diseases were seldom the result of man-made difficulties. Nor has modern science removed many of the natural disturbances that entered into term, earlier food cultivation. The greatest difficulties of the past were solved when machines or knowledge of ecology, not synthetic chemicals, were brought to creative writing minor, the farm. The advances made in soil chemistry and crop rotation during the eighteenth century were based entirely on organic and sample, natural resources. Charles Townshend, for creative writing minor example, taught the English farmer the term paper delivered online only, four-course rotation of creative minor ucf wheat, turnip, barley and clover. Bakewell formulated the pragmatic orientation toward the essays for small children, selection and creative writing, breeding of cattle.
There is no better description of the essays for small children, agricultural advances of the eighteenth than the world #145;husbandry#146;. English Minor. The rule-of-thumb researches of the texas teacher of the year, period were intent on creative minor garnering, rather than substituting for, the forces of nature. The #145;conquest of nature#146; meant a rational use of natural resources, not a disruption of the biological processes around man. It can never be too strongly emphasized that every tract of soil and texas of the year essays, every area of countryside compromises a relatively unique ecological situation. Just as climate, land, vegetation and wild-life may very greatly from creative writing minor, one part of the country to another, so every square mile presents in some degree a distinctive balance of natural forces. Mla Quote Research Paper. Food cultivation by man, which must be regarded as a form of writing minor botanical #145;domestication#146; imposed on what was originally virgin and wild land, always threatens to upset this balance. In many cases, of course, uniform conditions completely outweigh ecological differences, and large-scale farming is not only feasible but even necessary. For the most part, however, successful agriculture depends upon essay parenting, how the english writing minor ucf, farmer adapts himself to essay, the small differences he is likely to english creative writing, find. He must understand not only gross variations in soil, but particularly his own soul as it is affected by the local vegetation, insect and animal life it supports. He must ask himself how far he can interfere in his given situation without causing irreparable damage. This can only come with personal familiarity, with fairly extended experience and understanding.
The farmer must bring not only insight to texas teacher of the year essays, the specific characteristics of his land, but also sympathy, interest, and a socially-responsible attitude. With the english creative writing minor ucf, shift to large-scale farming, the emphasis of essay competition agriculture changed from the quality to the quantity of food cultivation. English Creative Ucf. This meant that the land was to foundation competition, be exploited like any other resource under capitalism #150; in english creative writing minor ucf a drastic and one-sided manner. The #145;success#146; of large-scale, quantitative farming depended upon a uniformity of resources, and #145;average#146; in the agricultural situation. Since nature never presents uniformities or averages in texas year essays such simple terms, they had to be created. To a large degree this task devolved upon chemicals. Thus fertilizers were used to compensate for differences in soil; chemical hormones were employed to standardize the size of crops; and growth stimuli were discovered to replace the results of variations in climate. The most elementary lessons of man#146;s relationships to the soil and nature have since been abandoned for #145;synthesis#146; #150; for artificiality not only in agriculture but also in english creative writing minor nature. In short, #145;husbandry#146; has been replaced by texas, #145;chemistry#146;.
But just as capitalist farming has #145;created#146; an #145;average#146; agriculture, so it has created an #145;average#146; farm worker. Wherever the farmer has been dispossessed by huge corporate growers, he has also been replaced by rural labourers who view the intimate problems of crop management with complete indifference. English Writing. On large estates to-day, #145;farmers#146; often include aviators who spray insecticides, tractor drivers and sales#146; agents; not to mention harvesters who never sow and sowers who never harvest. Term Paper Delivered Online. The division of labour in large-scale farming often precludes a total view of the agricultural situation. Even the agricultural technician, who can provide an over-all view, must change his orientation to meet the needs of #145;average#146; farming. As a result, the complex requirements of co-operation with nature and natural processes are fractured into numerous, unintegrated tasks.
Management is often supplied #150; at least in motivation #150; from remote heights above, by business interests which include little appreciation for the problems of the minor ucf, soil. Demands imposed upon the land are shaped neither by texas year essays, the needs of the public nor by english creative writing, the limits of nature, but by the exigencies of profit and competition. All the gaps in the picture #150; from the variations of the land to the indifference of farm labourers #150; are filled by chemicals. Fertilization by organic and inorganic (chemical) fertilizers plays a decisive part in altering various soils for #145;average#146; farming. In making these alterations, a number of essays for small children very important principles are involved. Under natural conditions, the fertilization of land by organic materials is a process in the course of which complex substances are broken down into simpler plant nutrients. For example, nitrogen in proper quantities is indispensable for plant nourishment. Ordinarily, this element is provided through the well-known #145;nitrogen cycle#146;. When proteins decay, they are eventually reduced to creative minor, carbon dioxide, water, ammonia, and free nitrogen.
Soil-dwelling bacteria act upon ammonia to children, produce nitrate compounds that are suitable for plant nourishment. When excessive nitrogenous compounds exist in the soil, denitrifying bacteria may reverse the process to produce a suitable balance. Excesses of this sort are no longer a serious issue because animal proteins play a very small part in supplying the writing minor, land with nitrogen. Burial conventions require that a human body shall not be used to further the cultivation of food, and the human body, in turn, consumes the proteins of cattle that once eventually reached the soil. But other means exist.
Leguminous plants like beans, peas, clover, and alfalfa support nitrogen-fixing bacteria that use free nitrogen in the atmosphere. Furthermore, the fecal deposits of research many living animals (including man) are also rich in nitrogen. In the past, and to-day to a great extent in the Orient, these resources have been carefully husbanded and restored to english creative writing minor, the land. The major principle behind chemical fertilization is to mla quote research paper, introduce these simpler nutrients directly, often without intermediate steps through bacteria. By industrially combining atmosphere nitrogen with lime or soda ash, the nitrogen-fixation process is performed in the factory instead of in writing minor the soil. Cna Resume. Phosphates are usually obtained commercially for agriculture by treating phosphate rock with sulphuric acid. In fact the acidulation technique has a wide variety of uses in ucf preparing chemical fertilizers. It often not only supplants the work of bacteria but also brings to the soil a bewildering number of chemicals that are not always necessary for agriculture. The added chemicals often play no role whatever in soil fertility. They either represent residual substances that cannot be avoided because of the acidulation technique itself, or at term paper delivered online only, best they are added to render inorganic fertilizers soluble or absorbable. Often, they remain in english creative writing ucf the soil where they do nothing for plant nourishment as such, accumulating over of the essays, the years to creative, serve no special purpose for agriculture.
Do these new accretions harm the soil? Do they play any role in human health? Generally speaking, is enough known of the goi peace, effect of chemical fertilizers have on the soil or on creative the human body to lend inorganic fertilization to sample cna resume, adequate controls? Behind each of english writing ucf these questions are even more obscure problems. During the hearings of the Select House Committee, for example, Mr. J. I. Rodale of the #145;Soil and Health Foundation#146; suggested the complexities that are introduced by inorganic fertilizers as part of goi peace foundation competition his objections to such fertilizers. #145;In some cases they (chemical fertilizers) are caustic. They actually have a burning quality that will kill bacteria. In other cases they are too soluble.
It is as if an individual were forced to english writing, eat when he were not hungry. For Small. It forces itself on the plant, crowding out important trace mineral elements. #145;The most important reason why some chemical fertilizers are harmful,#146; continued Rodale, #145;is because they contain more than one element. The one element that they need to feed the plant in order to creative ucf, make it soluble is tied in with some other element which gives it that solubility and which is there practically only for that purpose. #145;An example is texas essays, a very common fertilizer called superphosphate. English Creative Ucf. What they are after is to feed the plant phosphate. But is it mixed with sulphuric acid to give it that solubility. Mla Quote Research. The plant takes up a great deal of phosphate but very little of the sulphur.
When sulphur piles up in the soil there are certain kinds of bacteria, called sulphur-reducing bacteria, which begin to multiply to work down that sulphur. English Creative Minor. As they work they have to feed. It so happens that those sulphate-reducing bacteria feed on a very important soil organism, which is needed to break down organic matter. Therefore when you have a lot of sulphur piling up in the soil there are bacteria multiplying which are killing off certain organisms which the farmer needs to break down organic matter.#146; This problem, which was first introduced because of the acidulation technique, reaches even further back. #145;When you grow a crop of anything,#146; concludes Rodale, #145;that root that remains in the soil must break down for essay on good parenting the next crop. The roots are very valuable. The roots of the english creative writing minor ucf, preceding crops give nourishment to the next. If the mla quote research, soil does not contain enough of this breakdown bacteria it will not be able to furnish the english, food in time for the next crop.#146; Rodale#146;s testimony may be regarded as a very unorthodox view in the United States. It was opposed at the hearings by a battery of #145;experts#146; who vehemently argued for chemical fertilizers, #145;judiciously#146; mixed with organic substances.
Although the #145;experts#146; freely acknowledged that organics keep the soil friable, easy to work and permeable to water, they pointed up transport difficulties and, in fact, the entire arrangement of modern society as objections to essays, supplying the land with enough organic materials for agriculture. #145;It is neither economically feasible nor physically possible to creative writing ucf, rely upon organic manures exclusively in research paper our present-day agriculture,#146; observed Dr. Richard Bradfield of Cornell University, who particularly tried to place inorganic fertilizers in perspective from the specialist#146;s standpoint. #145;Organic gardeners make a great deal of what they call the #147;law of returns#148;, by which they mean the return to the soil of english minor ucf all the elements which the crop removes from it. Such a system is feasible in a primitive, sparsely populated area in which practically the entire population is engaged in farming, and in which there is a high proportion of the population which can collect and transport city wastes to the farms which feed the cities. If we stopped to think for a minute, it would become apparent how difficult it would be to apply this law literally in the United States at the present time.#146; In support of inorganic fertilizers, Bradfield insisted that such fertilizers supply elements in the same form that they are released by children, organic substances. In fact he found organic fertilizers of very limited value because #145;the organic matter which is generally available for creative minor ucf use on soils does not contain these elements in the proportions in which they are needed to give the best growth of crops on most soils.#146; Now we may reserve the social problems raised by the exclusive use of organics for later discussion. But Bradfield#146;s unfavourable comparison of organic with inorganic fertilizers may be regarded as resting on entirely spurious premises.
Dr. A. F. Camp, Vice Director in charge of the University of Florida Citrus Experimental Station makes the observation that #145;the difference between trees fertilized with organic fertilizers and those fertilized with chemical fertilizers lay primarily not in the field of nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium, and calcium but in the lack of the so-called minor or secondary elements such as magnesium, manganese, copper, zinc, and boron which were present as impurities in foundation the organic materials but not present in appreciable amounts in the chemical materials. Thus, in the case of bonemeal which was credited with containing only nitrogen, phosphorous, and calcium, it was found that one of the most important elements it supplied was magnesium which is universally deficient in Florida citrus soils and for english minor which citrus trees have a very high requirement. Superphosphate contained only traces of essays children magnesium and when substituted for bonemeal resulted in trees that were acutely deficient in magnesium. All of these so-called minor elements which are actually as necessary to the development of citrus as the so-called major elements were found as sizable impurities in the natural organic materials because, just as in citrus, they were necessary to the growth or development of the organisms from which these organic materials were derived#146;. Indeed, it hardly tells us much to criticize the efficacy or proportions of organic fertilizers that are #145;generally available#146;. What is #145;available#146; has a very restricted meaning in writing ucf the lexicon of experts to-day.
To the average farmer, organic fertilizers are almost completely represented by manures, which are admittedly a limited source of soil fertility. Even if we include the best composts in use to-day (and this being exceptionally generous) the essay, term #145;organic fertilizer#146;, as it is currently employed, would ignore a wide range of potentially valuable substances which could be brought to the soil. Curiously enough, the #145;experts#146; carry the greatest responsibility for this situation. They have almost completely evaded, and directed attention away from, research into new and better organics. Indeed, the current emphasis on inorganic fertilizers in creative ucf agricultural laboratories and projects has reduced organic substances to an #145;indispensable#146; but entirely ancillary position in parenting food cultivation. Bradfield went on to deny that #145;valid evidence exists#146; to show that #145;crops grown with chemical fertilizer are more attractive and english creative writing, nutritious to sample cna resume, insects and english writing minor ucf, plant pathogens#146;. This too will be discussed elsewhere.
His denial, however, that evidence exists as to whether #145;crops grown with chemical fertilizers are less nutritious to men than those grown with organic fertilizers#146; is extremely questionable. Slowly and in the face of extreme hostility from the #145;experts#146;, a number of soil scientists and practical farmers are producing evidence that inorganic fertilizers may seriously reduce the quality of crops. The discussion is still being cast in a strictly adaptive framework, as part of a general reconciliation to the use of chemicals. Foundation Essay Competition. It is widely accepted that the contemporary social scene renders the use of inorganics necessary and few are willing to abandon chemical fertilizers as such. But, as Dr. K. C. Beeson pointed out, #145;Fertilization with large quantities of nitrogen can also result in some lowering of certain nutritive constituents in ucf the plant. For example, in essays for small children some experiments with turnip greens, applications of nitrogen reduced the percentage of calcium in the greens in twenty-four to thirty experiments. Fertilization with the ammonium salts of nitrogen has resulted in a reduction of vitamin C in plants, but fertilization with the nitrates under the english creative writing minor ucf, same conditions did not affect vitamin C. The reasons for the difference are unknown.#146; Perhaps the most strongly emphasized point made by all the #145;experts#146; in favour of parenting inorganic fertilizers is the conclusion that chemicals increase crop yield. #145;The most important reason for minor the use of fertilizers,#146; said Bradfield, #145;is that they increase the yield of practically all crops on all but our most fertile soils. This point is so generally appreciated that detailed elaboration is unnecessary#146;.
Very well, then #150; let us elaborate! By leaning on poorly-evaluated experimental facts, the #145;expert#146; generally knows that the parenting, addition of creative writing certain chemicals to the soil can increase the size of texas year crops. Although impressive yields can be produced, more and more evidence has appeared to show that these yields often drain the soil of writing minor ucf valuable substances. Description Essay Parenting. Dr. William A. Albrecht of the University of Missouri astutely observed at the Hearings that #145;a fertilizer balancing the supply of nutrients in the soil is english creative writing minor ucf, merely a help to take all the other things out faster. So if you fertilize a soil with nitrogen, which is deficient, and sample cna resume, grow a bigger crop, you merely have taken all the other things out faster and by virtue of that observation people will say, #147;Oh, yes, fertilizers ruin your soil#148;. Well, they have just helped you wear it out faster. That is all.#146;
But is that all? #145;We have built up the lime, the english creative minor, phosphorous, the potash,#146; continues Albrecht, later in his testimony. #145;Now we come along and shove under the nitrogen and that is very demonstrative for the first year or second year until we pull the term paper only, other things down. We had the same thing with limestone. The moment we build up the one thing that is deficient, we get a glorious effect until something comes in as a deficiency, and then we are in trouble. . . . Lime is a necessity but like alone is not enough. Many years ago the farmer, who did not know any chemistry, gave us a very interesting jingle which is very true: #147;Lime and lime without manure make father richer but son poorer.#148; #145;A very find old truth, very fine, because when you lime, the calcium next to the hydrogen serves to push the other things out. So when you lime, a crop gets greener and a crop gets bigger, but not because the lime did that in the crop but because it pushed out other things and balanced up the thing to help it.#146; Before chemicals can replace organic substances without leading to disaster, more must be known of the factors which enter into soil composition, of the soil itself and finally of plant and english minor ucf, animal nutrition; in short, of a stupendous natural process concerning which agronomists know surprisingly little.
The soil, as Dr. Beeson has put it, is #145;a highly complex dynamic system of minerals, inorganic chemical compounds, organic compounds, living organisms, air and water#146;. Yet soil cannot be synthesized in the laboratory; and entire areas of plant nutrition, including photosynthesis, remain a complete mystery. In fact, as Beeson tells us, #145;There is no known laboratory method or group of methods by which all the nutritive constituents in food can be measured and evaluated in terms of the nutrition of man or animals. Consequently, there is term paper delivered, no single unique value that can be assigned to a food to creative ucf, express its nutritive quality. All of the constituents contributing to nutritive quality have probably not yet been recognized, and there are no adequate methods for quantitative measurement of many constituents that we do recognize. Therefore, no measurement of the over-all nutritive quality of a food has ever been made#146;.
In some cases, soil scientists have even discovered that an element which is unnecessary for plant growth (but which is derived from the goi peace competition, consumption of plants) is indispensable to english ucf, proper animal nutrition. Soil deficiencies of cobalt, for example, have resulted in nutritional disturbances in cattle and sheep. Other of these so-called trace elements are probably even less understood. The point is that whereas the #145;experts#146; tend to break up, simplify and crudely manipulate the agricultural situation, supporters of organic farming usually predicate themselves on the complexity and far-reaching character of essays food cultivation. There is more than a difference in technique. It is a basic antagonism in outlooks toward natural phenomena. The organic farmer essentially argues that man can know and husband nature, but he cannot replace natural processes without serious detriment to himself and society. Insects, Insecticides and the #145;Human Bug#146; If the rejection of chemical fertilizers rests on english minor ucf the complexity and obscurity of the agricultural situation, there are very direct reasons for sample cna resume regarding other chemicals in agriculture as detrimental to human health.
Perhaps the most significant category of english chemicals suspected of being dangerous to man are insecticides and pesticides. The problem that these substances presents is very simple: All are poisonous to one or several forms of lower life. Sample Cna Resume. They are employed on the principle that they either do not remain in writing foods that finally reach the consumer market or that the paper only, human body finds them harmless in writing the amounts that do remain. Both #145;principles#146; are now open to grave doubts by physiologists and biochemists. The extensive application of insecticides to crops in the United States reaches back before 1870 with the use of Paris Green for cna resume the control of the Colorado potato beetle. Afterwards, a number of extremely toxic chemicals came into creative writing, use. Lead arsenate, for example, was widely employed against the codling moth in essay apple and pear orchards. It is still used to-day, although it has been regarded by many health workers as a danger to agricultural labourers and creative writing, the public since the first World War. The use of insecticides has now grown to incredible dimensions. Sample Cna Resume. With the passage of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act of 1947, about 16,000 brands of insecticide preparations have been registered with the government. These brands range from poisons absolutely deadly to man to very questionable #145;hormone#146; herbicides like 2, 4-D dichloro phenoxy acetic acid. #145;One of the disturbing things about the recent advance in insecticides, in the discovery of new insecticides,#146; said Dr.
Dunbar to the Select Committee, #145;has been that a great many very potent and valuable insecticides have been developed on which very little is known, either about english creative writing ucf, their chronic or acute toxicity or about their fate after they are applied to food. #145;In many cases we do not know whether the insecticide after application is absorbed into the body of the food, whether it is texas, destroyed on weathering, were even insecticides put out for which no chemical method of english identification or analysis is known.#146; Many insecticides and pesticides are known in only some way to affect higher animal organisms, including man. Hydrogen cyanide, a fumigant commonly used on grains and writing minor, cereal foods, is described by essays children, a Food and Drug official as #145;moderately to extremely poisonous; however, under normal conditions of use the fumigant volatilizes so that no significant [ ! #150; L.H.] residue remains on the food products and no hazard results to the consumer. An exception [ ! #150; L.H.] occurred several years ago when a large shipment of raisins on creative writing the docks in one of the seaport cities was repeatedly fumigated with liquid hydrogen cyanide under conditions which prevented volatilization of the fumigant.
These raisins were distributed and resulted in numerous illnesses to consumers#146;. On Good. We may very well wonder how many digestive illnesses reported to doctors throughout the country are due to unsuspected poisons in food that were not discovered by the Food and Drug Administration. It is maintained by may #145;experts#146;, that when insecticides are produced from simple compounds they can be washed away and kept from directly affecting the public. This, however, is by no means universally accepted; on the contrary, it is believed that residues usually remain or are absorbed by the crops. According to Dr. Francis E. Creative Writing Ucf. Ray, Director of the Cancer Research Laboratory (University of Florida), arsenic #145;in the form of essay copper arsenate or lead arsenate is commonly used as an agricultural insecticide and fungicide. Creative Writing Minor. It has been known for many years that exposure to arsenicals produces a certain type of cancer of the skin. More recent evidence is paper, that inhalation of arsenic dust #150; and sprays #150; may cause cancer of the lung. It is possible that other types of internal cancer may be caused by creative minor, the long-continued ingestion of so-called non-toxic doses of arsenicals. It is texas of the year, suspected that the english minor ucf, arsenicals used in growing tobacco contribute to the high incidence of lung cancer among heavy smokers. Arsenical sprays on tobacco and on good parenting, food should be prohibited#146;.
Another #145;simple#146; chemical (indeed, an element) that has come into widespread use against writing minor ucf insects is selenium. Experimental study by the Food and Drug Administration indicates that selenium and its compounds #145;are highly toxic and texas teacher year, are capable of producing insidious poisoning. When as little as three parts of selenium (in the form of ucf selenized corn) was added to teacher year, each million parts of the creative ucf, diet of rats, it produced liver disease (cirrhosis) in the majority of the animals within a year. Higher concentrations eventually produce liver tumours in some of the animals. All these factors combine to make selenium extremely dangerous as a food contaminant. Minute amounts of it (at least in animals) can initiate a sequence of pathologic changes, the earliest of which are symptomless and pass unnoticed, while the later stages are irreparable and ultimately fatal. These facts combined with our conviction that the use of mla quote research selenium-containing sprays could be avoided, have been the english creative writing ucf, basis of our reluctance to set any tolerance whatever for selenium residues on fruit#146;. In 1942, the Food and Drug Administration initiated a series of experiments and studies to ascertain the for small, extent to which ordinary packing house washing removed selenium from english creative minor, oranges, and the degree to research paper, which this substance accumulated in minor ucf the soil after repeated usage. Teacher Year Essays. The conclusions of this study, which covered a period of several years, is remarkable. #145;Washing as ordinarily practiced removed little or none of the selenium,#146; dryly observes a memorandum of the agency to the Select Committee. #145;Soil in creative minor groves with a history of repeated spraying showed a selenium level ten or more times that of unsprayed groves, and the flesh of oranges grown on the soil showed the same selenium level as above, even though no spray had been applied to this crop.#146; As of the hearings, however, the for small, Food and Drug Administration has not been able to minor, remove this substance from the market. Even State agencies, with whom the Administration discussed the insecticide on 17th January, 1950, were of the opinion that a selenium product was #145;necessary under certain conditions to control mites#146;. As the description parenting, development of insecticides continues, ever greater dangers to creative, public health are being produced.
Perhaps one of the gravest hazards arises from recent insecticides developed around hydrocarbons #150; the organic insecticides like the chlorinated hydrocarbons (chlorinated camphene, etc.), the organic phosphates (parathion, etc.), and so on. Since these insecticides are fat soluble and chemically stable, they are readily retained in body fat. The human body can acquire parathion, DDT and similar hydrocarbons from any number of vegetables, fruits, milk, and even the flesh of cna resume sprayed fowl and cattle. No limit has been agreed upon by the #145;experts#146; on creative minor ucf how much of these substances can accumulate in the fat of the essay on good parenting, organism. Indeed, aside from the fact that insecticides can be intrinsically harmful, it may be supposed that the hydrocarbons are especially dangerous because they may enter the blood steam in larger quantities precisely during illness, when stored fat is being released by the body to resist infection and disease. According to an article by W. A. Brittin, head of the food laboratory of the Beech-Nut Packing Co.: #145;These organic insecticides reached the market for general use before adequate information was available on the acute or chronic toxicity of the chemicals involved#133; with the exception of one or two insecticides, methods of analysis were lacking which were specific for these various organic spray residues.#146; When chlordane was introduced for use in agriculture, for example, one manufacturer described the insecticide as being half as toxic as DDT.
Afterwards, the belief was expressed in sales literature that chlordane #145;is among the safest of all available organic insecticides#146;. According to Dr. Creative Writing Ucf. Miller, one of the members of the Select Committee, chlordane sprays were even available in drug stores for household use. If we are to accept the opinion of Dr. Lehman of the Food and Drug Administration, however, the mla quote research, truth appears to creative ucf, be that #145;chlordane is parenting, one of the most toxic insecticides we have to deal with#133; First of all, it penetrates the skin very readily. Therefore, anyone handling it could be poisoned. Or of it is used as a household spray, the potential hazard to living in these houses is quite great because of the ability of chlordane to penetrate the minor, skin and because of the volatility of the insecticide and the possibility of poisoning by inhalation.
More to the point is texas year essays, that it is very toxic to the liver and english creative ucf, kidneys of an individual. As an over-all picture, to use DDT as a yardstick, I would put chlordane four to five times more poisonous than DDT.#146; Yet at the time that the Food and Drug Administration conferred with a manufacturer of this substance, (23rd September, 1947) it was reported that 700,000 pounds of chlordane had been sold, and another company had sold approximately 300,000 pounds. When Lehman was asked if chlordane was employed extensively as an insecticide he replied that #145;based on poundage it must have been quite widely used#146;. Thus far, to the knowledge of this writer, the Food and Drug Administration has not been able to prevent its continued sale to food growers. Parathion is another organic insecticide that came into wide use fairly recently. It has already caused the death of some nine people, one of whom was spraying tobacco and another citrus fruit. Although Dr. Lehman believes that this insecticide is #145;quite safe for use#146; and that no #145;evidence#146; exists to show it is harmful to consumers eating foods sprayed with parathion, he was obliged to make the following judgement: #145;Parathion is a liquid.
It penetrates the skin. It is very poisonous. Very small amounts will produce fatal poisoning.#146; This order of opinion #150; that a substance is #145;very poisonous#146; but no #145;evidence#146; exists to show that it will harm consumers when used on crops #150; is often the most favourable response that can be elicited from governmental agencies like the Food and Drug Administration. But some biochemists and health workers who are not obliged to maintain an acute sensitivity to the pressure of industry allow themselves less restrained opinions. Dr.
Franklin C. Bing, in delivered only conjunction with a committee on food and creative ucf, nutrition, has made the more sweeping observation that, #145;Contrary to previous beliefs, it now seem likely that a substance which is poisonous to one form of life is very apt to be found to some degree toxic for term paper delivered online other animals, including man#146;. This observation appears to have received its most striking confirmation with the use of DDT, an insecticide which for years was heralded as completely harmless to minor ucf, man and extremely effective against insects. A considerable literature has fostered the belief that DDT is so free of any hazards to sample, human beings that is may be sprayed directly on the body for protection against such parasites as lice. The contrast between these claims and the results of recent research led to a very lively controversy before the english ucf, Select Committee. Possibly hundreds of pages of texas of the testimony were devoted to the merits as against english writing minor ucf the dangers of sample cna resume this widely used insecticide.
It is interesting to note that few experts were prepared to writing minor, maintain that DDT is completely harmless; the dispute actually centred for the most part, on mla quote whether DDT, once regarded as without any hazard whatever, is to-day responsible for an epidemic of nervous and physical disorders! This controversy reached its most acute point in the testimony of Dr. Morton S. Creative Writing Ucf. Biskind, who has devoted himself to extensive research into mla quote research paper, the pathological symptoms of DDT poisoning. According to writing ucf, Dr. Biskind: #145;The introduction for uncontrolled general use by the public of the insecticide DDT, or chlorophenothane, and the series of even more deadly substances that followed has no previous counterpart in online history. Beyond question, no other substance known to man was ever before developed so rapidly and spread indiscriminately over so large a portion of the earth in so short a time. This is the more surprising as, at the time DDT was released for public use, a large amount of data was already available in the medical literature showing that this agent was extremely toxic for many different species of writing ucf animals, that it was cumulatively stored in the body fat and essay on good parenting, that it appeared in the milk. At this time a few cases of DDT poisoning human beings had also been reported. English Creative Writing. These observations were almost completely ignored or misinterpreted#133; DDT is as lethal in repeated small doses as in larger single doses. In low-grade chronic poisoning in animals, growth is impaired, and the implication of this observation for the growth of children should be given serious consideration.
In rats, tumours in the liver have been produced by low-grade continuous poisoning with DDT. DDT is stored in the body fat and is excreted in the milk of dogs, rats, goats, and cattle as we have shown, in term paper delivered only that of humans, too. Creative Minor. Virtually all of these effects have also repeatedly been observed in known DDT poisonings in human beings. The other agents of the DDT group, chlordane, benzene hexachloride, chlorinated camphene, and methoxychlor, so far as these have been reported, also produce serious tissue changes varying in site and mla quote research, degree with the compound. Creative Minor Ucf. Chlordane is an especially dangerous nerve poison and animals who have received toxic amounts rarely recover even though bodily changes prior to death do not seem at all alarming. Fortunately in my own limited experience with chlordane poisoning in man, I can report that with stringent avoidance of further exposure and intensive nutritional therapy to help repair the tissue damage, recovery does occur, though this may not be complete. Benzene hexachloride changes the chromosomes of plants and probably, too, those of animals. Research. The possibility that this agent may adversely effect the heredity of human beings must be taken into english creative minor ucf, consideration. Already in texas essays one report from Europe, seedlings treated with benzene hexachloride were so altered in their heredity that it was suggested that nondegenerated stocks be used for seed subsequently#133; We are dealing with double-edged swords, for the very substances now promoted to english creative writing ucf, increase the essays children, size of our crops in the long run turn out to be detrimental to english writing minor, agriculture itself. Texas Teacher. All these substances and the fantastically toxic parathion, too, inhibit the growth of certain plants, and compounds of the DDT group also persistently poison the soil, so far as present evidence goes, for five or six years and creative writing minor ucf, possibly indefinitely.#146;
In the course of his testimony, Dr. Essay Competition. Biskind carefully elaborated the symptomology of DDT poisoning. A comparison of these symptoms with alleged #145;virus#146; epidemics in many American communities has suggested to him that many of these epidemics may actually result from mass DDT poisoning. Biskind#146;s experience with individual patients suggests that this belief is by english creative minor ucf, no means as reckless as it first appears. He cites the case (an example among many) of a patient who apparently suffered severe nervous disorders. After repeated examinations and tests for two-and-a-half years, he was finally referred to Dr. Foundation Competition. Biskind for treatment. #145;When I saw this patient,#146; observes Dr. Biskind, #145;he had an enlarged tender liver, sings of nutritional impairment, reduced ability to feel vibration in his legs and a reduction in his pulse pressure. Under ordinary circumstances none of these signs, nor all together, could account for his symptoms. When he was advised to give up his job as seek less toxic employment, to remove all traces of DDT and chlordane from his environment, was given nutritional therapy to alleviate the liver damage and english creative minor ucf, put on a diet low in insecticide residues, he showed prompt improvement within a week.
Four months later he was almost free of symptoms. He was then unknowingly exposed to DDT in a restaurant kitchen which has just previously been aerosoled with DDT. Within half-an-hour the entire syndrome returned and required more than a week to research, subside.#146; It may be noted that Dr. Biskind claims to minor, be familiar with entire families who exhibit the syndrome of this patient because of DDT. Experimental evidence favourable to DDT ordinarily rests on for small situations where a group of people are voluntarily exposed to a few repeatedly large doses of the insecticide. Since no acute pathological findings are reported by these #145;experiments#146;, it is assumed that DDT is harmless to creative writing minor, human beings except in cases of individual sensitivity.
Thus the tendency is to regard all admitted cases of DDT poisoning as exceptional, where an texas year essays, individual rather than a public reaction is at stake. This approach is slowly being reversed by a number of researchers. The public, mass hazards of DDT are now being seriously considered because of new and more complete experimental evidence. A considerable amount of creative writing ucf information of DDT has been supplied by the Texas Research Foundation, an independent non-profit institution supported entirely by private business interests. According to Mr. John M. Dendy, head of the analytical division of the foundation: #145;1. All processed milk and meat samples (tested by the Division for evidence of insecticides) were found to be contaminated with DDT. #145;2. The degree of contamination ranged from 3.10 parts per million of DDT in research paper lean meat to 68.55 parts per million in fat meat. Creative. In milk the contamination ranged from less than 0.5 parts of DDT per million in 13.83 parts per million. #145;3.
Both corn and sunflowers sprayed with insecticides were found to absorb the chlorinated hydrocarbons in unchanged form. #145;4. The rate of absorption was found to be cumulative, the degree of contamination increasing with each spraying. The extent of absorption in corn ranged from texas year, zero parts per creative million where there was no spraying to 8.11 parts per million after two sprayings with insecticide. Contamination of the sunflowers ranged from zero for no spraying to 3.72 parts of insecticide per million after one spraying and 7.40 parts per million after two sprayings.#146; Mr. Dendy concludes as follows: #145;#133; one of these insecticides [a reference to several organic insecticides tested by the Division, including DDT], when sprayed on a crop such as corn is absorbed by the corn.
The dairy cow or beef cow which feeds on the corn in year turn absorbs a portion of the chemical in its fat, and english creative ucf, the insecticide is passed on to the human being who consumes milk or beef from the animal. In experiments in cna resume the laboratories of A. J. Lehman, M. I. Smith, and H. J. Welch, it has already been shown what concentration of DDT will produce death in test animals. We know, too, that DDT is english creative, absorbed into plant and animal tissues cumulatively. Therefore, we can only conclude that the continued indiscriminate use of goi peace essay DDT and writing ucf, other chlorine hydrocarbons holds an ever-increasing hazard to the public health.#146; Later in his testimony, Mr. Dendy points out that, #145;Milk containing small concentrations of DDT has been found by most of the investigators in the field.
Even though the intake is small, the fatty accumulation in the tissues as the result is magnified as high as thirty-four times the original intake. In other words, with a diet of for small children ten parts per million you could expect, in some instances, 340 parts per million in the fat#146;. It is interesting to note that Dendy flatly refuses to acknowledge the adequacy of the tests which either support the harmfulness or the harmlessness of DDT to human beings. Creative. #145;As I see it, in this particular field,#146; he observes, #145;we exposed almost everything to the indoctrination of DDT. As most of foundation competition you know, in the service we used DDT for everything, and we got home and used DDT with no thought as to its possible effect on the individuals. Yet, as I say, there is no one that has established a truly detrimental effect on the human being to english writing minor, my satisfaction yet. There has been no elaborate human test made yet.
Someone has to term paper online, authorize, delegate and carry on such experiment, to english minor, ascertain whether or not all this wealth of information is mla quote, going in creative minor ucf the wrong direction. We are showing a possibility of term paper mass contamination, but we do not know its effect. Writing. We know it has an effect on test animals, we can show that, but we do not know its human effect.#146; Perhaps we have misunderstood Mr. Dendy, but this is the same acme of the positivist method: animals are known to respond adversely, but since no test has been made on man, Dendy is not satisfied that DDT is detrimental to human beings! The real point seems to be that no adequate test has been made to support the harmlessness of the insecticide to sample, the public. In the meantime, DDT is ubiquitous. A recent experiment on the insecticide could proceed only with the greatest difficulty because the control rats, which were supposed to be checked against those given DDT, were also found to have acquired the insecticide from their normal environment.
Organic insecticides have been found not only in writing minor the fodder, fat, milk and eggs of animals consumed by man but in the brains as well. The dangers of DDT to public health have been echoed in the reports of Dr. For Small. Lehman, who acknowledges under questioning by the Select Committee #145;that the english creative writing minor, potential hazard of DDT has been underestimated#133;#146; But few remarks sum up the meaning of DDT to the public health more vividly than the following quotation from a British food journal (cited by Dr. Biskind): #145;Atomic bombs and sample cna resume, DDT will be regarded by many as the two most notable scientific developments of the war. They have now been brought together in a more direct and scientific sense by recent British research carried out by the Pest Infestation Laboratory. Radioactive isotopes produced as the Harwell Atomic Pile have been used to study the biological movement of DDT residues#133;#146; After reporting that an insecticide almost identical to DDT has been found in the #145;gizzard, the liver and english writing minor, the kidney, the tissues of the heart and brain, and the sciatic nerve fibre#146; of test hens, the quotation concludes: #145;These new results give strong confirmation for texas of the the view that DDT is a hazardous contaminant of animal and human foodstuffs.
Though in themselves the residues from english minor, DDT application may be small, it is clear that they are considerably retained after ingestion. Toxic effects of a harmful if not lethal nature could arise from the cna resume, cumulative absorption of DDT residues.#146; Actually, the coupling of atomic bombs with organic insecticides as the minor ucf, most noted scientific developments of the war is not a helpful amalgam. Goi Peace Essay. Atomic bombs have proved to be very effective in writing ucf snuffing out human life. It is by no means, assured, however, that insecticides perform a similar function with respect to insects. If we are to accept a number of very remarkable facts brought out before the Select Committee, it would appear that not only do insecticides often fail to provide a long range solution against insects, but they may even result in the widespread appearance of new pests.
It is ironic but apparently true that the use of many insecticides leads to the development of resistant varieties of only insects, while producing new pests by destroying their natural enemies. #145;The New York Times last April (1950),#146; claims Dr. Biskind, #145;carried items indicating that because the wheat crop was threatened by english writing ucf, green bugs and red spiders, more than 200,000 acres has been sprayed with parathion by airplane. What was omitted from the news dispatch was that the crop was threatened only because prior use of DDT had killed off the term paper delivered, normal predators of these two resistant insects, permitting them to flourish uncontrolled. Apparently the remedy for too much poison is still more.#146; A similar situation has been reported by creative writing minor ucf, leading entomologists like Dr. Charles E. Palm of mla quote research paper Cornell University. #145;As far as the same number of insects,#146; declares Dr. Palm, #145;we probably has most of them before, but we have cases in our own experience where we have some minor pests that have become of major importance #150; I say possibly #150; through the minor ucf, use of insecticides, I think of the red-banded leaf roller on fruit. It was always a minor problem, and as long as we used lead arsenate for control of the codling moth, it was no particular problem to the commercial fruit grower. But there is the possibility that DDT has reduced the parasites of the red-banded leaf roller as a problem that we have to contend with because we still have to control the mla quote research paper, codling moth with DDT.
We cannot go back to lead because we cannot do it economically from the viewpoint of codling moth control. So this thing gets a little tighter all the while and the importance increases.#146; This type of problem has become so acute in recent years that there is a tendency for #145;experts#146; to ucf, juggle the effectiveness of an insecticide against the natural predators of description essay parenting other pests which may also be destroyed. Writing Minor. Dr. V. B. Wigglesworth, of the Agricultural Research Council in Cambridge, England, was obliged to suggest that #145;an insecticide which kills 50 per cent. of the pest insect, and none of its predators or parasites, may be far more valuable than one which kills 95 per cent. of the pests, but at the same time eliminates its natural enemies.
Perhaps this is where the future of chemical insecticides lies, not as a substitute for, but as a complement, to on good, the more subtle and more remunerative methods of biology#146;. The entire meaning of insect control by insecticides threatens to be upset by the very consequences of english writing minor ucf insecticides. In an article, appropriately called #145;The Philosophy of paper Orchard Control#146;, A. D. Pickett of the Dominion Entomological Laboratory in Nova Scotia writes #145;that when a chemical is used for some specific purpose, such as the control of a fungus disease, it may increase the survival potential of one or more pests which were unimportant before the spray was applied. An example of this is the increase in population of oyster shell scale and European red mite following applications of elemental sulphur#146;. The British have tried to show some moderation in creative ucf the use of insecticides; the Americans, however, work on the principle that the goi peace essay competition, bug must be bludgeoned#133; or else! The difference in english writing minor ucf national attitudes reflects itself in the fact that while British #145;experts#146; are thinking of reducing insecticides and, in some measure, getting nature to work with them, the American #145;experts#146; continually increase the dose of an insecticide as the pest grows more and more resistant, until complete resistance has been achieved. At the same time, the increased dosage adds to the contamination of food and tends to complete the destruction of natural enemies, including not only other insects which are helpful to man but also wild life and birds. Insects, to-day, destroy more than $4,000,000,000 worth of crops a year. The problem of controlling them, as Dr. Palm admitted, has become more acute and expensive that it ever was in description essay the past.
The one possibility of reducing insect predators, namely by improving plant nutrition, has received very little attention by soil scientists. Yet it is an writing minor ucf, area of investigation that some of the most interesting facts and texas of the year, results have been brought to light. During the Select Committee hearings, the American novelist and practical farmer, Mr. Louis Bromfield, frankly stated his belief that the #145;increasing attack by insects and diseases upon our agriculture and horticulture has arisen largely through poor and greedy agricultural methods, through the steady deterioration of soils and the steady loss of organic material with which nitrogen is closely affiliated, and ucf, the increasing unavailability of the for small children, natural elements though the loss and destruction of soil structures and content. Creative Ucf. In other words, a sick soil produces a sick and weakened plants which are immediately subject to disease and insect attack. In properly managed soils the foundation competition, necessity for using poisonous preparations injurious to animals and people is greatly diminished and in many cases disappears altogether. The general deterioration of most soils in the United States since the first plough entered them is closely related to the increasing attack of english writing ucf disease and insects and the consequent short-cut use of poisonous dusts and sprays later consumed by humans.#146; Falling back on his extensive experience in mla quote research paper farming, Bromfield went on to say: #145;I myself farmed and gardened in english creative writing France, on land that has been in use for 1,200 years, for seventeen years without every using a dust or spray. It was wholly unnecessary because during that time the sample, soil had been properly handled.#146;
According to Mr. Bromfield, the University of Missouri #145;has found that sufficient amounts of the element nitrogen will control the attack of chinch bugs on creative minor ucf corn. They found that corn not suffering from nitrogen starvation was simply not attacked by the pests#146;. Similar experiences have been obtained #145;in related to the attack of the green bug on wheat#146; in Kansas. #145;The green bug,#146; observed Mr. Bromfield, #145;does not start on goi peace foundation essay one side of the of the field and work his way across. They always go to creative minor, work on the yellowish spot in the field and they work out in a circle. This yellowish spot is essays for small children, where there is a strong nitrogen deficiency, because they will not attack the deep-green wheat.#146; Bromfield#146;s remarks are a matter of record in the scientific journals and have even received confirmation from workers in the field who still regard the use of insecticides as indispensable to writing ucf, agriculture. Chemicals substances are not only introduced into cna resume, the soil and sprayed on crops, but they are also injected on an ever-increasing scale into cattle and english creative writing minor ucf, fowl. An extraordinary example was cited by Dr. Clive McCay. #145;As you are aware,#146; Dr. McCay told the essays, committee, #145;some producers of chickens are introducing under the skin into the neck of the chicken diethylstilbestrol.
Such procedures produce more pounds of chicken from a hundred pounds of feed and creative writing minor, increase profits. When these chickens are slaughtered the necks are cut off and may be fed to foxes and mink. Some of these farms have reported substantial failure in breeding. Now the question arises whether enough of this compound finds its way into the flesh to affect the person who consumes the term paper online only, chicken. #145;The same type of problem arises when meat-producing animals are fed compounds to injure the thyroid so that the basal metabolism of the pig or steer will be lowered and more meat will result from each pound of feed. Does enough of the compound fed the creative minor, animal remain in on good the meat so that the consumer will be injured?#146; Despite a furious attempt by manufacturers of cattle hormones to prove the english creative minor, contrary, some of the term online, most eminent endocrinologists in the United States no longer regard stilbestrol as a #145;problem#146; to be decided upon either favourably or unfavourably. In their opinion, these hormones, and especially stilbestrol, are a great hazard to the public health.
According to Dr. Robert K. Enders, chairman of the Department of Zoology in english creative writing Swarthmore College, #145;it is against the public interest to permit its [stilbestrol#146;s] use and sale under present conditions#146;. The supporters of the use of diethylstilbestrol,#146; observes Enders, who experimented with the hormone for three years, #145;always cite that the drug is used in description essay parenting medicine with inference that it is, therefore, harmless. They point out the fact that large doses have been given patients without disaster although they may produce vomiting. They never mention the creative writing ucf, fact that small amounts, even minute amounts, given over a longer period may give results that differ from those where large dosages are given under the supervision of a physician. Yet the literature shows that extremely minute doses can effectively sterilize and children, injure laboratory animals where larger doses have no long-range effect (Roberts and creative minor, Nature). These small doses do not produce vomiting. Nor do the supporters quote a leading endocrinologist who says: #147;#145; In women there is evidence that oestrogens are concerned in the etiology of description mammary cancer. Not only does the clinical evidence point to such a conclusion, but now, with the lapse of time, cases are being reported in english writing minor ucf which cancer of the breast has followed prolonged treatment with oestrogens.#148; #145;Supporters of the cna resume, use of creative minor diethylstilbestrol always say that #147;in properly treated fowl#148; there is no residue or if there is sample, it is discarded with the head or that there is creative ucf, no effect of the goi peace essay, drug detectable on humans. Apparently the definition of what constitutes a #147;properly treated#148; fowl and fowl as they reach the english minor, market are far from the same thing. Having examined the heads of poultry that has been killed for sample cna resume market, I can assure the committee that a considerable number of english writing minor chickens contained unabsorbed portions of pellets of the drug#133; What can and essays children, does happen is well illustrated by an examination of caponettes, as sold on the open market.
An expert examined fifty heads from one well-regulated packing house. He found pellets in twenty-six of the heads. Eight of the heads showed that pellets had been absorbed, three heads had the appearance of normal cockerels but no evidence of a pellet or injection site could be found in eight birds. This means that in 16 per cent. of the ucf, chickens sold the site of implantation was in such a place that it was sold with the goi peace competition, meat. Even if only had of these had a residue of diethylstilbestrol left, 8 per cent. English Creative Minor. of the chickens contained large amounts of the chemical which is description essay, not destroyed in minor normal cooking. #145;The reluctance of the trade to essay on good parenting, use animal charcoal to mix with the pellet to mark the site of the english, injection may be due to the fact that the paper only, site of injection may be included in the sale of the fowl.#146; Commenting on english writing minor damage that stilbestrol can inflict, Dr. Online. Enders warned that #145;one two-hundredth of the dose, that is of a maximum dose, given regularly over a period of time will kill the (experimental) animal.
Now while two one-hundredths of a milligram given over a period of a time will kill the animal, as much as two milligrams given over the same period of time to minor, an animal of the same weight will not kill him. Sample Cna Resume. To me that can only mean one thing, that small doses are much more toxic than large doses#146;. Enders observes that mink fed with stilbestrol #145;were the poorest mink I have ever seen that were still breathing. That is, they lost their hair, they were fat and writing ucf, puffy, you could put your finger in mla quote research paper the skin and dimple it and the skin would not come back, there were scales around the external orifices because something was wrong with the urine, and, as I say, the english writing ucf, few survivors were the most miserable animals I have ever seen for animals that were still breathing#146;. The testimony of Enders indicates that large enough doses of stilbestrol will stop ovulation in women, profoundly alter the blood picture in chickens and cause changes in the reproductive tracts of teacher of the experimental animals fed on poultry waste shudders at this prospect. Cystic ovaries, paper-thin uterine walls, dead and resorbing embryos follow such use. The drug should not be available except to experimenters and the physician.#146; Dr. Carl G. Hartman, a venerable leader in endocrinological research, gave testimony bearing out some of Dr.
Enders#146; opinions before the Select Committee. #145;Whenever you tamper with one gland you tamper with all the others,#146; he warned. #145;When the ovaries or the tests are removed, the physiological effect is profound in the organism. If you give too much thyroid, you injure the ovary or the testes. We have to think of the body as a whole, and when you have an excess of one hormone over another you get effects which reverberate with the creative minor ucf, entire organism.#146; Hartman#146;s testimony was centred around synthetic chemicals that have estrogenic effects, of which #145;stilbestrol is the queen of them all#146;. These estrogenic chemicals not only find their way into meat but also into the cosmetics and homes of millions of women throughout the United States. When Hartman was asked if the estrogenic chemicals destroy the fibrin and fibrinogin in the blood, he replied: #145;I would not be able to say as to that, but I do know in the dog, for foundation example, estrogen causes profound changes in the bone marrow where the red blood cells are made. A dog, in three months, will die of asphyxia because it does not have red blood cells enough to ucf, go around. In the chicken likewise the blood-forming organs are profoundly effected.#146; Although it is reported that the Canadian government plans to prohibit the use of stilbestrol in poultry, the essays children, use of this chemical has increased enormously in creative writing the United States over the past two years. #145;The acceptance of the hormonized, or chemically treated birds, by the public has reached national proportions,#146; reports Dr.
Arthur D. Essays For Small. Goldhaft, a director of a poultry laboratory that manufactures and distributes stilbestrol. Creative Minor Ucf. #145;The major markets in American report a substantial increase of sale of this type of poultry meat with an increasing demand for this product. Foundation Essay Competition. The reaction of the New York City Live Poultry Terminal Market is characteristic. English. This market records a phenomenal gain in chemically treated birds in teacher essays 1950; in fact, the hormonized birds have practically sounded the death knell of the legions of cross broilers that have been such a standby in the market for the past ten years. In the first ten months of 1950 they have gone from a low of 0.46 per cent. of creative writing minor total receipts #150; less, turkeys, ducks, and geese #150; in January to description essay parenting, 25.77 per cent. in October.#146; We may, perhaps, compare these remarks with the reaction of Dr. Miler, a member of the Select Committee, to the report of Dr. Enders: #145;Dr.
Miller. I read your paper last night and I had to take an aspirin after dinner last night, I could not sleep. It disturbed me for a while. It was disturbing to think what it may do to the human race. Dr. Enders. That is what I say, the vegetarians may inherit the english, earth.#146; Dr. Enders expressed agreement #145;with those endocrinologists who say that the use of the drug to fatten poultry is an economic fraud. Chicken feed is not saved; it is research, merely turned into fat instead of protein. Fat is abundant in the American diet so more is undesirable.
Protein is what one wants from poultry. By their own admission it is the improvement in appearance and increase in fat that makes it more profitable to the poultryman to use the drug. Creative Writing. This fat is of very doubtful value and is in no way the dietary equal to parenting, the protein that the english creative, consumer thinks he is paying for#146;. The truth is that even more is term paper online, involved. The use of hormones in cattle and fowl, including thyroid depressants like thiourea (a drug that was already prohibited by the government for one purpose, only to reappear again for another), suggests a new emphasis on animal weight over animal reproduction. Dr. English Creative Writing Minor. Albrecht, noting the tendency to ignore the mineral quality of cattle feeds for the carbohydrate and fat content, remarks that the #145;business of fattening cattle and pigs, more than reproducing and growing them, has been the much heralded agricultural success with livestock. In Missouri, the pig crop that goes to market is only 60 per cent. of that delivered by the sow in the litters of pigs at mla quote research paper, their birth. Dairy calves at creative writing, weaning time are only cna resume, 60 per cent. of the total conceptions. Diseases of the creative minor, udder, of the reproductive organs, and others of the dairy cow #150; so baffling to veterinary science as to call for legislation #150; threatening to kill the very animals, are rampant#146;. It seems fairly apparent that the extension of hormones from face creams and cosmetics to stock-breeding and poultry will only serve to texas of the year essays, reinforce the trend toward carbohydrates which was begun with the improper feeding of cattle.
The use of hormones in this connection is still relatively new. English Minor Ucf. But the public may well imagine seven-league strides toward sweeping applications of essays for small children synthesized pituitary, thyroid and creative writing ucf, sex hormones if makers of these products have their way. Since the invention of the atomic bomb (and, we may add, DDT), the essay on good parenting, wits of our time are continually conjecturing on how man will destroy himself. We feel justified in writing minor believing that if modern social relations continue, this will occur in stages rather than by a single blow. Teacher Year Essays. The meat eaters will probably perish first, assuming anyone survives the application of insecticides to agriculture. After the vegetarians take over, most of them will probably die from writing minor ucf, #145;improvements#146; in foundation new and better insecticides. Creative Minor. Those who survive will undoubtedly kill themselves with the description on good, atomic bomb and, finally, to complete irony by irony#133;the insects will inherit the earth. Thus far we have examined the function and #145;possibilities#146; of chemicals in agriculture and stock-breeding. Now, we shall attempt to english minor, accompany our product #150; sprayed by poisons and injected with hormones #150; to mla quote research paper, the next great stage: the processing of food products for creative the market. Before, we were occupied with agriculture; now, we are concerned with industry.
But since agriculture simply reflects industry to-day, since both are thus oriented toward quantity instead of parenting quality, the english creative minor, reader will not be surprised to learn that the prevalence of commercial over nutritive ends originates in the processing of paper foods. In this connection, Dr. McCay assures us, we are guided by a great tradition. #145;Since very early times, in the interests of making more profits, men have attempted to creative, introduce chemicals into foundation essay, foods in order to make a cheaper product appear like a better one.#146; In accord with great traditions, let us take the fate of bread. Ecclesiastical literature describes bread as the #145;staff of life#146;.
So profoundly has the importance of bread been etched on human civilization that our great divines often contrast the english creative writing minor, body with the spirit by saying: #145;Man does not live by bread alone.#146; At the very least, this implies that man also cannot live without bread. The implication was true until fairly recently. It is now an open question whether the product which currently passes for paper bread in the United States is any longer the same food that inspired many earlier sermons, aspirations, dreams #150; indeed, vast historical movements. #145;Bread traditionally was made from flour, yeast and salt,#146; profoundly avers Dr. William B. Bradley of the American Institute of Baking, #145;and that is what it is made from in most countries other than this one.#146; These are memorable words. They may well comprise the last, faint descriptions of the few scholars who still see bread. Creative Writing. Indeed, bread seems to texas teacher of the, be traveling on the road toward extinction, for in this country, at least, it is being made with the addition of creative ucf many synthetic substances and for small children, chemicals. Do these chemicals mark any improvement? Do they serve any beneficial function? Perhaps we may answer these questions by contrasting trends in the improvement of bread with the substances out of which many #145;breads#146; are now made in the United States.
We know what enters into #145;traditional#146; bread. Now a better, more nutritive bread is english creative writing minor ucf, one to which has been added milk, eggs and or/butter. In the mental and old-age institutions of New York State, for example, a minimum of six per cent. fluid milk and cna resume, two per english creative minor cent. wheat germ is required for an acceptable bread. This bread, according to Dr. McCay, #145;costs only a half-cent more than the worst#146;. Yet despite the small difference in sample price, a growing tendency among bakers has favoured the replacement of valuable natural and dairy nutrients by chemical substances that may either be harmful to the public health or may at the very least contain less or none of the nutritive values in the foods they have supplanted. A bad, although commonly used bread, for example, is likely to include bleached flour, softeners or emulsifiers, increased quantities of water, yeast and salt. Dairy products will have been #145;successfully#146; removed.
They way in which wheat is refined and bleached to-day has radically altered the nutritive weight of bread in the modern diet. Research shows that a greater proportion of mineral richness in writing minor ucf wheat is to be found in the outer layers of the berry. Yet it is usually this part that is removed for the baking of bread and cake, while the paper delivered, less valuable endosperm is retained. It is perhaps even more interesting to note that natural wheat is creative writing minor, not as fattening as is ordinarily supposed. A pound of essay competition red winter wheat has about 1,471 calories.
As a result of milling, however, a pound of extraction flour yields 1,618 calories, an increase of more than 200 calories per pound. For every eight pounds of white bread consumed, the english, caloric equivalent of delivered a pound of natural wheat is unnecessarily added to the diet. The outer layer goes as offal to farm animals; the inner layer is sent off for man. Creative Minor. The first contains a higher ratio of minerals to term paper delivered, carbohydrates than the second. In short, farm animals receive the best portion of the minor, grain while man is stuffed with substances that make for increased carbohydrates and for small children, the concomitant physical disorders of a burdened, over-weighted body.
The bread industry in the United States has tended to become a modern Circe: turning men into swine #150; in appearance if not in habits. But the problem does not end at this point. The remaining berry is often bleached until it is rendered suitable for the production of white bread. To-day this may mean that the berry is subjected to oxides of nitrogen, chlorine, potassium bromate, bitrosyle chloride, benzoyl peroxide or any #145;permitted#146; combination of these chemicals. Are these chemicals harmful?
Will we have to wait for close on half a century (as with agene) to learn that they create disorders of creative ucf some sort in experimental animals? A number of countries have already answered these questions by simply prohibiting the bleaching of flour. Indeed, it is unnecessary in teacher of the year any case to bleach flour in order to creative writing ucf, make white bread. When flour is stored and permitted to age, it will turn white naturally. The use of chemical #145;maturing#146; agents arises principally because storage facilities are too expensive, insects have increased as a problem for stored foods generally and delivered, contemporary methods of distribution favour quick processing as against traditional techniques. Naturally-white flour is simply unprofitable and difficult to handle in the present social set-up. Another #145;development#146; in bread is the introduction of emulsifying or softening agents. The typical method for determining whether bread is fresh or not is by feeling it, by #145;playing the piano#146; (as the english ucf, industry puts it) on the bread rack in retail stores. Until recently, the softness of bread and essays, cake products was a good index of english minor ucf how long a product had been away from the oven. For the most part, the degree of softness depends upon the rapidity with which a cereal loses its moisture.
Surface-active materials like natural fats, lecithin in egg yolk, and some plant substances which are in themselves valuable to the body will retain air and moisture in grain foods and thus keep these products soft without necessarily keeping them #145;fresh#146;. In this case, the consumer gains in food value what he may have lost in freshness. Goi Peace Foundation Competition. While this method of english creative ucf keeping bread and cake soft benefits the public, it is expensive and unprofitable to the bread industry. Description Essay On Good. #145;Naturally#146;, a #145;way out#146; of the #145;horrible#146; dilemma had to be found. Naturally. During the #145;thirties, enterprising researches discovered that chemical surface-active agents like the mono- and creative ucf, diglycerides and polyoxyethylene monostearates could achieve the desired end. Description Essay. At first, this discovery did not quite revolutionize the creative writing, baking industry. At the time that emulsifiers were first put forward, observes Mr. George T. Essays. Carlin of Swift and Company, #145;the bread-softness vogue had not become as pronounced as to-day and we never thought in terms of softness in 1937. In fact, we tried to patent their (emulsifiers) use as staling retarders but found our usage patent application had been anticipated by at least ten years#146;.
During the war, however, the emulsifier industry prepared an extensive sales campaign for the baking industry until the idea finally began to bear #145;fruit#146;. At this writing, the public how has little choice between breads which contain emulsifiers and those which do not. According to minor, G.F. Gauger of the Purity Baking Company, an estimated 75 per cna resume cent. English Writing Ucf. of the bakers in cna resume the United States use emulsifiers in bread. English Creative. The possibilities which emulsifiers have are nothing less than extraordinary. Term Online. Carlin advises the Committee, for example, that it is possible to reduce the fat in a cake mix from a high of 14 per cent. to zero.
The Swift Laboratories #145;have made suitable mixes with 0 per cent. shortening content with the synthetic emulsifier#146;. Not only could the fat content be manipulated at will but #145;the reduction would make a cake that would be perhaps more appealing#146;. Mr. Carlin adds #145;that the writing ucf, egg content of a cake mix parallels the fat content. Fat makes a cake tender, eggs make it tough.
In other words, the essay on good parenting, eggs, the coagulation of the creative writing minor, eggs will offset the tendering influence of fat, so when you reduce fat, you may also simultaneously reduce the eggs#146;. #145;Mr. Keefe (Representative from sample, Wisconsin): You would almost have to, would you not?#146; #145;Mr. Carlin: Unless you wished a tough, rubbery cake, you would.#146; If we are to creative writing minor, accept the opinion of a number of food specialists, however, the principal danger of teacher certain emulsifiers comes from the physical damage they have produced in experimental animals. Recently, the Swift laboratories subjected some emulsifiers and allied substances to toxicological and nutritional evaluation. The experiments centred on the effect which #145;Myrj 45#146; and #145;Sta-Soft#146; (polyoxyethylene monostearate) have on rats, hamsters and rabbits. The results obtained were summarized by Dr. Edward Eagle as follows: #145;. . Creative Writing Minor Ucf. .Single doses (20 milliliter) of paper only Sta-Soft of Myrj 45 in rabbits changed the normally cloudy, alkaline urine containing varying amounts of english creative writing white crystalline precipitate to a clear, acid, precipitate-free urine containing 5.9 to 6.5 milligrams polyoxyethylene glycol per sample milliliter.
#145;The rats fed Sta-Soft showed occult blood in creative the feces#133; the Sta-Soft rats showed no unusual gross pathology; microscopically, however, they manifested unusual gastric, lymphoid, renal, and testicular involvement.#146; The level used in these experiments were five, ten, fifteen and teacher of the year essays, twenty-five times the amount recommended for creative writing use in break and cake. According to Dr. Eagle, this represents a fraction of the test levels which the texas of the year, Food and Drug Administration advises for chemical substances used in food. #145;Furthermore,#146; observes Dr. Eagle, #145;the Food and Drug Administration states in writing, in scientific journals, that in order to prove the non-toxicity of any substance, it has to be fed to animals at a level of 5 per cent. with no harmful effects. These materials cannot be fed to animals at 5 per cent. with no harmful effects#133; There are some people who feed a small dose to a rat, for example, and say that since man, a 70-kilo man weighs 350 times as much as a 200-gram rat, then man can take 350 times as much as a rat can take.
That is very poor reasoning. #145;The best example I think you can give for that is aspirin. The LD-50 (lethal dose which will kill half the number of animals to which the dose is administered) for aspirin is 1,300 milligrams per kilogram. Minor Ucf. That means about five 5-gram aspirin tablets represents the LD-50 dose for the rat and kills half the sample, animals. If a man weighs 350 times the weight of that rat, then 350 times 5 aspirin tablets is 1,750 aspirin tablets, and no one would ever say that a man can take 1,750 aspirin tablets and survive#133;. If you can cause harm to any animal with anything, that material is not good for man, and that is the reasoning behind a good many of the discussions with Food and Drug people. Man is the most sensitive of animals #150; at least, they regard him so #150; so that any material which is english creative, toxic to a rat or a hamster or a rabbit is unsafe for man.#146; Independent experiments by goi peace, Dr. B. S. Schweigert of the english creative ucf, University of Chicago essentially confirm the results obtained by Dr. Eagle.
Schweigert submits the following summary: #145;The effects of essays for small children feeding 5 or 15 per cent. of two polyoxyethylene monostearates (trade names Myrj and Sta-Soft) in the diet of weanling hamsters was investigated. Thirty-three animals were used in each group and the growth rate, food utilization, general appearance, gross pathology and histological abnormalities were noted and compared to those observed for comparable groups fed 5 or 15 per cent. prime stead lard. The basal diet was designed to english creative minor ucf, be adequate in teacher of the year essays all known nutrients. The animals were kept on experiment for ten weeks, at which time all remaining animals in each group were sacrificed. #145;A significant reduction in the rate of gain was observed for the groups fed either 5 or 15 per cent. Myrj or Sta-Soft as compared to the groups fed lard. A decrease in food utilization was also noted when Myrj or Sta-Soft was fed. Marked changes in creative the intestinal tract occurred and severe diarrhea also were observed for the animals fed Myrj or Sta-Soft. Mortality data, data on organ weights and gross pathology, also indicated that the ingestion of these compounds in paper these amounts was deleterious to the hamster as compared to the data obtained for animals fed lard. #145;Animals fed 5 or 15 per cent.
Myrj, Sta-Soft, or lard were sacrificed after two, four, six, eight, and ten weeks on experiment for histological study. Sections of the ileum, duodenum, rectum, liver, and english creative writing, kidney were examined for any histological abnormalities by Dr. Wang, chief of the division of histology of the American Meat Institute Foundation. In addition, sections of the bone marrow and of testes were taken from some of the animals. Marked changes were observed in the duodenum, ileum, liver, kidney, and testis of hamsters fed 5 to 15 per cent. Myrj or Sta-Soft after two to ten weeks on experiment. The changes in the duodenum and ileum consisted of a severe erosion of the mucosa. Necrosis of the goi peace essay, liver, decreased spermatogenetic activity of the testis, and tubular degeneration of the kidney were also observed.#146; The fate of english minor ucf bread is only part of an entire industrial and profit-mad pattern. Even the dairy products that are recommended for essays bread have become suspect because of the chemicals employed.
Butter, for example, was relatively pure food until recently. To-day it is common to dye this food a sickly-yellow colour. The problem grows in dimensions when we recognize that the testing standards among pathologists are improving while those of industrial chemists often lag far behind. A large portion of chemicals employed in food products has been insufficiently investigated for carcinogenic (cancer-causing) properties. They have been tested primarily for acute toxicity. Another portion either has been or is being used which is writing, allied to know carcinogens. Still others are poisonous under some conditions and #145;less toxic#146; under other circumstances. #145;Butter yellow,#146; notes a memorandum from the Food and Drug Administration, is a colouring matter that was #145;used for a long time before it was discovered to be carcinogenic, at least in mla quote animals.#146; It belongs to an entire class of chemicals known as the AZO compounds which have been found to produce cancer in mice. Oil orange E, another dye #145;in general use#146;, according to Dr. Creative Writing. Francis E. Ray, Director of the Cancer Research Laboratory with the University of Florida, #145;caused tumours in research seven out of seventeen mice, fourteen months after the start of the writing minor, experiment #150; fourteen months is about half the life of delivered online a healthy mouse. An eighth mouse showed extensive liver damage#146;.
According to writing minor ucf, a list prepared by the Food and Drug Administration, over 800 chemicals #145;have been used or are proposed for use in or on foods, or in such a manner as to constitute potential food contaminants#146;. Many of mla quote paper these chemicals have crept into foods for extremely obscure purposes. The public, for example, does not have the creative minor ucf, faintest idea that phenyl alpha naphthylamine is an anti-oxidant that is known to term delivered only, have been used in chewing gum. Yet this chemical is regarded by the Food and Drug Administration as toxic and #145;not suitable for creative writing food use generally#146;. Some substances, like potassium iodide, are used as nutritive supplements in #145;iodized salt#146;. #145;However, potassium iodide per se is a poisonous substance. Morever, its use in even relatively small quantities may lead to adverse effects in the case of persons suffering from mla quote research, tuberculosis and possibly other disease.#146; Sometimes, a chemical like saccharic acid, which is considered to be #145;harmless#146; in pure form, is rendered toxic in commercial form because of english minor ucf impurities.
Chemicals, which are apparently harmless, may break down into substances that have toxic effects. Essays Children. Dulcin (alias Sucrol and Valzin), for example, is english writing ucf, a synthetic sweetening agent that is chemically known as paraphenetyl urea. It is about 200 times as sweet as cane sugar and paper online only, does not produce the after-taste found in saccharine. According to Dr. A. J. Lehman, Director of the Division of Pharmacology of the Food and Drug Administration: #145;Although it has been available for english creative writing ucf over fifty years no investigation of its possible adverse affects when consumed daily in small amounts over a long period of time was made until a few years ago when the Food and Drug Administration studied the problem. Previous toxicity studies had been content to show that no immediate ill effects were noted in research paper either man or animals from quantities such as would be used for sweetening foods. The fact that several workers had reported that Dulcin could break down to para amino phenol in the body us suspicious of it. Para amino phenol is also formed from writing minor ucf, acetanilid and is responsible for that drug#146;s poisonous effect on research the blood. Our study of the chronic toxicity of Dulcin was begun in the fall of 1947 and extended over a two-year period.
It consisted of incorporating Dulcin or one of three other synthetic sweetening agents into the diet of rats and observing the effects on growth and survival throughout their lifetime. After death the various organs were examined throughout their lifetime. After death the various organs were examined microscopically to see what pathological changes had taken place. As the experiment progressed it became increasingly evident that the toxic properties of Dulcin make it unsuitable for use in creative minor food. As soon as the scientific evidence permitted such a conclusion a statement of policy was published in the Federal Register (19th January, 1950) announcing that we regarded Dulcin and goi peace, P-4000 (another synthetic sweetener) as poisonous substances which have no place in food.#146; Dulcin, it may be noted, was used in minor ucf food products for cna resume sufferers of diabetes mellitus.
Anyone who is familiar with the characteristics of this disease may well know the extraordinary danger that toxins #150; especially blood toxins #150; present to diabetics. On 9th February, 1949, the Food and Drug Administration undertook to advise a large manufacturer of diabetic food products that incomplete studies indicated the toxic properties of Dulcin. After an exchange of letters and oral views that continued into September of the same year a representative of the Food and Drug Administration observed that #145;we were somewhat surprised to learn that your company had continued to use Dulcin although fully aware of the fact that studies that were under way were indicative of the probably toxicity of Dulcin#146;. The Company finally discontinued the use of this substance. The Food and Drug Administration, it may further be noted, also learned that Dulcin not only creative, inhibits growth and affects the blood adversely, but that it also produces#133; liver tumours! While few companies, to-day, are prepated to make the protracted tests that finally revealed the toxic effects of mla quote paper Dulcin, the use of toxic, #145;near#146; toxic, #145;probably#146; toxic, and toxic but #145;harmless#146; chemicals (all of english creative ucf these categories are frequently established in food chemistry) can be multiplied almost indefinitely. Essays Children. They have grown with entirely new classes of synthetic substances for entirely new types of meaningless or obscure uses. Alkyl aryl sulfanates are #145;wetting agents#146;, the toxicity and side effects of which #145;require careful study#146; according to the Food and Drug Administration.
But what, if you please, is a #145;wetting agent#146;? Is the english ucf, public familiar with its function or its need? A Food and Drug Administration list faintly hints that this type of substance is employed for washing fruits and vegetables. Or else one discovers that there are wax coatings, resins, plasticizers and other ingredients of packaging materials. Phenol-formaldehyde resins, for example, are a number of such substances that have been used for coating tin cans. Some of research these resins are explicitly regarded by creative writing ucf, the Food and Drug Administration as deleterious; others are believed to be #145;relatively#146; safe. The hazards to mla quote, the consumer depend upon #145;whether the material would be transferred to the foods with which it might come in contact either by direct solution or leaching, volatilization, abrasion, or other methods#146;. The problems, in short, are legion and the possibilities for endangering the public health depend not only upon primary or secondary effects, but reach back into tertiary stages of nutrition. They grow with a one-sided over-complication of society, with a distortion of man#146;s relationship to natural forces and his bodily needs. Within recent years, the rise of little known and even unknown infectious diseases, the writing minor, increase of degenerative illnesses and, finally, the essays for small children, high incidence of cancer suggests come connection between the english creative writing minor ucf, growing use of chemicals in food and essay, human diseases. There are, of course, many diseases that have been with man for immemorial ages.
Little is english writing minor ucf, known of why these diseases are acquired by some individuals while other individuals are immune. Investigation is slowly (and all too slowly) moving toward the study of immunity, of resistance factors which depend partly upon heredity but also upon the level of nutrition. Now, chemicals in food products may well play a very important role in these problems. Much has to be learned of the primary, secondary and goi peace competition, tertiary effects individual chemical substances, their derivatives and combinations play in english creative minor reducing immunity. Something is term delivered only, already known of the writing minor ucf, lower nutritive level that has already been produced by many chemical substitutes in food. The toxins produced by bacteria, however, remain the on good, direct agents of death from infectious disease. In this connection, an writing minor, entirely new field of research is being opened. It is known, for example, that species of bacteria are no longer as stable as was once assumed. Apparently harmless bacteria may undergo mutation or enter into an environment that suddenly renders them dangerous to human health. The question is: are chemicals in food products responsible for any of these changes and new environmental conditions?
In testimony before the Select Committee, Dr. Bing raised some considerations along this line. #145;The incidence of sample cna resume many diseases is changing,#146; he said. #145;There is an increase in the morbidity and mortality from a number of diseases. And then we have this phenomenon of new diseases appearing, conditions which were unknown heretofore or which were seen so little that they went unrecognized. #145;The increase in ucf incidence #150; and, well, man is heir not only to old diseases, but he acquires some new ones from time to time. Whenever that occurs we naturally suspect a change in mla quote paper the environment. #145;Now, foods are part of the environment of the ucf, human being, and some alterations in foods are suspect or some alterations in drugs that may be given are always suspect.#146; Dr. Bing specifically pointed to one disease that is suspected to on good, have arisen or, at least, to have increased in incidence because of an emulsifying agent in vitamins. #145;There is this condition of retrolental fibroplasias of babies born prematurely.
That condition is characterized by a change in the retina of the eye, and it results in total blindness of the baby in both eyes. #145;That condition was either now known or was observed so occasionally that it was not recognized, by and large, up until about creative, 1941, and then the incidence of it increased so that from 30 to 40 per cent. of the prematurely born babies in some nurseries, some hospitals, had this condition and become blind. #145;Now, the medical investigators looking into description parenting, that have cast suspicion on the use of synthetic emulsifying agents present in a vitamin preparation which was administered to minor, the new-born babies. Delivered Online Only. They are not sure that I was the creative writing, emulsifying agent or not, but they have called attention to the fact that when they changed from the vitamin preparation containing this synthetic emulsifying agent to the same vitamins without that particular material, the incidence went from 30 to goi peace foundation essay, 40 per cent. blindness down to english creative minor, less than 1 per cent.#146; It is widely agreed that the tempo and insecurity of American social life is a vital factor in the increase of degenerative diseases like heart and circulatory illnesses. But very little attention has been given to the role of chemicals in food. This problem is especially complex because much has to be learned about the way the body absorbs and uses calcium and magnesium salts #150; in research addition to many other substances that make for over-all health.
When synthetic toxins and chemical combinations are introduced into the body, however, it is clear that all the balances that normally exist in a healthy human being are altered. While nature provides for creative ucf many tolerances in the body, a sustained attack upon these tolerances is certain to have disastrous effects. In the oxidation of sugars, for example, quantities varying up to a teaspoonful of mla quote research paper insulin (about 1 cc) are responsible for the difference between a mild and severe case of diabetes. Consider then, what it means when chemicals are introduced that violate these #150; and even more slender #150; tolerances day after day and english minor, year after year. A further problem is the heavy burden which toxins and chemicals place on the eliminatory organs of the body. Sample. Under the english minor, best conditions (which seldom prevail) these toxins are excreted.
Before they are removed, however, they not only remain a burden to the entire organism but especially to the heart, liver and kidneys which are most frequently involved in diseases of of the essays old age. In short, it is still to english creative ucf, be determined how a chemical in term paper online food #145;behaves in the body, how it is handled in the alimentary tract; whether it is digested and absorbed; and, if absorbed, where it goes. Is it handled by the liver, the great chemical organ of the body, and converted to something else, and the eliminated or does it pile up in the tissues or go to the kidneys, where many soluble substances are channeled in order to be excreted? Does it have any effect on english writing ucf any of the organs of the body?#146; Dr. Children. Bing, who posed these questions for the Select Committee, expanded upon the problems they raise for research. #145;We now know that there are some poisons which will kill an animal without causing any demonstrable pathology or change in the structure of the cells. Cyanides can combine with the blood pigment and creative writing ucf, prevent taking in oxygen from the sample, air. And then there are certain organic synthetic compounds which react with substances in the body called enzymes, and can cause sudden death in experimental animals without giving any clue to any pathologist who may make sections of all the tissues of the body and look for changes in the cell structure.#146; They very multitude of questions that can be raised around chemicals in food provides the essential setting for an answer.
In so delicate an arrangement as the human body, it can be asserted that many synthetic chemicals probably play a sweeping role in english creative writing minor ucf diseases that are due to foundation essay, changes in human physiology #150; in the #145;degenerative#146; illnesses. Perhaps the most remarkable data thus far on the role of chemicals in disease has been accumulated on cancer. This data has been supplied from two aspects of research: the known properties of writing minor ucf many chemicals in causing cancer (carcinogens) and essay, the characteristics of creative writing minor ucf malignant growth. That certain chemical substances could produce cancer was proven in 1915 when two Japanese investigators, Yamagiwa and Ichikawa, managed to produce cancer in rabbits with coal tar. Since then tests of some 1,000 chemicals have led to the discovery of paper about 100 carcinogens. Minor Ucf. Some of these chemicals like 9,10-dumethul-1, 2-benezathracine require only three applications to texas of the year, the skin to lead to cancer in a few months. English Creative Writing. But it is necessary to emphasize that the vast majority of carcinogens require long-continued applications of small doses before cancer can be produced. Carcinogens can be used for online a long time before they are known to cause malignant tumours. As a result of investigations by Goldblatt, for minor example, the #145;interval between the first exposure of workmen to cancer-producing compounds and the appearance of symptoms of the disease was eleven to sixteen years in 54 per cent. of the cases. It was twenty to forty-eight years in 19 per cent. The shortest period exposure sufficient to cause cancer was 3.5 years and the longest thirty-three years.#146; A carcinogen may thus be used as a chemical in food without lending itself to any assured means of for small discovery #150; perhaps not only for many years but even at english creative minor ucf, all.
Even when carcinogens are used on short-lived experimental animals, unknown conditions for cancer may remain long after use has been discontinued. In recent studies on the incidence of lung cancer among smokers, the investigators proffered the goi peace foundation competition, suspicion that cancer appeared later in life as a result of smoking although smoking was discontinued decades earlier. A new term (carcinogens) has been established for chemicals that #145;will not produce cancer when administered alone, but will enhance the cancer-producing power of other chemicals. For example, if very small doses of english minor 20-methylcholanthrene are applied to the skin, no cancer may develop but if the skin is children, then rubbed with croton oil, tumours soon appear at english creative, its site of application. #145;These small doses of the carcinogens will not produce cancer, but when the small doses of carcinogen is followed by the croton oil, then a tumour appears. #145;The croton oil can be applied several months after the cancer-producing chemical has been administered. Simultaneous application is not necessary.#146; The effects of essays for small carcinogens and cocarcinogens, therefore, prove to have an extremely complex background. Two substances may not appear to be carcinogenic when individual tests are made; but in combination, or in any given sequence of application, they may produce cancer sooner or later. Since any numbers of combinations or sequences are theoretically possible, the entire concept of carcinogens wants revision. As long as synthetic chemicals are used in food, the human body comes to resemble ac chemical factory in which incalculable combinations of toxins and carcinogens are possible at any stage of life.
The problems of chemicals in food products no longer centre so much on individual chemicals as they do on a completely altered level of physiology, nutrition and irritability. The fact that cancer can derive from the mistreatment of the body as a whole is suggested from the creative minor ucf, standpoint of pathological as well as chemical research especially in the work of Harry S. N. Greene at the Yale University Medical School. In the research paper, course of transplanting tissues that was microscopically diagnosed as cancerous, Greene found that sometimes tissue could be transferred successfully to the eye of an alien species and at other times it could not. After further research, Green came to creative minor ucf, the conclusion that many tumours which receive a diagnosis of cancer as a result of microscopic analysis were actually benign. Only the malignant tumours could be transferred. These facts led to delivered online only, several lines of english creative writing minor speculation. Cancer may be suspected of deriving as a rule from sample cna resume, pre-cancerous lesions. Minor. In the pre-cancerous stage, a tumour may microscopically resemble in every detail a malignant growth and still be benign. Although it will be diagnosed as cancer and often successfully removed, in description essay parenting this stage there is no danger of metastasis (spreading to other sites). After a while, the supposed cancer may become truly cancerous and only then will metastasis occur.
What causes the change in behaviour? Greene expresses the belief that constitutional rather than local abnormalities are responsible. Abnormalities in the organism as a whole seem to disturb the english writing minor, organization of the cellular structure. This leads first to a development through a pre-cancerous stage and eventually into malignant tumours and metastasis. Greene#146;s view, of course, does not necessarily challenge the essay, local view of cancer; as, for example, when tissue is english creative minor, rendered cancerous by continual irritation.
Rather, Greene also seems to open a more general source of sample disturbance. His view implicitly challenges the entire environment of man. Among the english minor ucf, most direct factors of man#146;s environment to-day that make for constitutional abnormalities are the tempo and insecurity of existence and the wholesale alteration of essay diet by the use of chemicals in food products. Minor. The former has given rise to nervous disorders on a vast scale. The latter tends to upset and distort human physiological processes, render nutrition inadequate and introduce repeated irritants and an over-loading of substances or toxins into mla quote paper, the body. The problem that chemicals in food presents can no longer be confined to the danger of acute toxicity. Sensational cases of food-poisoning (bad as they are) have been overshadowed by the slow distortion of organic processes as a whole. Broad issues in english ecology, chemistry and physiology are being raised #150; not simply local instances of sample acute toxicity which supplied most of the attacks and creative writing, legislation against the food industry in the past. Paper Delivered Online Only. When chemical fertilizers include the risk of altering soils, a general ecological problem is presented. English Creative Minor Ucf. When insecticides are developed from relatively simple compounds to children, complex and stable hydrocarbons that remain in animal tissue, the very constituents of the human body are involved.
Finally, when innumerable types of chemical substances are introduced into the absorptive, physiological and english writing, metabolic processes of the body, the whole cycle of nutrition, growth, organic development and the normal tempo of physical degeneration in the course of essays for small life is changed adversely. We have said that the motive for introducing chemicals in food is profit. Creative Writing. We shall soon have the occasion to point out that even more fundamental reasons have arisen in delivered online only recent times for chemicals in food products. But for english creative writing ucf the present this motive continues to texas essays, operate and extend itself, and it has led to an increasing and reckless marketing of the public health. Just as the profit-system introduces more and more irrational uses of man#146;s productive forces, so the problems raised by chemicals in food are met with totally irrational #145;solutions#146;. Perhaps the most absurd illustration is the story of #145;enriched#146; bread.
To-day, the housewife is likely to encounter explosive advertising notices on bread that is #145;enriched#146; with vitamins and other substances. Ucf. The facts, however, are that many breads which are described as enriched have first been deprived of valuable nutrients. The wheat is bleached and chemicals are introduced to replace the effect of natural substances that are useful to the human body. This approach to nutrition #150; if such it can be called #150; is in itself so perfectly irrational and wasteful that it would defy any rational mind if it was any worse than many irrationalities to-day. Many individuals who do not pretend to an expert knowledge of term online food or agriculture see in chemicals an assertion of creative writing minor ucf man#146;s power over nature, a substitute for vital natural products and sample, human labour.
This concept is only partly true, as it stands, and so far as food is concerned is dangerously wrong. The human body probably functions with the greatest difficulty when it is nourished in piece-meal fashion, on the basis of what we think we know it requires. English Writing Minor Ucf. There are many important things we do not know for which there are certainly no synthetic substitutes. Description Essay Parenting. Modern science, at present, tends to segment the unity of the minor, body into departments of knowledge that are, thus far, only approximations of its actual activities. These departments #150; physiology, morphology and so on #150; do not completely open to us the complex, organic facts and relations that actually exist in the organism. The body, for example, requires certain indispensable traces of essays children metals and compounds. In greater quantities these substances prove to creative writing ucf, be poisonous and, perhaps, carcinogenic.
When foods are bleached, dyed, sprayed or synthesized, these traces can be lost or excessively increased. Essay. Sometimes, the chemist and physiologist has only a faint idea #150; if at all #150; of what is required. Chemistry continually suggests cheap substitutes, but it is creative writing, seldom possible to children, arrive at what is actually necessary to english, meet the complexities that enter into the total process. In pure foods, however, traces are not only acquired in a manner by which the organism, over the course of animal evolution, has long been adapted to receive them, but they can also be eliminated without damage when these trace materials become excessive. The chemist, on the other hand, may synthesize compounds which the body is compelled to receive because these compounds obey the general laws of chemistry more closely than the chemical processes of life. He may render compounds soluble which in pure foods are first acted upon by digestive agents. Indispensable steps in digestion, which may be both stages of nutrition and term paper, also obstacles to the assimilation of english minor ucf undesirable compounds both in quality and quantity, are thus replaced by laboratory techniques. Even enzymes have now been synthesized to for small, replace natural agents of digestion, often with a very imperfect picture of human digestive activity as a whole.
The human body, therefore, becomes a receptacle for chemicals it is compelled to absorb, not what it definitely needs. The principle behind this fact can be extended to english minor, nearly every aspect of nutrition to-day. The modern concept of #145;power over nature#146; is a similar distortion. For centuries, great thinkers had seen in goi peace competition man#146;s control of natural agencies the key to man#146;s access to leisure, intellectual and spiritual development, and freedom. They did not see in this control an end in itself, but an end to suit man. Moreover, #145;control#146; did not signify violation. It referred to a conscious turning of nature to meet human needs, as these needs arose from a rational body of social relationships rather than irrational society. #145;Control of nature#146; was founded upon the belief that nature had its own complex laws and that man could produce a society founded upon creative ucf, reason.
At present, the mla quote paper, #145;conquest#146; of nature is predicated partly upon a control of english creative writing ucf forces to conquer the human organism. It is as though our insight into the facts of nature has been employed to manipulate the human body as something outside of nature. Soil experts, nutritionists and above all food industrialists toy with the human body very much as though it no longer was as much a part of essays children nature as the very natural forces that are commanded by english creative ucf, chemistry. Cna Resume. But the principal issue is that the #145;conquest#146; of writing minor ucf nature currently rests upon problems arising from social blindness and idiocy. By the misuse of chemistry, man is goi peace essay, #145;solving#146; social problems; problems that are related to social insight and intelligence rather than the physical and organic science.
The growth of population, for example, has become a major excuse for chemicals in agriculture and creative, food. Yet population is large to-day primarily in the sense that half the world is practically uninhabited or has little industry, while huge urban centres are choking with millions. Teacher Of The. Land is insufficient because it is misused and frequently ignore where it is actually available; worse, modern forms of land tenure have driven millions off the land, often into useless occupations. Numerous clerks, impotent bureaucrats, advertising agents and salesmen have created a new form of urban idiocy to english creative ucf, overshadow the tradition of rural idiocy. This idiocy ranges from essays children, a daily squandering of english writing hours on trains and buses to an inordinate preoccupation with anti-social and demoralizing media of foundation entertainment. Modern society resists the possibility of minor ucf restoring human contacts that have been broken by essay on good parenting, tawdry #145;entertainment#146;, siphoned into the home by television and radio. Creative Writing Ucf. Only recently has an increasing number of mla quote research people begun to writing minor ucf, think of decentralizing the great urban menageries #150; and this because of a fear of modern warfare and bombing. Yet in decentralization exists a real possibility for developing the best traditions of social life and for solving agricultural and nutritional difficulties that have thus far been delivered to chemistry. Most of the food problems of the world would be solved to-day by essay on good parenting, well-balanced and rounded communities, intelligently urbanized, well-equipped with industry and with easy access to english writing minor ucf, the land.
There is a logic to every situation in modern society. With the goi peace competition, rise of huge cities, with a meaningless increase in detail labour, with the total supplanting of quality by quantity production #150; pure foods have not only been rendered unprofitable but also impossible if only because of transport conditions. The adulteration of food has now become a system, a net from which it is ucf, almost impossible to withdraw. Nearly every food product that appears on the market is to-day the repository of chemical substances. Years ago, this trend was ineffectively challenged by various #145;fad#146; movements.
Now, there is scarcely any basis for choice between pure food and chemically treated products. The door has been closed to individual selection, and the process of texas adding synthetic substances proceeds unabated. English Creative Minor. It is doubtful if legislation will do anything to paper, arrest this trend, even if legislation against chemicals in food is enacted. The problem has become a social problem #150; an english writing, issue concerning the mla quote research paper, misuse of industry as a whole. It is on this basis alone that it can be solved.
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Many editors are available to use. Some of the most common are: edit on DOS machines and PCs; emacs and vi on UNIX workstations; and edit on VAX/VMS machines. You can also use your favorite word processor to open a text file. For more information on the editor you will use, consult your system administrator or read your user's manual. Which editor you should use depends upon the type of system you are using and your preference between the editors on your system. Minor? Make sure you use an essays for small children, editor that you are familiar with. Creative? By using an unfamiliar editor you will find yourself spending most of essays your time trying to learn to use the editor rather than actually creating your resume. Writing Ucf? Throughout the remainder of this document I will base the texas teacher essays, steps on the DOS editor and a generic word processor.
To open your resume, first open the editor by typing edit at a DOS prompt, or the appropriate command for the editor you intend to use. Next, choose the Open File option from the FILE menu. English Minor? Fill in the filename you choose earlier or use the browse feature to locate the file. Elements of an HTML document are denoted using HTML tags. Term Paper Delivered Online? An HTML tag usually consists of a left angle bracket ( ). Tags are also usually paired (e.g. ltP and lt/P), the first is used to identify the english creative minor ucf, beginning of the element and the second (usually lt/tagname) identifies the end of the competition, element. Some tags may also contain additional information. This information should be placed inside the angle brackets.
For example, to display a paragraph using full justification use ltP ALIGN=justifygt. HTML documents have a minimum requirement of tags. These tags are required by HTML browsers in order to recognize a file as a HTML file. The following is a summary of the creative writing minor, required HTML tags: The required HTML tags must be placed in cna resume the appropriate order inside and HTML file.
The following HTML is a simple example of the minimum HTML document. Using indentation can greatly improve the looks of your HTML, make it easier to read, and make it much easier to maintain. Although indentation is writing not required, you should always use it to paper improve your HTML. The benefits greatly outweigh the extra time it takes to english writing write your HTML. Goi Peace Foundation Essay Competition? HTML browsers ignore extra white-space therefore the indentation will not be visible when the document is viewed using a HTML browser. Here is the english writing minor, previous example written using indentation to sample make it easier to read. ADD ADDITIONAL HTML FORMATTING TAGS AS NECESSARY. The use of additional HTML tags will greatly enhance the appearance of english creative your resume. HTML contains numerous tags to use, in sample cna resume addition many new tags will be added in the future. I could not possibly cover every tag here.
However, I will briefly describe some of the commonly used and english writing most useful tags. Sample? For advanced options, or a more detailed list you should obtain a copy of the latest HTML reference manual. This manual can be found on the world wide web at http://www.sandia.gov/sci_compute/html_ref.html. The following table contains many of the most common and most useful HTML tags. You can use any of these tags by simply placing the begin tag, the text to format, and the end tag directly in creative ucf your HTML document. You will find it useful to view your document as you make changes. See step 9 for instructions on how to cna resume view your current HTML document. By doing this, you will become familiar with the effects of the creative writing ucf, tags. In order to ensure no word processor formatting options are saved into your file you should save your resume as a text file. However, when you choose your filename you should give it the .html or .htm extension. To do this choose save as from the file menu.
Next you should choose the text or ASCII text format from the available format list. Mla Quote Research? Finally, type your filename in the filename input box as filename.html or filename.htm where filename is the english ucf, name you wish to call your file (e.g. resume.html). CREATE AND/OR ACQUIRE ANY IMAGES YOU WANT TO USE IN YOUR RESUME. While creating images can be very fun and on good exciting, it is also very time consuming. Creative Writing Ucf? There are many tools available to help you create your custom images such as Paint Shop Pro, Photoshop, Corel Draw, and MsPaint. For information on how to use these tools you should consult your user's manual. An alternative to essays for small creating custom images is to creative minor ucf find a non-copyrighted image on the world wide web and copy it. One method of locating useful and research free images is to view clipart collections available on the web such as Caboodles of Clipart. Another method of locating useful images is to use the Yahoo search engine and english ucf search for the image. Essay Parenting? To do this simply type image:keyword in the Yahoo's search box and click on the search button. This type of english writing searching is very time consuming and essays for small often does not result in any useful images.
If you are unable to create or locate the image you desire and feel that your resume would be incomplete without it, you should consider hiring a Graphics Artist to english writing minor create the image for you. Although images can improve the appearance of your resume, you should use them sparingly. Often the quality of your resume decreases proportionally with an goi peace foundation, increase in the number of images you add. Any graphics you use (except for a background) should be relatively small in size. Most web developers agree that large images take longer to load and writing minor will in turn drive impatient viewers away from your page. Paper Delivered Online? In addition, you should keep the english writing ucf, content of your images on for small children a professional level unless the image directly relates to your job qualification. For example it is acceptable to have cartoons you've created on your resume if you're applying as a cartoonist. However, you should consider placing any such images on a second page and creative minor ucf creating a link to it. ADD HTML IMAGE TAGS AS NECESSARY FOR EACH OF THE IMAGES YOU PLAN TO USE IN YOUR RESUME, AND SAVE YOUR RESUME (SEE STEP 6).
To insert an image into your HTML resume open your resume in your editor, then use the ltIMG SRCgt tag to specify the location and filename of your image. For example, to display an image called computer.gif that is 32x45 in size, use the following tag: ltIMG SRC=directory/computer.gif ALT=Computer WIDTH=32 HEIGHT=45 BORDER=0gt. Essays? All images should be in the .GIF or .JPG file format. English Writing? If you see a gray box with three small dots in it rather than your image, then the browser was unable to load your image. Possible causes of sample cna resume this problem are: you used an creative writing minor ucf, incompatible file format, the image does not exist, you did not specify the correct filename or had a typographical error in the directory/filename, or the file permissions were set incorrectly (UNIX workstations require that you set the file permissions of an image to 770.
See your system administrator or consult a UNIX reference manual for help with setting file permissions). Be sure to save your resume after you make any changes. OPEN YOUR HTML RESUME IN A HTML BROWSER. Open your HTML browser by clicking on its Windows Icon, or by essays children, typing its execution command at the command prompt. There are many browsers available for use such as Netscape, Microsoft Explorer, and ICOMM. Ucf? Consult your user's manual for help with using your HTML browser.
Open your resume by clicking on the Open File option on goi peace foundation essay competition the File menu. Next, type the filename you choose earlier in the filename input box or using the browse feature to locate the file, then click on the ok button. Your resume should be displayed in the browser window. Viewing your resume in an HTML browser is an excellent way to ensure the english writing minor ucf, content of your resume. REPEAT STEPS 5 THROUGH 9 UNTIL YOU ARE SATISFIED WITH THE APPEARANCE OF YOUR RESUME. After reviewing your resume in an HTML browser, you should revisit steps 5 through 9 above and make any necessary changes.
Once you are familiar with the process of creating a HTML document, most of these steps can be performed as necessary in any order. You should get your resume to a point that you are satisfied with before preceding. In order to ensure that you have not made any mistakes in the uniform resource locator (URL) addresses, you should click on each of the links you've created using your HTML browser. Links that do not work are nicknamed broken links. Broken links are highly unprofessional and will affect the impression a potential employer has on your resume. Broken links are usually the result of a typographical error or a link to a web site that no longer exists. Because the web is constantly changing, you should only create hypertext links to sites that are relatively stable. In order for your resume to be visible to sample the rest of the world, you must have current internet provider.
Many universities provide the resources for students to install their resumes. Contact your University Webmaster to obtain information. You can often locate the Webmaster through an creative ucf, email address on the universities main web page. On Good? After you have completed your HTML resume, copy it and all of the images you have used to creative minor the directory your web provider specifies. Goi Peace Foundation? After installing your HTML resume you should always test it. English Writing Minor? Visit the URL your web provider supplies to insure it was installed properly. You should always respond to potential employers that contact you as soon as possible. In addition you should always mail a paper copy of your resume to any potential employers. By showing sincere interest, you will increase an paper, employer's impression. The Source For Java Development. Java Report . English Minor? March/April 1996.
Java Report is term paper delivered a relatively new magazine for software developers using the Java environment. Java is english ucf a relatively new software developing environment that allows software developers to implement more complex features such as Net-based electronic transactions and delivering interactive content across the Web. Java Report combines programming tips, new technology, application trends and corporate issues to bring the essays for small children, reader a broader range of creative writing ucf information. In one of the articles Philip David Meese does an excellent job of explaining to the reader how to create his/her first Java application. His article was well written and was equivalent in competition content to a small course. The article The Java Tutor provides clear and english creative minor ucf concise information as well as easy to understand example code. Description On Good Parenting? I strongly agree with Mr. Meese's confidant statement by the time you finish reading this article, you'll be able to english creative minor develop a Java application. An entire section of Java Report is devoted to paper Product Review. In this section the english creative minor, authors review Java related products and provide information to the reader. This information was the equivalent of a Consumer Reports article.
This section is sample cna resume a great source of information about individual products. In general, Java Report is a great source of information relating to the use and english creative minor ucf development of Java applications for research, any software developer. However, some of the technical articles may be beyond the scope of the creative minor, average reader. Rampe, David. Cyberspace Resumes Fit the Modern Job Hunt. The New York Times . 3 February 1997, sec. C6. In his article Cyberspace Resumes Fit the teacher of the year essays, Modern Job Hunt David Rampe discusses the advantages and disadvantages of an HTML resume. The article, which appeared in The New York Times' Taking In the english writing minor, Sites section provides some very useful information regarding resumes. Some of the topics Mr. Rampe discusses includes the searchability of HTML resumes, electronic filling, industry jargon, and the dehumanization of the process.
Mr. Essays? Rampe also discusses the importance of writing your HTML resume in the proper fashion, to the computer. English Creative? He states that you must resolve mentally to address your resume to 'Dear Computer. ' and just ignore the dehumanization of it all. In addition, the research, article provides the URLs for eleven electronic sources to help the reader get started. English Creative? Each of the sources listed are excellent sources of information and delivered should be reviewed by anyone who decides to create and HTML resume. Rampe also discusses cookie-cutter forms available on english writing the World Wide Web to help the least experienced computer user create his/her HTML resume. In general, Mr. Rampe provides an children, ample amount of information and creative writing ucf resources necessary to create an HTML resume.
Rampe provides both the pros and the cons of an HTML resume in an unbiased fashion, leaving the reader to decide the necessity of an texas teacher of the essays, HTML resume. Sandia National Laboratories. HTML Reference Manual , 2 January 1996. Sandia National Laboratories' HTML Reference Manual is, in my opinion, the english minor, most complete and useful source of term paper delivered online only HTML information. Although the manual is english writing minor ucf currently over a year old, the information it contains is accurate, precise and very helpful.
The HTML Reference Manual begins with and introduction to HTML in term paper delivered online general, then lists important terms and definitions. Next the authors validate the document's content by discussing the conformance guideline RFC 1866, commonly referred to as HTML Version 2. The authors also discuss the importance of Sandia requirements for creative writing ucf, specific HTML elements. Next the authors discuss the general breakdown of HTML into: General HTML syntax, HTML Comments, HTML Elements, Uniform Resource Locators (URL), Special Characters, and Internal Icons. Finally, the authors break down over one hundred HTML elements into a description, minimum attributes, all possible attributes, elements allowed within, allowed in content of, and variations. In addition the sample, document contains an easy to use index which allows the reader to jump directly to any element of interest. The HTML Reference Manual provides the most complete reference manual available. In addition it is well written, well organized and very easy to use.
This document is an excellent source of information for both the novice and expert HTML programmers. Authors Note: Windows, DOS, Paint Shop Pro, MsPaint, Yahoo, Café, Netscape, ICOMM and writing Microsoft Internet Explorer are copyrighted by their respective owners.