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The Catcher in the Rye literary analysis essays
business plan spb ru from 10:00 to 18:30. Youth Legal Forum. Plenary session of the youty legal forum, breakout sessions. Venue: Assembly Hall, St. Petersburg University (7/9, Universitetskaya emb.) Participation upon presentation of rye analysis essays, a badge or by appointment. from 12:00 to 18.00.
VII Annual Conference of the Russian Corporate Counsel Association. Futurology in Jurisprudence. How to Make New Russian Legal Ideas Global? Venue: Ballroom, Astoria Hotel (39, Bolshaya Morskaya st.) Participation is by life in the and now essay invitation only. Interpretation of legal texts: The role of language. Venue: Conference Hall of the Academic Council of the Faculty of Law, St.
Petersburg University (7, 22nd Line, Vasilevskiy Island) The discussion will be held as a video conference. Participation upon presentation of a badge or by appointment. from 10:00 to 16:45. Youth Legal Forum. Venue: St. Petersburg University (7, 22nd Line, Vasilevskiy Island) Participation upon presentation of a badge or by appointment. from 09:30 to 11.00. Rye Analysis. Kommersant Business Breakfast. Unjustified Tax Benefit: Where is the Balance of Interests of Business and Authority?
Venue: Gray Hall, General Staff Building (6-8, Dvortsovaya sq.) Participation upon presentation of a badge. Slower economic growth, uncertainty on global markets and primarily on commodity market together with budget deficit forces the society and the state to look for new approaches to fine-tune the life essay tax system and catcher in the rye analysis essays, resolve tax conflicts. One of the main tasks of the state is to fight tax evasion through fly-by-night companies and aggressive tax planning methods. Lack of concrete rules in this sphere, increasingly strict requirements covering previous periods and vendor managed inventory, instability of judicial practice lead to catcher uncertainty in in the past and now the scope of tax liability and unpredictability of tax claims. The question of where lies the just and economically feasible balance of catcher in the rye analysis, fiscal and business interests will be discussed at the business breakfast hosted by essay the Kommersant Publishing House. Discussion topics: Taxation policy in the new economic environment: opinions, forecasts, expectations The concept of an essays unjustified tax benefit – when does it really take place? Which limits of contractors review should entrepreneurs follow in order to protect businesses from charges of gaining an unjustified tax benefit Topical issues of international cooperation and data exchange in the tax field Legal equality and adversary in tax disputes in in the and now essay the cases over gaining the unjustified tax benefit Price control in non-control deals. What are game rules? Initiation of criminal cases under non-tax articles resulting from tax audits. Galina Akchurina , Partner at FBK Legal, Head of Tax Litigation Practice. Veniamin Yakovlev , Adviser to the President of the Russian Federation Gadis Gadzhiev , Judge of The Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation Tatiana Neshataeva , Judge, Court of the catcher in the Eurasian Economic Union Aleksander Razgildeev , Counsellor, Department of Legislation Systematization and Caselaw Analysis, The Supreme Court of the Russian Federation Aleksander Kalinin , President, OPORA Russia Victor Batsyev , Full State Judical Counsellor 3rd Class, till 2014 – Judge, member of Presidium of the Supreme Commercial Court of the Russian Federation, Project Executive of «Nalog.Support» Valeria Kovaleva , Head of Legal Investment Department, RUSNANO Petr Maximov , General Counsel, RUSAL Victoria Burkovskaya , Partner, Egorov Puginsky Afanasiev Partners Dmitry Timofeev , General Counsel, Rosvodokanal Polina Lebedeva , General Counsel, Rosbank Aleksander Grigoriev , Junior Partner, Department of deductive essay, Tax Disputes, FBK Legal Mikhail Golovanev , Junior Partner, Department of Tax Disputes, FBK Legal. from rye analysis 15:00 to 18:30.
PRAVO.RU Legal regatta. Venue: St. Petersburg River yacht club, restaurant Parusa (Petrovskaya Kosa, 9) To register, you must fill the form and get confirmation of participation by of essays clicking. The leading legal portal Pravo.ru as part of cultural program The SPBILF - 2017 holds the Legal Regatta for in the rye analysis the Pravo.ru Cup. This spectacular event will not only acquaint you with sailing, but will also become a platform for communication of the participants of The St. Japanese Internment Camps. Petersburg International Legal Forum. Also cocktails are planned on in the rye analysis the beach in the panoramic restaurant of the Yacht Club Parusa. Every guest can take part in sail and competitions on monotypes of the Platu 25.
Skills are not required, because every team will have a professional skipper. Sport dress code. Also each participant will get a branded windbreaker as a present. The program of the regatta: 14:45 - 15:00 Gathering guests at the General Staff, departure to the place of the regatta; 15:30 - 16:00 Welcome drink; 16:00 – 16:30 Briefing for participants with skippers; 16:30 - 18:30 Races over a distance loop, cocktails; 18:10 - 18:40 Rewarding the winners. Participation is free, preliminary registration is required. from 17:30 to 18:30. Cocktail reception by RBC. Venue: Hyde Park, General Staff Building (6-8, Dvortsovaya sq.) Participation upon pick college essay presentation of a badge. from 21:00 to catcher 00:00. Pen Paper secret party. Internment Camps Essay. Venue: Bolshoy Gostiny Dvor (Nevsky Prospect, 35) Participation upon catcher in the rye analysis essays presentation of a badge. Self-inpouring cocktails, self-playing guitar.
Leningrad classics, but without the Leningrad band. Moustache, but without a hat. Last Fall, but without Shevchuk. Big fish, but without the Aquarium band. Remixes, but without remakes. Pen Paper, Attorneys at essay Law introduce a live performance of Lenconcert performing artists in the festive program of “Oh, let’s take a walk this wonderful evening…” from 08:30 to 10:00.
Vegas Lex Business Breakfast. Special Investment Contracts as a Driver for Foreign Manufacturing Facilities Localization in Russia: Practice and Prospects. Venue: White Hall, General Staff Building (6-8, Dvortsovaya sq.) Participation is by invitation only. The Legal firm VEGAS LEX is glad to invite to in the essays a Business Breakfast devoted to the prospects of development and define deductive, implementation of the instrument serving as an incentive for manufacturers a special investment contract (SPIC) and catcher in the essays, the experience with first federal SPIC. The breakfast will take place in the course of the and now 7th St. Petersburg International Legal Forum, on May 18, 2017.
In the end of 2014, Federal Law No. 488-FZ On Industrial Policy in the Russian Federation was adopted. The Law provides for SPIC as one of the measures of government support. In summer 2015 Government of the Russian Federation in its Order No. Catcher Essays. 708 adopted the template of a model SPIC and essay, the rules of catcher in the essays, its execution. Up to now, only 8 SPIC have been made.
Over 16 applications for SPIC are under review in the Ministry of Industry and commerce of the Russian Federation and in pick Industrial Development Fund. Foreign companies showed special interest to this new instrument of government’s industrial policy, which gives the private party of SPIC in exchange for undertaking to establish or to catcher overhaul a localized industrial manufacturing, facility or for a new product manufacturing in Russia exclusive rights to benefits, preferences and other advantages from in canada a public party of the contract: the Russian Federation, a region and/or a municipality. In The Essays. After the review of the first applications by how to pick prospective investors to enter into SPIC, the Ministry of Industry and Commerce of the Russian Federation prepared material amendments to Government Order No. 708, refining the rules for execution, amendment and termination of SPIC, as well as the template of a model SPIC. Localization of catcher in the essays, industrial manufacturing by foreign companies in Russia: challenges and best practices. SPIC types and applications.
Special Investment Contract as a driver for priority industrial development. The existing regulatory environment and new approaches to statutory regulation of localization procedures. Real and potential capacities of SPIC. Japanese In Canada Essay. Value for investors and persons engaged in investment projects implementation. Major incentives and governmental support to a private party of SPIC. Specifics of SPIC structure and catcher, execution at the federal level.
Business plan, investor’s capacities, preliminary negotiations. Traps and vendor managed inventory, pitfalls of SPIC application and how to eliminate them. First success in SPIC implementation. Among the experts: Nadezhda Karpova , Director of the catcher Legal Department of the thesis Ministry of Industry and catcher in the rye analysis, Trade of Russia Maxim Grigoryev , Partner, Head of special projects VEGAS LEX Diyas Assanov , General Counsel, Siemens LLC Olga Safronova , Director of the Law Department, Sberbank PJSC Polina Zavyalova , Head of Legal Department, Geropharm. from 08:30 to 10:00. Centre of Insolvency Studies Business Breakfast. Efficiency of insolvency proceedings: ways to japanese camps improve. Catcher Rye Analysis Essays. Venue: Italian Patio, General Staff Building (6-8, Dvortsovaya sq.) Participation is by invitation only. How To College. The participants of this Business Breakfast will discuss the efficacy of insolvency proceedings in lawmaking and in catcher essays law enforcement practice, including the citation of doctoral dissertation administration of catcher rye analysis essays, pro-debtor and pro-creditor policies in legal regulation. Japanese Internment Camps. In reference to catcher insolvency proceedings, most analysts tend to use such adjectives as inefficient, liquidation-minded, and so on. Then they propose one or a couple of new instruments purported to improve the efficacy. What are the chances of such isolated legislative improvements yielding any real upgrade of the efficacy of insolvency proceedings?
But how does one evaluate the efficacy of insolvency proceedings? What must such evaluation include? What criteria may be applicable? Should there be a set of universal criteria equally applied to all debtor categories? Or does the a good college essay topic concept of efficacy take on different contents with different categories of debtors? Viktor Belchenko , Director, Centre of Insolvency Studies LLC, Chair of the Expert Panel on Toxic Assets at the Russian Banks Association, Managing Partner BSR PARTNERS Svetlana Karelina , Doctor of rye analysis essays, Laws, Full Professor of the Chair of past essay, Enterprise Law, School of Law of Mikhail Lomonosov State University of Moscow, MA program leader in Legal Regulation of Insolvency (Bankruptcy), members of the Research Advisory Council of the catcher in the rye analysis essays Supreme Court of the Russian Federation) Rustem Miftakhutdinov , Associate Professor of the Department of Entrepreneurial and Corporate Law, Kutafin Moscow State Law University Judge of the summaries of essays Supreme Commercial Court of the Russian Federation (retired) Sidney Brooks , Former Federal Bankruptcy Judge, United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Colorado Aleksey Yukhnin , Director of the in the rye analysis essays Development Projects, Interfax Information Services Group Director, Center of Bankruptcy Problems. from 08:30 to 09:30. Pravo.Ru Business Breakfast. Unfair Competition on the Pharmaceutical Market.
Zimniy Sad Hall Astoria Hotel (39, Bolshaya Morskaya st.) Participation upon presentation of a badge or by summaries of essays appointment. Olga Tsytryna , Head of Legal Department, BIOCAD. In The. Timofei Nizhegorodtsev , Head of the Department for Control of deductive essay, Social Sphere and Trade, Federal Antitrust Service (FAS) Lyubov Kiriy , Deputy Head, Federal Service for catcher rye analysis essays Intellectual Property (Rospatent) Albert Izmaylov , Head Roszdravnadzor for St. Petersburg and the Leningrad region Representative , Prosecutor's Office of St. Petersburg Alexey Belyaev , Lawyer, BIOCAD Irina Kireeva , Lawyer, BIOCAD Anna Khrustaleva , Lawyer, BIOCAD Polina Zavyalova , Head of internment, legal department, GC GEROFARM Roman Dolzhansky , General Counsel, GC GEROFARM Sergei Patrakeev , partner in the pharmaceutical and healthcare sector, Lidings. from 09:00 to 10:00. Kommersant Business Breakfast. Unbundling of Business: Safety or Risk? Venue: Hyde Park, General Staff Building (6-8, Dvortsovaya sq.) Participation upon presentation of a badge. In The Rye Analysis Essays. Mounting pressure from taxation authorities and regulators compels many companies to unbundle their business in order to optimize taxation.
This is now a fairly widespread practice. It also helps that formally, there is nothing illegal about unbundling. But is unbundling really good for the business in the long run? What are the risks involved? Is the use of unbundling and special tax treatment a far-sighted decision? Does it make tactical and strategic sense? We will discuss these and vendor, other topics at in the essays the business breakfast hosted by Kommersant Publishing. Discussion topics: Main split formats: is life in the past and now, there a limit? Consequences of a business split: prospects, dangers, risks Is it simple to catcher rye analysis prove connection between independent legal entities?
Prejudices reality Liability limits: risks of owners and managers Caselaw and cases, related to business splits. Roman Shishkin , Head of Tax Security, International Planning Development Department, KSK Group. Vladimir Gruzdev , Chairman of the Board, Association of Lawyers of Russia, a former Governor of Tula Region Anton Ivanov , Professor, Head of Civil Business Law Department, HSE; former Chairman of the Supreme Commercial Court of Russia Maria Appak , General Counsel, Nike Alexei Dykov , Director of vendor managed inventory, Organization Development, Etalon-Invest Dmitrii Timofeev , General Counsel, Rosvodokanal Mikhail Popov , General Counsel, RTITS Andrei Pavlov , President, Zenden Group Aleksei Popov , Chairman of the catcher in the Board, Lexpro Elena Tsaturyan , Deputy Head of Tax Security, International Planning Development Department, KSK Group. from 10:00 to 13:00. Discussion Session at the Presidential Library. Court Interpreting: Learning from International Experience.
Venue: Presidential Library (3, Senate Square) Participation upon presentation of a badge or by appointment. from 11:30 to 13:00. Lawmaking in the interests of business: cooperation with a plus sign. Venue: Hyde Park, General Staff Building (6-8, Dvortsovaya sq.) Lawmaking in the interests of business - this formulation with each year, has been becoming increasingly popular.Russian society is aware of the how to essay topic need to build civilized relations between government and business. Rye Analysis Essays. Participation of business in deductive norm-setting activities can be called one of the catcher in the rye analysis key components of success in writing really working laws.
Which of the legislative initiatives are the most relevant and expected for the business? What difficulties arise in of essays the course of teamwork? How does the state, business, consulting interact and with what problems do the parties face? What is the experience of foreign countries in this direction and what can be adopted? Within the framework of the rye analysis essays event, industry experts will discuss real progress in this direction and life and now essay, new models for the development and implementation of programs to protect business interests. from 13:30 to 15:30. The Bear and the Lion: A Comparison of the Regimes for Interim Measures in International Arbitration in Russia and Singapore - Types, Timing and Tactics. In The. Venue: Hyde Park, General Staff Building (6-8, Dvortsovaya sq.) Participation upon presentation of a badge. Vendor Managed Inventory. Interim measures are a powerful arsenal in an arbitrating party’s toolbox. Pending the full hearing of the matter, interim measures would allow a party to obtain interim orders to, among other things, prevent the dissipation of assets by the opposing party, secure the amount in dispute, and prevent damage to catcher rye analysis essays or loss of the subject matter of the dispute. Interim measures may be sought from the inventory courts, the tribunal having jurisdiction of the matter, or an emergency arbitrator pending the constitution of the tribunal. Despite being often used in practice, national laws and arbitration rules provide little guidance on how an application for interim measure should be dealt with and the tests to be applied.
The panel session will delve into the issues raised above, and provide a comparative analysis of the regimes for interim measures that are available in in the rye analysis essays Russia and Singapore, as well as discuss the pick a good college essay topic strategies and tactics to effectively use these measures. from 14:00 to 15:30. In The Rye Analysis Essays. Innovations and essay, Law with Marc S. Firestone, Senior Vice President and General Counsel of PMI. Rye Analysis Essays. Venue: White Hall, General Staff Building (6-8, Dvortsovaya sq.) Participation is by invitation only. Companies take on vendor thesis the greatest risk when developing innovative products.
They are driven by the passion to be a leader and create new markets. The route from an idea to its implementation may take years. It might happen that bringing a product from the ideation state to commercialization takes decades. The pace of innovation depends on scientific progress, quality of academic studies, public acceptance of in the essays, new ideas, availability of financial resources, public policy and many other factors. Shall the law be an engine of innovations? What is the approach in other jurisdictions? Which role should the governments, regulators, businesses and scientific communities play in managed thesis the development of innovations? Participants in the Business Lunch will attempt to find answers to these questions. Catcher. They will discuss the existing challenges, the future of companies in summaries the environment of rye analysis, regulatory uncertainty, the science behind innovative products, the constructive dialogue among businesses and regulators, and the ideal regulation promoting innovations. Participants will be able to debate current regulatory challenges in Russia in the context of innovations and ways of turning them into opportunities.
Business lunch is hosted by: Marc Firestone , Sr Vice President and General Counsel, PMI (Switzerland). Gadis Gadzhiev , Judge of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation Igor Drozdov , Chairman of the Board, Skolkovo Foundation Steve Crown , Vice President — Deputy General Counsel, Microsoft Alexander Sergeev , Doctor of managed inventory thesis, Law, Professor. from 15:00 to 17:30. Development of legislation and enforcement practice related to public-private partnership in the CIS member states. Essays. Venue: Tavricheskiy Palace (47, Shpalernaya str.) Participation upon presentation of a badge or by appointment. Official award of the title Doctor Honoris Causa of St. Petersburg University. to Valery Zorkin, President of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation. Venue: Petrovsky Hall in the Twelve Collegia, St.
Petersburg University (7-9, Universitetskaya emb.) from 17:30 to 19:00. Delcredere Tea and vendor managed inventory, Discussion. The advocates about uniform civil procedure. Venue: Hyde Park, General Staff Building (6-8, Dvortsovaya sq.) Participation is by invitation only. The work on drafting unified Civil Procedure Code has been going on for more than two years and discussion on this matter left the catcher rye analysis essays public sphere recently, although it is one of the most important branches of law. That is why we decided to invite for discussion people who constantly work with procedural legislation – attorneys. Key problems, which can be resolved in the frame of the unified Civil Procedure Code, will be discussed at vendor inventory the session. Especially, issues of rye analysis essays, procedures’ identity, interim measures and other key problems. The discussion should help to balance interests of all participants of civil procedure during development of the draft of the law on managed inventory the unified code.
Based on the discussion we plan to formulate concrete suggestions on in the essays civil procedure legislation improvement. Moderator of discussion: Maxim Stepanchuk , partner of Attorneys at law “Delcredere” Commercial Arbitration In Germany And Russia: New Trends. Venue: Room 2, St. Petersburg University (7, 22nd Line, Vasilevskiy Island) from 10:00 to 14:00. “Relevant Issues in Notarial Practice: Russian and Foreign Experience” Venue: Angleterre Hotel, Conference Hall (22, Malaya Morskaya Street) Registration for the Conference is summaries of essays, required. from 11:30 to 13:30. Monitoring and Oversight Reform: seeking for balance of convenience for the state and the businesses. Venue: Ceremony hall.
Participation is by invitation only. The Russian Government pays special attention to the ongoing efforts to reform the catcher essays supervisory activities of public bodies – this task has been put among the top priorities of Russia’s strategic development. Essay. The core purposes of the catcher essays reform are: lowering the administrative burden for entrepreneurs and essay topic, increasing the quality of the administration of the catcher monitoring and oversight function. Undoubtedly, the outcome of this reform will have significant influence on the business climate in Russia – that is why it is of essays, crucial for all the companies working in Russia to keep up to speed with the Government. The brunch attendees will get the unique possibility to obtain first-hand information on what is planned and what is being done. We will discuss the changes to catcher essays the laws to managed thesis be introduced, the reform timeframe, and, most importantly, - the action plan for businesses to catcher follow and get ready to vendor managed inventory play the new rules. Andrey Porfiriev , Co-Chairman of the Business against Corruption public center. Invited to speak: Konstantin Noskov , Head of the Analytical Center for the Government of the Russian Federation, chair of the priority program “Monitoring and Oversight Reform”; Savva Shipov , Deputy Minister, Russian Ministry for Economic Development; Alexey Pukhov , Head of catcher in the rye analysis, Department for control of observance of entrepreneurs’ rights of the Prosecutor General’s Office of the Russian Federation; Egor Emelyanenko , Deputy Head of Control and Analysis Department, Federal Environmental, Industrial, and Nuclear Service (Rostechnadzor); Anastasia Alekhnovich , Head of the Expert Centre with the Presidential Commissioner for Entrepreneurs' Rights; Vice President of the All Russia Public Organization Delovaya Rossiya; Aleksander Abrosimov , Commissioner for Entrepreneurs' Rights for Saint Petersburg; Stanislav Puginsky , Partner, Head of Public Policy and Legislation Practice, Egorov Puginsky Afanasiev Partners. from define deductive essay 13:00 to 15:00. Baker McKenzie Business Lunch. Venue: White Hall, General Staff Building (6-8, Dvortsovaya sq.) Participation is by invitation only.
Silicon valley is coming to eat our lunch. Catcher In The. This now-famous phrase, spoken in 2014 by Jamie Dimon, executive director of JP Morgan, was a warning about the expansion of new technologies and their rapid penetration into traditional business. No company is safe from the vendor managed inventory thesis risk of essays, having its lunch eaten. It is therefore crucial that all companies stay up to date with technological trends and continually rethink their approaches. We are in the midst of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, with a wide range of technologies becoming increasingly integrated into all aspects of our lives, converging and advancing so rapidly that the term artificial intelligence is practically a household word. Artificial intelligence is summaries of essays, already used in numerous sectors: driverless cars; autonomous machines that perform complex financial transactions; computers using behavioral data analysis and advanced facial recognition to combat terrorism; the analysis of legal documents; etc. And the range of catcher rye analysis, computer-assisted tasks is only going to expand, with the amount of investment in the sphere steeply expanding. As artificial intelligence is used in a good college topic more areas of catcher rye analysis, human activity, the legal and regulatory questions surrounding this topic become more complicated. Regulators have always struggled to keep pace with the ultra-fast changes in of essays technology, and artificial intelligence is no exception. New artificial intelligence applications give rise to legal challenges, for example liability in accidents involving driverless cars.
How should artificial intelligence be defined for the purposes of regulation? What are the best practices and catcher in the, trends in define regulation? What characteristics of artificial intelligence present the in the rye analysis greatest danger including health and security risks to vendor inventory thesis people? Can legal regulation lower such risks, providing adequate protection right now? If not, when? Is it even possible for laws to regulate relations and consequences that will arise in the future (and with great likelihood instantly), as a result of the synergy of technology and systems, the effect of which may be understood and assessed by humans only after such synergy takes place? These are just a few of the issues artificial intelligence presents.
To explore this complex topic, we will gather around the lunch table at the St. Petersburg International Legal Forum. There, we’ll have a team of experts from all over the world. The considerable powers of our experts’ 100% natural intelligence will help us all to get a better understanding of the legal issues surrounding artificial intelligence. Edward Bekeschenko - partner, head of IT and Telecommunications practice group, Baker McKenzie.
Alexander Kuleshov - Sc.D, Information Technology and Mathematical Modeling specialist, Academician of the rye analysis Russian Academy of Sciences, president, Skolkovo Institute of Science and of essays, Technology Alexey Amvrosov - Counsel, Manager of Legal Department, Competence Area Leader, IBM Russia/CIS Alevtina Kamelkova - Counsel, IT and Telecommunications practice, Baker McKenzie Uliana Zinina - Ph.D. in Law, Legal Corporate Affairs manager, Microsoft Sergey Pereverzev - Chief Legal Officer, MegaFon. In these rapidly changing times, the above matters are of crucial importance, so we look forward to seeing you on 19 May at 1.00 p.m. from catcher rye analysis 14:00 to 16:30. Public/Private Partnerships in Water Supply and Sanitation: Partnership or Competition. Venue: the multimedia room of the Water Universe museum complex on the premises of Vodokanal St. Petersburg at Shpalernaya Street 56. The event’s keynote topics are: legal regulation of public/private partnership projects in water supply and sanitation, the accountability risks of how to a good essay, PPP vehicles, and ways to minimize the negative consequences. The following questions will be put to catcher in the rye analysis essays a debate: Philosophy of the legal regulation of managed thesis, PPP projects Creating project incentives through optimization of business practices Partnership of ideas. The idea of social accountability and the idea of profit-making Rivalry of interests between PPP stakeholders.
How to rye analysis balance rival interests. Marina V. Gassiy - Vice-President – General Council SUE Vodokanal of past and now, St. Rye Analysis. Petersburg Honoured Lawyer of the Russian Federation. Olga A. Makarova - Doctor of Law Assistant Professor Chair of Commercial Law Legal Department St. Petersburg University Konstantin K. Lebedev - Candidate of Law Assistant ProfessorChair of Commercial Law Legal Department St. A Good Topic. Petersburg University Hoffman Istvan - Assistant Professor Legal Department Eotvos Lorand University, Budapest Giovanna Stagno d’Alcontres - Legal Manager Siciliacque S.p.A. (Veolia Group) Palermo. from 17:30 to 18:30. Reserach presentation by Pravo. ru. Presentation of catcher in the essays, economic and legal index by Pravo.ru. Venue: Hyde Park, General Staff Building (6-8, Dvortsovaya sq.) from 10:00 to 14:00.
Venue: Kirov Central Park (4, Elagin island) Lawyers charity marathon Legal Run is the unique fundraising project which supports the japanese internment charity foundation. In The Rye Analysis. Participation requires preliminary registration at: legal.run/en/place/sankt-peterburg-en/ The use of Web site materials for commercial purposes is strictly prohibited without the express written permission of “CC “SPBILF” Ltd.
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The Catcher in the Rye Chapters 1-2 Summary and Analysis
Sample IELTS essay questions and topics. If you read enough IELTS books (or take the catcher in the rye analysis, exam too often!), you’ll soon realise that there are very definite IELTS topics. Life In The? There is a good reason for this: IELTS is catcher essays a very international exam and life essay the topics have to catcher in the essays, be suitable for all countries and all cultures. Accordingly, (nice word that) the people who set the exam tend to choose relatively everyday topics – the sort of topics all educated people should be able to speak and write about in their own language. So one obvious way to vendor, prepare for in the essays the exam is to define essay, practise writing and speaking about these topics. They are: While the topics are predictable enough, the actual questions are invariably extremely precise. Again, there is essays also a good reason for this: the examiners do not want you to learn an thesis essay, they want to test your English and see if you can answer a precise question, rather than produce a general answer to in the, a general topic. Remember that in the exam these words are always included: Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your knowledge or experience. This is no small point because it tells you that whatever the form of the question, you need to be able to explain and exemplify your answer ( see coherence).
How to like it, share it and summaries of essays save it. Get more help with IELTS preparation on the main pages of my site. Keep up with me on Facebook - all the in the rye analysis essays, updates and even more advice there. Or just get all my free lessons by email. 108 Responses to Sample IELTS essay questions and how to pick a good topics. if the task or question is rye analysis “to what extent do you argree or disagree” should i still present both sides of the argument and on my conclusion i? will sight my opinion? or at the first part of the of doctoral, essay (introduction), should i give my side already? and on the body would be the evidences or reasons why i chose such side of the in the, argument? Another good question. Summaries? There is no definite right or wrong answer here. But let me give you a few guidelines. One of the things the examiner is looking for is a clear point of view sustained throughout the essay.
Accordingly, it makes sense to rye analysis essays, state your point of view clearly in the introduction. This way it makes it easy for the examiner to see what you are doing. The one problem with this approach is that it makes your conclusion slightly harder to write, as you have already given your answer in the introduction. That much said, you can still wait until the conclusion to give your own personal opinion after looking at both sides of the argument. This is managed thesis perhaps the catcher rye analysis essays, slightly more academic approach and makes for a better balanced essay normally. If you do take this approach, my advice would be to state clearly in the introduction that you are going to look at both sides of the issue first before giving your personal opinion. would there be a difference in the essay outline or format if the question is “do you agree or disagree” and internment in canada “to what extent do you agree or disagree”? or same approach could be used? thanks so much! God bless? you!
This is a good question and rye analysis essays I apologise for not answering sooner. Of Doctoral? The short answer is that there is no major difference of approach required. If the question was “Do you agree or disagree?” Then you can still answer in catcher in the essays, your conclusion that “There are strong arguments on how to a good, both sides of the issue, but I tend to think that…” ie you can always agree to some extent. Likewise, if the question is “To what extent…” then you can still fully agree or fully disagree. Are there any sample question papers of writing? What about a discussion?
Is the catcher in the essays, another format to write it or it can also be considered as a for and against essay? “To What Extent” should be answered by choosing arguments to support one of 3 major stances: to a great extent, to a certain extent / to vendor managed inventory thesis, some extent, or to a lesser extent. The question is asking for catcher rye analysis essays a measurement. I have been experienced some issues about how to pick a good topic, understand the “main” question whenever I come accross “to what extent do you agree or disagree?” For example: “Creative artists should always be given the freedom to express their own ideas (in words, pictures, music or film) in catcher in the essays, whichever way they wish. There should be no government restrictions on what they do.
To what extent do you agree or disagree?(Cambridge IELTS 4)” Is it OK if I say that the life past essay, main question is ” Does government restrict freedom of speech?” As you said before, what’s the use of in the essays writting a good essay if you are not answering the question, but, how are we going to define deductive, be sure that we have understood the catcher essays, “hidden” argument? Thanks in advance! A really good question. One possible problem is that the question comes in 2 parts. This is of doctoral dissertation really quite common in in the, IELTS. If you do get a question like this, you need to make certain that you answer both parts of the question. in your example. That is life not really the case as the “they” in “There should be no government restrictions on catcher in the rye analysis essays, what they do” clearly links to the creative artists in the first sentence. So your reformulation does not work as it does not relate to “creative artists”.
In practical terms, my best suggestion is to underline key words in the question to deductive, make sure that you do not miss them out. one thing that why ielts exam performance sheet is not provided to candidate after result . beacuse if a candidate is not scoring the bands more than 5 or 5.5 then after knowing mistakes a person will able to correct it in next exam. How do we respond an catcher rye analysis essays essay that asks for dissertation our opinion ? Do we simply give our views all the way through? No one answer to this. All I would say is that you should make sure that any opinions are backed up with reasons/examples. If you do this, your essay will not just be all opinion even if every paragraph contains opinion. Can I please ask you two questions? Many people told me that I am not suppose to use ” I ” , “we” and ” you ” things like that in my writting.
But I noticed you actually use them quite often. does that mean I could use these words in my writting? Also, how to overcome umfamiliar topics? I feel one of the most frustrate thing is to think out ideas. I never can produce an essay in a limited time. I guess the problem for catcher rye analysis essays me is I do not have opinions at all. do you have any good suggestion about this? PS : I am going to have my IELTS exam this 29th, urgently need your advice! ;-)))
There are no hard and fast rules here. But it would certainly be a mistake to overuse personal pronouns in your writing. However, given that that the essay task is frequently an opinion based task and define deductive asks you for to use your own experience, it would be strange if you avoided the “I” altogether. IELTS is not academic writing – it is its own genre, The best advice is to answer the question. plz suggest me some tips my exam is on 18 may ,2016 And i am very confused bcos i am going to give this test first time. Dear Dominic Cole, in this forum, Could I ask you an essays assessment of citation of doctoral my essay relate to IELTS writing assessment ? Sorry, not for in the essays now. In The? I may start a grading service soon but sadly my time is too short. Hi What about if you are not familiar with asked essay topic. Can you answer the question with general writing?
You should do your best to answer the question as asked. You may get severely penalised if you write too generally and don’t answer the question. The idea is that the questions are designed for catcher in the essays anyone to answer and if you can’t you have a language problem. That sounds a little harsh, no? The trick is to use examples from your experience and that way you should find enough to write. I do recognise the problem though and I am planning a series of define deductive essay postings giving ideas and in the language to how to pick a good, deal with the most common topic areas. Thanks for in the the post, keep posting stuff. I was taking IELTS classes from a tutor. When she marked my Essay , because I gave example from my own experience she said I am subjective.She thinks in deductive, Academic Writing one should write on general ie effects on society. Catcher In The Rye Analysis? However, I argue and told her that question stated that you can give example from define essay your own experience.Do you think if I give my own experience the examiner will mark me down? Absolutely not.
I hate to in the rye analysis, contradict other teachers – a very bad habit – but in this case I will. The rubric to the essay question almost always contains these words: “include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experience” This means that you actually ought to include examples from define your own knowledge/experience. From this point of view, academic IELTS is not exactly the same as general academic writing where you typically don’t do this so much. The question remains though how you do it.
I would suggest that you don’t want to use the first person “I” too much and that maybe is what your tutor is catcher in the essays worried about. This is an extremely good point that you have raised and I will post a lesson on this in the next couple of days. It’s very true that it doesn’t matter if your writing is subjective or not. Deductive Essay? The way you express your ideas and catcher construct your writing matter. IELTS is designed for the purpose of testing English capability so it shouldn’t take into account the level of your education. Feel free to express your ideas but on top of everything, keep it academic! Sir, i have been teaching ielts for about four years with excellent results. The latest rubrics for wrtiing task 2 state that the essay has to be based on knowledge OR experience and NOT on both. Managed Inventory Thesis? Please maintain contact with me for further details. Thank you for the correction on the exact wording.
I do take issue with your interpretation of it though. It is entirely possible for candidates to use one example based on their knowledge and another based on their experience: this satisfies both the rubric and the grading criteria. Candidates can choose between the two options and are not restricted to in the rye analysis essays, one or the other: if that were the case, the define, rubric would read “either knowledge or experience”. In The Rye Analysis Essays? What has not happened is of essays that the new rubric has invented a new dichotomy between “knowledge-based” and “experience-based” essays. Incidentally, the rubric was changed to put the emphasis on the task itself and to delete “complicated” language such as “written argument”. The idea is supposed to in the rye analysis, simple and the key to understanding the new rubric is that it explicitly asks candidates to be “relevant” in in the past and now essay, their examples and that these support the main points. Read this report by the chief IELTS examiner in Australia: http://www.englishaustralia.com.au/index.cgi?E=hcatfuncs#038;PT=sl#038;X=getdoc#038;Lev1=pub_c06_07#038;Lev2=c05_hogan. i am from Iran (just wanted you to know that people from catcher rye analysis essays my country visit your website, too).
I’ve been searching the net for ages to find a website that can help me with my ielts essay questions and college essay i now i can say yours is one of the bestests #128521; i have some questions. will you help me with them please? 1. in your “The three different types of in the IELTS essay question” you have clearly mentioned in which type of essay we should give our own opinion. can you see this page please: http://hubpages.com/hub/How-to-identify-the-type-of-essay-to-write-in-the-IELTS. i am confused a little. in which type should i reflect my opinion? and more importantly in summaries of essays, which paragraph? 2. under which type does advantage/disadvantage, cause and effect/ problem/solution essays fall? discussion or argument? you seem to insist that all of them are argument type, but hubpages.com seems to differ. 3. what is explanatory essay? Except theses common essay topics that you’ve mentioned, are there any more to catcher in the rye analysis essays, add to this list?in Iran it seems the recent ielts test have been exposing the examinees to some different topics (speaking:what qualities should a leader have?does your political one have?, etc) thanks an ocean for spending time for us. hlo dominic i do not get the of essays, ideas while writing an essay,what would you like to suggest to catcher in the essays, do thats why my essay is always too short and to make it bigger i repeat some lines in diffent way. Typically, I advise my students to think of examples and citation of doctoral dissertation reasons. It is very easy to get stuck when you are looking for ideas.
Ask yourself the in the, questions “Why is that true?”or “how can I explain that?” if a question says ‘agree’ or ‘disagree’,then what should i write in th body paragraphs. whether i have to stick to agree only through out the whole essay or also have to write something about why i diasgree please answer me correctly. hello mister Cole. In the ielts academic exam ( writing ) , I heard that there will only be an argumentative essay. is that true ? and internment camps in canada essay if not what else ? Ah. It depends what you mean by argumentative. The problem is catcher rye analysis essays different teachers use different words to describe types of summaries essay. I am guilty of rye analysis essays this too. To try and answer your question, there are different types of essay you need to be able to write. These include: discussing both sides of an issue. commenting on a proposal to solve a problem.
looking at two different options and deciding which is citation dissertation better. giving solutions to in the, a problem. I could go on. You should understand that you need to be able to answer different types of questions. The secret as ever is to read the question and think hard about it before writing. Think about what it is asking you to do. The mistake is to learn one model essay and try and write the same essay all the time.
Very helpful post for IELTS Students. (I am writing here since I could not find an email to write to) first of all I want to compliment you for your website. It is a very usefull resource for the preparation of the of doctoral dissertation, IELTS Test, the information are presented in a clear and essays nice way. They are structured very well and past the user does not end up being overwhelmed by catcher rye analysis essays, the amount of define deductive essay information. This is a very important point -at least to me-, because reading your site had the catcher, result of calming me me and improve my self confidence for the exam. Citation Of Doctoral Dissertation? This is often not the catcher in the essays, case on the internet, where you mostly hand up panicking, which is camps in canada higly counter-productive. Nevertheless I am writing you because I would like to in the, present to you my essay for define deductive essay the writing academic task 2. Essays? I would really like to have a feedback from you, because unfortunately I can’t find no one to summaries of essays, correct me one and I would like to have an opinion before I take the catcher in the, exam (which is in 7 days: unfortunately I have found your website late #128577; ). I am not asking you to citation of doctoral, correct every mistake, just to read it once and catcher in the give me your impression and maybe the main points that I have to be careful about in the test (the first being word number: by rewriting to the computer I have just seen a lot of mistakes that I could have corrected if I had the time, thing which I haven’t). If it possible can you say to me around band score I am? Or, is japanese camps essay this essay enough good for a minimum band score of 5.5? I am really looking forward to in the rye analysis essays, read an of essays answer from you and I thank you in advance for your courtesy.
Write about the following topic: In many countries schools have severe problems with student behaviour. What do you think ar the in the essays, causes of this? What solutions can you suggest? One of the most important problem in the schools is the student behaviour. In fact it is known that in many countries episodes of vandalism, disrespect or bullism are frequent in the schools. This issue should be handled particularly carefully, because we have not to forget that the school has to prepare the students to college topic, become responsible adult. It is catcher essays therefore very important to individuate the causes and the possible solutions to be applied, in dissertation, order for the school to fullfill its educational role in in the essays, the best way.
We should take into account the basic fact that no one has a bad behaviour only for the reason to be “bad”. Often those behaviours are the summaries, expressions of other, hidden problems. One of the main cause could be the stress that the students frequently have to essays, face in in the past and now essay, the school. Exams, homeworks, presentations for many subjects put an incredible pressure over essays the students, that sometimes will be incapable of handling the citation of doctoral, stress. Bad behaviour thus manifests itself has a rebellion against the stress, a hidden “stop it” shout.
Nevertheless it is rye analysis my opinion that the main source of bad behaviour of students is to how to pick topic, be found outside the school, namely in the private life of the students. With both my parents being teachers, I know with certainity that an instable family environment is very often the cause of arrogant and generally bad behaviour. Where the kids are left alone or treated bad by their family members, they can end up manifesting their anger at the school, during the catcher rye analysis, lessons or in the corridors. Those problems suggest their solutions. The amount of stress to which the students are underponed should be carefull analyzed by the teachers and accurately be revised and adjusted. The task is life in the past of course not easy, because a certain amount of stress is catcher in the rye analysis inevitable, is the quality of the of doctoral dissertation, school has to be preserved. Regarding family problems, it is my firm convinction that child that were raised (or still are) in instable family environment should be followed carefully by expers, such as psyhcologists and pedagogists, and sustained by teachers, in order to allow them to retrieve their happiness and catcher bring their life back on the tracks.
Summarizing, students can answer to exagerate stress acting bad: thus the solution is to carefully control and adjust the pressures on the students. A more important cause of problematic behaviour is the family where student lives, that can already be a source of problems and instability. Students should be therefore sustained by expers in their personal issues. (you can answer me via email if you want) Sorry for the delay. Had a quick look and it looks an extremely good essay. My one concern is length. Japanese Camps In Canada? sometimes shorter can be better.
Sorry but I simply don’y have the time to look at individual essays. This is a very good job. It was clearly given how to approach a task since you already have given the clue how to practice a certain topic, and so, through this, many IELTS writing examinees will have the in the rye analysis, idea now on how to write and speak appropriately. TheIELTSSolution.com. it is my first acknowlegment of this wonderful site. Please, i have started to practice writing essay and I need a professional tutor to assess my writing. I would like to how to college essay, know if I can send my essays to be assessed. hey can any one (specially Dominic Cole) tell some essay topics that might be asked in September 2011 (24th Sep.). please reply fast i need some important topics . Sorry, I have no way of telling – there’s a pretty large stock of questions. My general advice is to essays, revise vocabulary for a good college essay the key topic areas before the exam (you can find these on the essay question page) and then to make sure you read the exact question in catcher in the essays, the exam as closely as possible. I know that this is really boring advice – but be very careful about life in the and now essay, looking at “recent essay questions”.
For me, their only in the, real value is to citation of doctoral dissertation, tell you the types of topic you will need to write about and what sort of vocab you need. Very frequently, the task part of the question – the catcher in the, bit that tells you what you need to do – is wrongly reported. Thank you very much for your helpful hints and appreciable and dedicated efforts.As a candidate who took nearly 10 exams, I confess that I owe too much to you. This is a very simple way to say thank you. Pleasure. I hope it’s worked out for you now. 10 tests is a lot – painful. Hi Dominic, very good exam website thankyou. Please, how much is band reduce for japanese short answer?
Happy world rabies day! It rather depends how short the answer is. Catcher Essays? My understanding/recollection is that you cannot get above 5.0 for task response unless you use 250 words. Your blog seems really good since you give sample IELTS essay questions and topics that would somehow helpful to camps in canada, those IELTS writing examinees. Catcher Essays? This would serve as a guideline for them because it discusses and japanese internment essay shows the exam process of IELTS writing through giving sample question formats, topics and tips. Rye Analysis? Through this, they can practice more in writing their essays and would develop their skills more on writing. TheIELTSSolution.com. dear Dominic Cole, can you please suggest me i started my writing task 1 and of doctoral dissertation task 2 at appropriate place but.in task 2 i need another page the invigilator give me page and catcher in the essays stick behind task 2..but unfortunately i continue my task 2 on the first page (task 1)..if they will penalised me..p;ease answer me because i m in dilemma i write both task very well. when i came home then one of inventory thesis my friend told me that you have to write on 3rd page becz it’s task 2..no one give announcement for that..will it affect my score?? please answer as soon as possible.. I’m afraid I don’t have the answer to that one. Catcher In The Rye Analysis Essays? I suspect that it wouldn’t make any difference. In Canada Essay? The examiner is in the rye analysis essays likely to have worked out what you did.
sir, i humbly wish to deductive, draw your kind attention to the fact the according to the latest rubrics, ielts essays have to be based on catcher in the, knowledge or experience NOT knowledge AND experience .i have been teaching ielts for around four years and ask my students to scrupulously keep this fact in mind.Please answer. Are you seriously suggesting that candidates would be penalised for using both knowledge and experience?! As someone who holds a masters in summaries, philosophy, I would be delighted if you could enlighten me as to exact distinction between them. Catcher In The Rye Analysis Essays? I feel perfectly certain that 100% of IELTS examiners would be unable to pick a good college essay, split that particular epistemological hair. I believe you will find that “or” enables candidates to do both.
If I offer you “coffee or tea”, I would not be offended if you decided to have both. The purpose of rephrasing the rubrics was to essays, make them more accessible – if you read the source papers. The purpose was not to introduce a new challenge to candidates. sir, i personally think that words i , we , you should be eschewed from task one along with copying the introduction from the statement of question (from task 2 as well) and sole emphasis should be laid on grouping the subject matter and define comparisons . Catcher In The Rye Analysis Essays? This is what i ask my students to do . Eschewed! a long time since I saw that word used in earnest. Japanese Camps In Canada? I see your point about “you” and “I” in task 1, but cannot agree with you about “we”.
I agree with you about copying wording from the question. The (difficult) skill is to essays, rephrase the question without repeating it so that you have a valid introduction. I have given the IELTS recently and scored overall band 8 but the problem I faced was in in the and now essay, my writing section I got only 6.5 and I need a score of minimum to get into the university I desire for. CAN YOU PLEASE HELP ME.. Your blog is very helpful. In The? With these guidelines, Ielts exam takers can have a better understanding and therefore feel more confident in vendor inventory, their exams. pls can anybody suggest me reading techniques ?? specially for headings n yes/no/not given i cnt get more thn 6.
You will find my own suggestions on the reading page. In The Rye Analysis Essays? The key is to inventory thesis, understand the difference between No and catcher rye analysis essays Not Given. help me #128578; write for and against argumentative essay Taking exams : for and against. I’ll see what I can do for you. It’s the japanese camps in canada, sort of catcher in the rye analysis topic you need to be able to write and speak about. I’ll try and post something next week.
Thanks but I need it for Monday. #128578; good job, Dominic. which kind of English should i register for, general or academic? my intention is to apply for a job as a nurse. Life? I’ve seen somewhere, they were saying there are some professions which requires academic English, i am afraid nursing might fall under that category but I’ve already registered for general English. If you are headed for in the essays the UK, it will be academic IELTS you need. Summaries? I’m not sure about Australia, but I imagine that there too the IELTS requirement would be academic. When did you apply? Normally, you can get a refund of your fee if you cancel 5 weeks before. Contact your local test centre. It may be that they might also take pity on in the essays, you and allow you to transfer to academic.
This is the first time i visited this site. In Australia, you need a minimum of 7.0 in every exam including the OBS. And the requirement there is Academic. I have a very big problem with preparing for deductive essay IELTS( Academic). I took IELTS for 3 times and catcher in the rye analysis my overal band score was 6.0 in all of them. My first time I scored 6.0 in every module.
The second and the third I had 5.5 in Listening, 6 in Reading and Writing and 6.5 in Speaking. I really don’t know from where to start with studying, I have many books for IELTS, but I don’t know which one is the best. Please suggest me only 4 four books (one for every part of the exam) which are the best according to you. I desperately need 7.0 in every part of the test. Appreciation for this infmortiaon is over 9000-thank you! Can i use pencil to deductive essay, attempt IELTS writing test?please anyone must reply me. I want to find out catcher in the rye analysis essays, whether it is appropriate to write less that three words where it is stated that one should use no more than three words. Also, I would like to inquire maybe it is japanese camps in canada important to interpret a graph, line, table or chart by beginning from any point. Rye Analysis? Front, Middle or Back. I shall be looking forward to receiving your reply.
Thanking you in advance. No more than 3 words means 1, 2 or 3 words. you helped me a lot. I have studying on your website recently. I found it great and life in the a resourceful webpage. I have taken the catcher in the rye analysis essays, IELTS at least 7 times now, and I have not achieved my required results yet. I need a band score of 8 in each module. My next exam is on the 31.03.12, any more advice Sir?In my last 2 exam, I got 6.5 in Writing. Your website is of great help for those who want to take IELTS #128521; I just want to ask you this question: Other cultures highly value old people, while others value young people.
Discuss both opposing views and give your opinion. I wanted to ask you a question about the IELTs and in partictular about managed, paragraphs. When I did my ielts test, I finished the writing task 2, and left one line empty between each paragraph. However, when I wrote the conclusion, I left 4-5 empty lines and then started the conclusion. I did this because I was sort of running out of time, and didnt know if I wanted to add anything else in the last paragraph( the one before conclusion. so it looked a bit like this. Do you thing this will affect the mark I get? No, I very much doubt it- examiners are intelligent people. I am really grateful to in the, you as I only prepared for my IELTS examination from this website and I got band 8 in all modules except writing where I got 7.5.
You are awesome. In simply words . No you shoulndot give your side immediately give yours conclusion step by step. Firstly explain both sides and internment camps then which you like most give him side . Agree or disagree is most important part choose 1 thing . Yes you should choose a type of argument the main factor. i m so confused which book to catcher, choose for life in the essay preparing ielts so plz woud u like to suggest me which book to study. After I initially commented I clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get 4 emails with the same comment.
Is there any means you possibly can remove me from that service? Thanks! Sorry there is nothing I can do about that as I do not have details of that service. I can only suggest that you move the post to spam!! Congrats on catcher in the essays, your blog. One question thou, some literature state there are 4 different types of essays instead of the 3 types you mention in life past and now essay, your blog, these are: Do you agree with this? if so, when we have a “to what extent do you agree or disagree” type of question, which kind of in the essays essay will that be from the 4 types mentioned above?x. Hmmmm. I do need to go back to that post. In The Past Essay? The division you maker does make sense.
In truth though I increasingly wonder how helpful it is to categorise different essay types rather than just looking at catcher in the rye analysis, the particular question in front of you and answering the question as it is asked. I say this because I feel some candidates get trapped by trying to follow a particular formula. I will put this on my to do list. Thank you for your comment. firstly thanks for the effort you have made for us.anyway i am having problem in differentiating between agree/disgree and to what extent do you agree/disagree..i have seen essays written both by summaries, discussing both topic in essays, 4 paragrpah model and also taking only define deductive essay, one position.does the topic content make difference on essays, choosing the format of such essay? Good question. You will find advice that gives you quite strict guidelines on how to answer different question types -setting out formulae/formulas for each type of define deductive question. I am never really convinced by that approach, I much prefer the approach of looking at catcher rye analysis, each question on deductive essay, its own merits and focussing on answering the question as it is asked. I realise that that may not seem particularly helpful, so here is my general advice.
The introduction and conclusion are the areas where you need to focus on addressing the question and giving your clear answer to it. So in those paragraphs you need to outline your your position in relation to the question and give your answer. Even if the question is “do you agree?”, it is open to you to say I agree but only up to a point. The content paragraphs are where you introduce the reasons for your point of catcher essays view. Typically, the academic thing to do is to in the essay, look at both sides of the issue – even if you have a strong opinion for one point of view. Catcher In The? This can work with almost IELTS agree/disagree type questions. Certainly, with my own students, I encourage them to of essays, look at in the, both sides of the life, issue, as for essays them IELTS is simply a passport to academic courses at deductive essay, university and I want them to learn the skills of academic writing.That said, it is open to you to take just one position and argue that – on condition that you outline this is your introduction and the question does not ask you to look at both sides of the question.
Hi Dominic Cole i introduced of your blog before few days of my IELTS exam; i also took suggestion as far as possible. i participated on catcher in the, IELTS exam 1st September 2012 but unfortunately my writing task was out of how to topic my general knowledge of the topics. I frustrated what i should write? my topic was quoted you. It was. ” It is a natural process of in the rye analysis animal species to become extinct (e.g dinosaurs, dodos etc). Vendor Thesis? There is no reason why people should try to happening this. Do you agree or disagree?” in this case how i prepare myself to get excellent score? any suggestion? please. Hi Dominic cole, I have given Ilets exam in catcher in the rye analysis, General three times and every time i got 6.5 in writing but i need 7 each.How can i practice writing at home and know where is the mistake in my writing to improve.Please give some tips. Define? Thank you. i m having my exam on 22nd sept i m not able to pass i m giving 2nd time plzz give some suggestion what should i do i m not having that much time to prepare plzzz try to give suggestion abt ielts.
you done very well. Essays? your blog guide me to citation, significant progress… thanks a lot… Hi there to catcher in the rye analysis essays, every single one, it’s in fact a pleasant for me to go to see this website, it includes precious Information. Awesome blog! Do you have any suggestions for summaries aspiring writers? I’m planning to start my own blog soon but I’m a little lost on. everything. Would you suggest starting with. a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many options out there that I’m completely confused .. Any recommendations? Cheers! Practiced essay need to in the rye analysis, get it reviewed, How can i do that.
I suggest you contact one of the tutors on the site. As an ESOL teacher , this is a well thought out, clearly presented and, importantly, helpful website. I have found it extremely useful for my own and my students’ use. Hy, I dont have much to ask for right now. Just wanted to clarify a query for writing test.
Do we get choice to select the essay types as in, for summaries instance choose 2 from given 3 topics…kind of. I hope you get what I mean in this context. Please excuse my lame language. Hello, I was just wondering is there any difference in scoring of catcher in the academic and general writing ? I felt, the citation of doctoral, vocab section in academic test , requires more academic words.If not, candidates will not score a 7 or 8 in it (. Catcher Essays? ). Citation Dissertation? And what about ‘ agree or disagree / positive or negative types questions? Is it necessary to stick with one side in the opinion paragraph? ie; 2 positive points and 1 negative point. Catcher In The Essays? Can I still conclude it as ‘positive’ ? Logically, it doesn’t make sense as the negative side would nullify one of the positive effects, wouldn’t it? Could we go like ‘ it may be positive’ in this case ( if the define deductive essay, question is ‘ is this positive or negative’)? Why many students are not getting 9 in task response? Is it mainly because of the in the essays, lack of relevant example ? If you could be any of my assistance, I’d really grateful.
I have had a question for internment in canada essay writing task 2. When I went to school to catcher in the rye analysis, prepare for IELTS, they said I should not use “I, you” when I write task 2. I could use “It is said/ believed/ stated that…”. Generally, they said I should not use 1st 2nd like “I, U”, should use negative voice. What do you think about this opinion? Good question. My own preference is to avoid the “I”, but that does not mean you can never use it.
There are times when you want to make it clear that this is your opinion and then personal language is life in the past more appropriate. It may be more stylist though to use “In my view” rather than “I think” what will happen if i write agree/disagree while question ask for both view. Thank you for the great ideas. Catcher Essays? I have to focus on some time I choose to how to pick a good, adopt to catcher in the rye analysis, write a article. It is how to very important that you keep to catcher in the rye analysis, the topic. Don’t stray onto something else! Hey DC .. I need essay writing templates that include some general words, necessary for any kind of essay.. Citation Dissertation? Please help me. dear dominic i m writing from india my exam on 6 september 2014 …..pls help me in writing topics….for ex…….SMOKING SHOULD BE BANNED ON PUBLIC PLACES……TO WHAT EXTENT DO U AGREE OR DISAGREE……..can i discribe in introduction that smoking should banned …then in first body paragraph problems by rye analysis, smoking in internment camps in canada essay, public places then in second paragraph effects of smoking in public places …..then in conclusion about in the, goverment should take hard step to stop this………….also tell me in agree disagree we must have to dicusss both …….answer soon..
I find your website really helpful. but i have faced a problem regarding your section of life in the and now letter writing for general ielts. I need to prepare for in the rye analysis essays general ielts but as soon as i click on the section, error occurs. So please fix the problem. Regards. Can you point me to the exact link that doesn’t work. It all seems fine to me. Many of the links for essay the topics are broken. How many people have visited your website?
Of them, what is the % from China? DCielts provides useful information in helping Chinese students who are planning to sit Ielts or Toefl. Thanks. I found your website very useful for catcher rye analysis essays me. Thanks to your sample essays, I was able to japanese camps essay, get 8 for writing. Thank you very much sir. Actually I m very confuse about writing task 2 ( Essay Writing ).Is it possible that Same Essay topic will come again next IELTS exam?Which topic I refere maximum for exam?Can you please guide me sir? thank’s dominic you helped me a lot. Sir my IELTS test will be on next week: and i need at least 6 bands in rye analysis essays, writing:
Some people claim that not enough of the pick a good essay topic, waste from homes is recycled. Catcher In The Essays? They say that the vendor managed thesis, only way to increase recycling is for in the essays governments to of doctoral dissertation, make it a legal requirement. Mostly the recycled product is come from the catcher rye analysis, home wastage’s, but nowadays concerned department are claiming that waste material from home is not properly enough as it should be. Some people of the society believe that it is the negligence of people that waste material are not receiving enough by define, the concerned organization from the society, therefore, they believe that a legislation should be passed for catcher rye analysis essays making it a legal requirement. As far as my opinion is concerned there should be a law for recycling, but, it is how to pick essay also the responsibility of the society and media as well. Organizations for recycling are doing their job in in the essays, a proper manner. Life In The Past? They collected every garbage from the street even from the gutters as well. Catcher? In contrast, residents of the society are not participating with the recycling workforce; moreover, it happens due to lack of awareness in people for the importance of recycling garbage. Secondly, there is the negligence factor as well in the society in participating with recycling department. For instance, people throw their house waste material into their dustbins without separating the recycled material from the pick a good college essay topic, un-recycled material.
Even a recently conducted survey revealed the fact that the 50% materials which can be recycled are wasted because they are not separated from the non-recyclable material by the residents of the society. Secondly, citizens of the society are not giving enough importance in the recycling of wastage, therefore, government should pass the legislation that garbage should be separated as recycled and non-recycled wastage, moreover, people should pack that recyclable product and put them in in the, a separate box instead of throwing in the dustbin. In addition, government should also penalize those people who are not obeying the summaries of essays, law. Therefore, these acts restrict the citizens to follow the law and help the recycling department to in the essays, get as much garbage as the organizations wanted to recycle. After viewing above all discussion, it would lead me to life in the past and now essay, conclude on the note that people should feel the importance material and legislation should be passed for waste material.
These kind of in the essays acts would be enough to enhance the proportion of past and now waste material. […] Sample essay questions and sample essays […]
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The Catcher in the Rye Passage Analysis Essay Examples
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19 Websites and Magazines That Want to Publish Your Personal Essays. They’re all over your Facebook feed, and for good reason. Personal essays by popular authors and novices alike are relatable, engrossing reads. Sometimes, their heart-wrenching reflections stay with you for days. For reporters or academics, it can be hard to step back from catcher rye analysis research rituals and internment camps, write from rye analysis essays personal experience. But a personal essay can endear you to an audience, bring attention to an issue, or simply provide comfort to a reader who’s “been there.” “Writing nonfiction is not about telling your story,” says Ashley C. Ford , an essayist who emphasized the importance of creating a clear connection between your personal experience and universal topics. “It’s about telling interesting and worthy stories about the essay, human condition using examples from your life.” But don’t worry if your life doesn’t seem exciting or heart-wrenching enough to expound upon; think of it as writing through yourself, instead of about yourself. “There are few heroes and even fewer villains in real life,” she said. “If you’re going to write about your human experience, write the truth. It’s worth it to write what’s real.” Where to in the essays submit your personal essays. Japanese Internment Essay? Once you’ve penned your essay, which publications should you contact? We’ve all heard of — and likely submitted to — The New York Times’ Modern Love column, but that’s not the only outlet that accepts personal narratives. “Submit to the places you love that publish work like yours,” Ford advises, but don’t get caught up in the size of the publication. And “ recognize that at catcher essays, small publications you’re way more likely to a good college find someone with the time to really help you edit a piece. ” To help you find the catcher in the rye analysis, right fit, we’ve compiled a list of 20 publications that accept essay submissions, as well as tips on how to pitch the editor , who to contact and, whenever possible, how much the outlet pays. We’d love to summaries make this list even more useful, so if you have additional ideas or details for these publications or others, please leave them below in catcher in the essays, the comments!
The Boston Globe Magazine Connections section seeks 650-word first-person essays on relationships of any kind. It pays, though how much is unclear. Submit to firstname.lastname@example.org with “query” in the subject line. Send your pitches about breakfast, brunch, or the culture of mornings to email@example.com or the editor of the section you’re pitching. Pay appears to be around 40 cents per word. This publication is how to a good college essay topic, aimed at women over 30. Catcher Rye Analysis Essays? “We aim to entertain, inform, and inspire,” the of essays, editors note , “But mostly entertain.” Send your pitch to firstname.lastname@example.org . Pay varies. Essays — 4,000 words max — should have a “literary quality.” Include your work in the body of your email to make it easy for catcher in the essays the editor to review, and define deductive essay, send to email@example.com. No pay. Must-read personal essay: “Call My Name” by Gina Easley. Want to catcher in the rye analysis write for inventory thesis this Jewish parenting site?
To submit, email firstname.lastname@example.org with “submission” somewhere in the subject line. Include a brief bio, contact information, and your complete original blog post of 700 words max. Suggested word count is 500-700 words. The site pays $25 per post. A progressive, feminist magazine that welcomes all genders to submit content.
Email your pitch or full submission. There’s no pay, but it’s a supportive place for a first-time essayist. Must-read personal essay: “ My Body Dysmorphia, Myself ” by Joanna C. Valente. This U.K. magazine has a helpful contributor’s guide . Unsolicited submissions, while rarely accepted, are paid; if an editor likes your pitch, you’ll hear back in 24 hours. The popular Modern Love feature accepts submissions of rye analysis essays 1,700 words max at email@example.com. Include a Word attachment, but also paste the camps in canada essay, text into your message. Consult the Times’ page on pitching first, and like Modern Love on Facebook for catcher in the even more insight.
Rumor has it that a successful submission will earn you $250. (Correction added Oct. Summaries Of Essays? 9, 2014: Payment is $300, The New York Times writes on its Facebook page .) Amy Sutherland’s column, “ What Shamu Taught Me About a Happy Marriage ,” which ran in 2006, landed her a book contract with Random House and a movie deal with Lionsgate, which is in preproduction. “I never saw either coming,” Sutherland said. Another option is the Lives column in the New York Times Magazine. To submit, email firstname.lastname@example.org. Salon accepts articles and story pitches to catcher rye analysis the appropriate section with “Editorial Submission” in the subject line and the query/submission in vendor inventory, the body of the email. Include your writing background or qualifications, along with links to three or four clips. “I was compensated $150 for my essay,” says Alexis Grant, founder of The Write Life, “but that was several years ago.
All in all, working with the editor there was a great experience.” Who Pays Writers reports average pay of about 10 cents per word. Indicate the section you’re pitching and “article submission” in your subject line, and send to email@example.com. Average reported pay is about 23 cents per word. In The Rye Analysis? Each print issue has a specific cultural theme and welcomes both fiction and nonfiction. Stories and essays of 5,000 words max earn up to $250. Review periods are limited, so check their submission guidelines to make sure your work will be read with the thesis, next issue in mind. Submit online . Must-read personal essay: “ Fire Island ,” by Christopher Locke. The Billfold hopes to make discussing money less awkward and more honest. Send your pitch to firstname.lastname@example.org . Who Pays Writers notes a rate of about 3 cents per word , but this writer would consider the experience and exposure to be worth the low pay. Motherwell seeks parenting-related personal essay submissions of catcher in the essays up to 1200 words.
Submit a full piece; all contributors are paid. Must-read personal essay: “ The Length of the Pause ” by Tanya Mozias Slavin. Summaries Of Essays? This publication focuses on California’s Bay Area. Strong POV and a compelling personal writing style are key. Catcher Essays? Pay varies.
Email email@example.com. Citation? Submit essays of 800-2000 words to this lifestyle site geared toward women. In The Rye Analysis? Pay averages about 5 cents per word. Focuses on japanese internment camps essay essays that “intersect culture.” Submit finished essays online in the category that fits best. Wait three months before following up. Must-read personal essay: “ Not a Widow ” by Michelle Miller. Catcher In The Rye Analysis? This personal-finance website welcomes submissions that discuss ways to make or save money. Pick Topic? Read the guidelines before emailing your submission. Pay varies. Submit a story or essay of 10,000 words max in either September or March. Wait six days before emailing to check the status of your submission.
Cover letters should include a word count and indicate whether the catcher rye analysis, submission is fiction, nonfiction, or poetry. Must-read personal essay: “ More with Less ,” by Rachel Yoder. Life In The? Narratively accepts pitches and complete pieces between 1,000 and catcher, 2,000 words that tell “original and untold human stories.” Pay averages 6 cents per word. Still looking for ideas? Meghan Ward ’s blog post, “20 Great Places to Publish Personal Essays,” is worth perusing. MediaBistro also offers a section called How to managed inventory thesis Pitch as part of their AvantGuild subscription , which has an annual fee of $55. This post originally ran in October 2014. We updated it in December 2016. Have other ideas or details to add?
Share with us in the comments! Lisa Rowan is catcher in the rye analysis, a writer, editor and podcaster based in St. Petersburg, Florida. Essay? Unconventional Guide to Freelance Writing. Catcher Essays? While it#8217;s easy to start a freelance writing business, it#8217;s much harder to summaries of essays actually run one. This guide will help your business thrive #8212; not just survive. Wow, excellent list!
But no mention of Huffington Post. They don#8217;t pay but the exposure is excellent, esp some of thei subcategories like Huff/Post50. Good add, Mithra! Are these US -only? Does anyone know of any such a range for UK? Each publication will vary, although I#8217;ve heard that many will accept submissions from around the world!
Thanks a lot to catcher in the essays Lisa and the writelife website. Pick Essay Topic? I#8217;m a new writer, I#8217;ve just finished writing a personal true life story about my mom who#8217;s passed away in 1995. We are Chinese. Essays? I was educated in United States decades ago, still here. Would Write Life like to receive a small part of how to a good essay my mom#8217;s story as submission, if so, how much will I get paid?! We don#8217;t accept submissions like yours, but one of the publications mentioned in this post may be happy to in the essays receive your work!
Thank you so much for citation of doctoral this information. In The Essays? I was wondering if I could send my articles and travel writings somewhere. This list is very helpful Lisa Rowan and thanks. I would like to add http://www.nuwla.com if I may to this list. It#8217;s a platform I created for regular people in the black community to submit content to of doctoral dissertation inspire and inform the black community diaspora.
We launched on December 15, 2015. In The Essays? Mam I#8217;m from summaries of essays India and very enthusiast to write of any topics like as essay or books.but so far have no idea where I pushed to essays select one of the best platform where this can get select it for how to pick a good topic all. As I here want to know give me email or website where I can write personally on about Nature as I topics is #8220;Neighbour of the water#8221;.in that title I am written about in the essays, 500+words.this is internment in canada essay, based on short story so that it can published any of journal or more like I appraise or got fame#8230;plz help me in this regard.Thanks! Hi Lisa mam I am from rye analysis essays INDIA and want to write an article on working Indian women and their lifestyle along with what their family members think specially in-laws and children. Well I just want to know whether such article will be accepted if I apply in any of the INTERNATIONAL MAGAZINES. Thanks for japanese essay this great list, Alexis! Mithra I have scoured the HuffPost page looking for rye analysis submission guidelines but have come up empty. Define Deductive Essay? The #8220;Send us a blog-pitch#8221; link is not working either.
Any suggestions? Thank you! I can help you out. I frequently post to catcher in the rye analysis essays The Huffington Post and many writers have asked me how I did this. I#8217;ve written a blog post with some suggestions. It#8217;s been successful for quite a few.
Hope it works for internment essay you and if it is, let me know! Thanks so much for responding, William! I will take a look at your blog post and let you know if I am successful. Thank you William#8230; William, Thank you! I emailed the link to in the rye analysis essays myself to have it handy after I#8217;ve familiarized myself with items that made it onto Huffington Post. I#8217;d be proud to have something of japanese camps in canada essay mine show up there, to in the rye analysis get a chance to citation of doctoral support them. I mostly write fiction novels but I#8217;ve been published in FAMILY CIRCLE MAGAZINE (a non-fiction piece) and in the rye analysis, am not averse to opening up my market. fiction novels.
That#8217;s an oxymoron! I just checked out japanese your blog. Catcher Rye Analysis? Great information. Thank you so much. I will look into this. I#8217;ve been writing for years but have yet to publish a thing. This list gives me a much-needed push to get moving on of essays this.
Thank you! Can anyone email them or its only for people living in in the essays, US like i live in kuwait (middleeastern country )so can i send my any written work ?? In response to your questions about college topic, submitting to the Huffington Post, you might be interested in this link explaining how things have recently changed for prospective bloggers/contributors to the Huffington Post. http://www.carefulcents.com/get-published-on-the-huffington-post/ I myself was invited to blog for them a little over a year ago, following an catcher rye analysis essays article of mine that their #8220;blogging editor#8221; came across in another publication. Per this link, https://contributor.huffingtonpost.com/cms/signup it was possible to sign up until recently to just try and become a contributor through this new portal they had created. Camps In Canada? However, now this seems to be closed to new requests since Arianna Huffington has left. Things seem to be evolving, so my only rye analysis essays, suggestion is just to how to a good college keep tabs on it, write to in the essays editors, try and make an inroad. Frustrating, yes. How To Pick A Good Essay Topic? Good luck! Thanks for the great list!
Thanks for the list and valuable information. I will be making some pitches to these publication real soon. #128521; The Write Life continually surprises me. There#8217;s always very informative useful content #128578; Hi Julie #8212; Thanks! I am obsessed with this post#8230; I#8217;m going to use it to place some pieces of my travel memoir. In The? Kudos to Lisa for putting together such a valuable list! THANK YOU THANK YOU THANK YOU LISA! I have been searching for months for of essays this sort of guidance. I write travel based narratives, but so many magazines are looking for #8220;round ups#8221; and other helpful articles, it was feeling like good old story telling was being sent to the sidelines.
I think I#8217;m now obsessed too Alexis! Time to rye analysis get pitching. Life Past? Good luck everyone. I#8217;m glad you liked the post, Gai. Best of luck with your pitches! TWL Assistant Editor. To add to catcher in the rye analysis essays the list: Creative Nonfiction! We#8217;re always reading and often are looking for personal essays on specific themes. We#8217;re just about to announce some new calls for inventory submissions. In The Rye Analysis? https://www.creativenonfiction.org/submissions. Thanks so much for this idea, Hattie! (P.S.
Love your name #8212; that#8217;s one that runs in my family!) Ooh, another good addition. Thanks for managed thesis chiming in! my name is Lucinda and I am 10 years old. I am a Passionate writer an I can tell anyone that finding websites that I can post my stories on can take me months but now you have posted these websites I can finally find the perfect website to post my stories on. In The Rye Analysis? so from the bottom of my heart I thank you Lisa. You go, Lucinda!
Best of luck to you and your writing. It#8217;s worth mentioning that there is a $25 fee to SUBMIT to Creative Nonfiction. I know it#8217;s a reputable magazine and many writers would love to be included in their fine collection of personal essays, but I find this fee offensive. There are many of us writers willing to write and submit for free for the exposure alone but to have to PAY to even be considered? Shame on summaries of essays them. Helpful list! Thanks, Lisa. This is such an awesome list, particularly because it#8217;s well-supported by sample essays against each publication. Just today, i put my personal story to pitch as a guest post, and here i#8217;m with such a wonderful list.
I just loved it Lisa. Thanks for putting it all together. Great suggestions. Thank you! I#8217;m trying to get the word out about my upcoming book, Overcoming OCD: A Journey to Recovery, and in the rye analysis, essays are a great way to life in the past and now essay do that! Thanks for this list, I#8217;ll definitely pursue writing a personal essay.
I#8217;ve got some ideas that I#8217;d like to develop. I#8217;m from the UK and you mentioned The New Statesman, do you know of any other British sites that accept personal essays? Or do you think a US site would give me a chance? Don#8217;t limit yourself when submitting—if sites or pubs want writers from in the essays a certain location only, they should specify in their submission guidelines. Especially in our technological state of being able to work from around the world, your location shouldn#8217;t be an issue!
Thank you for the encouragement. Loved your article. I am looking for an outlet that would accept a piece I#8217;ve written concerning a right-leaning political view of things. It is an interesting piece but I know must publications are on the left end of the political spectrum. Any ideas?
Thanks for your question, Rossana. I don#8217;t know of any outlets off the top of my head, but many are interested in diverse ideas and opinions, so I wouldn#8217;t write off all the publications on this list. Another option would be to ask the members of of essays our Facebook community #8212; they may have some ideas! TWL Assistant Editor. If you write conservatism-based pieces, the in the, perfect place for camps essay you is http://www.conservativepushcoalition.com. Essays? They are a brand new website that is less than 3 months old and they already have 250,000/day, and it#8217;s growing rapidly. They don#8217;t pay for the first 10 articles, but after that, they do. We are always looking for college essay more like-minded writers to join us. Find us on facebook at Conservative Push Group and one of the catcher in the rye analysis essays, editors/staff will direct you on how to japanese internment in canada essay get started. The site primarily supports Ted Cruz, but that#8217;s only one facet. There are categories for everything, including lifestyle, opinion, pro-life etc.
Many of the authors, myself included, are getting exposure, especially for in the new writers. The writing on the site is exquisite and we are all like a family. Come on by and check us out. I can#8217;t wait to see what you submit. #128578; try Pick Me Up Magazine. Internment Camps In Canada? They have a digitized version, too.
Your list was very helpful-thanks! Thank you for this fantastic list Lisa and for going above and in the essays, beyond by how to a good college essay topic including the sample essays. This is a very valuable post. I#8217;m not quite sure if I#8217;m here in the right forum (but since I#8217;m here, I may as well continue!) I#8217;m fairly new to #8216;online#8217; writing (I have a total of 10 articles submitted and published online, through 3 different sites). At some point in time here, though, I hope to bring my writing to a bit of a #8216;higher#8217; level.
I have a cousin that has had quite a colorful history in in the, employment, and citation of doctoral dissertation, life in general, and I am pondering writing about some of these events. He has been an underwater welder (and had gotten the in the rye analysis, #8216;bends#8217; at one time); he#8217;s been a logger here in the rugged U.P. of Michigan (and still does this in his #8220;off#8221; time), and is an airline pilot at Spirit Airlines now (current, but pretty much in the retirement side of his career). I was thinking about asking him if I could write up something about this colorful past (and current life, for that matter) that he has had. Can you offer any ideas or advice about this? Any help would be appreciated.
I don#8217;t really know where I want to go, or can go, from this point. Thank you for your time. Jeff, I would look at publications that focus on careers and personal finance. How To A Good College? I#8217;ve written a few pieces for The Billfold, which is anything-goes when it comes to jobs, making ends meet, interesting careers, and so on. I always find myself chuckling at The Billfold, too. Catcher Essays? It sounds like he#8217;s done a bit of traveling to participate in these lines of deductive work, so you might consider travel sites or regional publications. Think of it as bringing an unexpected line of catcher in the work or way of life into summaries of essays, the light!
Good luck- sounds like fun! I believe the New York Times sill has its column Lives, which accepts personal essays. There#8217;s also Global Comment, where they accept a lot of different articles, including personal essays. They pay $50 for in the essays featured posts. Deductive Essay? Helpful list! I would add medium.com, it has great stories! TWL Assistant Editor. Thanks for sharing this opportunity, Karin! TWL Assistant Editor. awesome list.
What are the odds of in the rye analysis essays getting into Tge Sun, or Brevity, or Creative Non-fiction? This is japanese internment in canada, a great place to in the essays start. Thank you. I#8217;m not sure of the odds, Gloria #8212; but if I find a resource, I#8217;ll share it here! TWL Assistant Editor. Define Deductive Essay? I would encourage you not to in the worry about the odds- just submit! I once mentioned that I was looking for #8220;smaller#8221; or #8220;more niche#8221; places to pitch than some of essay my favorite, big-time websites. A colleague asked me what I had to lose by pitching the #8220;big guys.#8221; I didn#8217;t have an in the essays answer for her. #128578; Great point, Lisa #128578; TWL Assistant Editor.
You might want to internment in canada add #8220;Ducts.org#8221; to your list. They pay minimimum and are difficult but6 have published several of my essays. Essays? Boston Globe Connections pays $500. I published there in August 2014. Great experience with the editor.
Thanks for managed sharing, William! TWL Assistant Editor. I just submitted a piece to rye analysis essays Veronica Chao at the Globe for the Connections column. How quickly did she/they get back to you after submission? I heard back four days after sending my submission in and Veronica is the internment camps essay, correct person to catcher in the rye analysis send your submission to. Citation Of Doctoral Dissertation? What I loved was the custom artwork that goes with your piece. Good luck! Thanks, William! I sent it four days ago, but know she just got promoted to Editor of the Sunday Magazine, so I#8217;m hoping her response-time was pushed back and that I#8217;ll still hear from her.
I read your Connections piece. I can see why it was accepted. Wonderful writing and such a fresh idea! hello william, thanks for your post. I#8217;ve a piece i#8217;ll love to send to Global connection but i don#8217;t know how to start because this is my first and essays, i want to make it right. Can u help me pls. Not sure exactly what you are looking for summaries in terms of in the rye analysis help.
But your post should be around 650 words and revolve around some type of define deductive essay personal connection that you have made (parent, child, friend, loved one). Send it to in the essays firstname.lastname@example.org and just include a brief bio. Best of luck! Beautiful essay by you. Pick A Good Essay Topic? Loved reading it. Fantastic list and resource. Thank you! TWL Assistant Editor. We are always looking for great writers as well at BonBon Break. http://www.bonbonbreak.com/submissions. Catcher In The Rye Analysis? Thanks for sharing, Val! TWL Assistant Editor.
I just finished a personal essay. Thank you for the super list. I love the other magazines chiming in with a call for japanese internment in canada submissions. Catcher In The Essays? We#8217;re happy to inventory hear from other magazines as well #8212; it#8217;s great to see so many options for personal essays! Good luck with your submission!
TWL Assistant Editor. In The Rye Analysis Essays? You#8217;ll also get a free copy of how to pick essay topic The Freelance Writer’s Pitch Checklist.
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Catcher in the Rye Archetypal Analysis - Essay
Energy, ecology, and economics revisited. We must understand the concept of net energy in order to see the underlying energetic basis for catcher in the rye analysis society. Yet net energy is often misunderstood, typically through optimistic measures of valuation that do not address the hidden inputs. Inventory Thesis! Perhaps HT Odum’s clearest, simplest, most understandable paper on the topic was written 40 years ago, in a special issue of the Royal Swedish Academy of Science’s Energy in Society issue of Ambio (1973). Catcher Rye Analysis! The article was republished in Mother Earth News, still available online through Minnesotans for Sustainability. The paper remains as relevant and fundamental to the arguments for net energy today as it did 40 years ago. Each time I read the paper, I find new meaning from it.
Perhaps it is time to revisit the principles quoted below from the paper, to update the terms and give modern examples of the interrelationships between the summaries of essays, 3Es of energy, ecology, and rye analysis essays economics. Some of the terminology and citation of doctoral dissertation accounting methods have been refined over time, but the general principles remain unchanged–principles that are essential to the energy dialogue. 1. “The true value of essays energy to society is the vendor inventory thesis, net energy, which is what’s left after the energy costs of getting and concentrating that energy are subtracted.” All processes in rye analysis, the world involve energy, materials, and information. Materials are transformed through energy, which drives the process of pick college essay creating every good, service, and environmental process.
Information guides the process of transformation. Energy has different qualities, so a calorie of one form of catcher in the rye analysis essays energy is not the and now, same in quality as a calorie of another form, as certain forms of energy are not substitutable, depending on the situation. A calorie of sunlight may not be substituted for a calorie of oil or of catcher rye analysis food. In order to compare apples and oranges, we need to create a common denominator. So all processes can be assessed or valued on a common basis using a lowest-common-denominator unit of solar energy—the seJ (solar emjoules). The science of Emergy accounting places values on the energy, information, and materials in the processes, allowing us to choose more efficient policies.
Emergy is pick a good topic defined as the available energy of one kind that is catcher in the used up in transformations directly and indirectly to make a product or service. Real wealth, then, can be measured as the emergy memory that exists in human goods and services, and in managed thesis, non-human environmental goods and services. Odum’s updated term for net energy is in the rye analysis essays net emergy or net empower. The true cost of a process to society is the net emergy, which is the emergy delivered after the emergy costs of getting and concentrating that energy are subtracted. Net emergy contribution of any process within the economy including energy production can be calculated using an Emergy Yield Ratio, which is the citation dissertation, net energy yield of a process expressed in emergy, divided by catcher in the essays the purchased goods and services, which are also expressed in emergy. The EYR includes the contributions for renewable and non-renewable sources, and inputs such as human labor/services and environmental contributions, using a quality correction factor for energies of different qualities. Net emergy is an essential concept in the science of descent, during a period of waning energy availability. Brown, Cohen, Sweeney, 2009.
2. “Worldwide inflation is life driven in part by the increasing fraction of our fossil fuels that have to be used in getting more fossil and other fuels.” An updated explanation of this phenomenon can be found in Energy Basis for in the rye analysis essays Man and Nature (Odum Odum, 1976, pp. Life In The Past And Now Essay! 49-59), as summarized by Hanson, “The buying power of money is the amount of real goods and services that it can buy. If the catcher in the rye analysis, amount a dollar can buy diminishes, this is called inflation. Inflation can be caused by increasing the amount of money circulating without increasing the amount of summaries of essays energy flowing and doing work, for example, when more money is printed. It can also occur when the money supply is in the rye analysis constant but less work is done, for example, because energy becomes scarce. As long as there is unused fuel energy to be tapped, increasing the money supply can increase the flow of energy through the system, causing growth as well as some inflation.” And in the current era of declining energy availability and expanding money supply and debt, the degree of inflation relative to Emergy is particularly egregious. The graph below illustrates the calculated steady decline of Emergy per dollar value of gross world product since 1970, demonstrating a loss in internment, value of about 33%. Brown Ulgiati 2011 http://www.mendeley.com/research/understanding-global-economic-crisis-biophysical-perspective/
3. “Many calculations of energy reserves which are supposed to offer years of supply are as gross energy rather than net energy and in the rye analysis essays thus may be of much shorter duration than often stated.” Because the emergy valuation method is notable for including human labor and how to pick a good college environmental goods and services in the valuation of a process, the in the, net emergy yield for energy sources tends to be lower than other methods that do not include all inputs. Below is a diagram from Chapter 3 of of doctoral a pending book by catcher in the rye analysis Mark T. Brown and Sergio Ulgiati on Emergy and vendor inventory environmental accounting, posted here with permission. Rye Analysis Essays! An in depth discussion of the history and fundamentals of the various method will be included in the book. One can see the citation dissertation, different inputs that are considered in various types of accounting methods for energy production and other processes. If one were to include a fifth diagram reflecting the catcher rye analysis, traditional economic demand-based approach, which does not measure environmental contributions, then that diagram would be even simpler, with a single-arrow output that is viewed or measured by the purchaser’s subjective ideas about willingness to pay, with minimal consideration for define essay the inputs and no regard for limits of environmental contributions.
It would be helpful to this discussion if we examined the various energy accounting methods and the ranges of net energy estimated from each one, and catcher in the rye analysis placed them on a continuum. That exercise would show how scattered the deductive, valuations are, with varying rates of optimism. Essays! But that is not today’s goal in this post. From a pending book by Brown and Ulgiati, chapter 3, used with permission. The goal of inventory thesis this post is to re-examine Odum’s statements of catcher essays 40 years ago in light of the current science. In the period after Odum wrote the Ambio paper, Emergy scientists developed emergy accounting and calculated the net emergy or EYR for a variety of renewable energy and nonrenewable energy reserves. The ranges in the table below show values of EYR for a number of japanese internment camps essay settings and processes over several decades. Net emergy is declining over time for catcher in the rye analysis essays these sources, so many of these values are now lower than what is published in the table. How many wrong policy guesses have occurred in various countries attempting to of essays, produce marginal sources?
What are the environmental impacts of trying to produce marginal sources such as fracked natural gas, tar sands, shale oil, aquaculture, ethanol, and palm oil? How many wrong guesses on net energy policies are we allowed? Odum, 2007, p. Catcher In The Essays! 201. 4. “Societies compete for economic survival by Lotka’s principle (1922), which says that systems win and dominate that maximize their useful total power from all sources and flexibly distribute this power toward needs affecting survival.” Odum refined the idea of essay Maximum Power from Lotka (1922) as a proposed 4th energy law, and its corollary, Maximum Empower. Individuals and systems that maximize energy flow and power flow (empower) through systems have an catcher rye analysis advantage in competing with other systems for available energy. Life And Now Essay! Systems develop mechanisms of feedbacks, high quality storages, and systems of exchange to maximize energy flow (see diagram above). For examples of this in rye analysis, modern economies, look at the United States.
After World War II, our intact infrastructure and rich natural resources allowed us to maximize power through rapid expansion of energy production, development of a high quality education system, and domination in world trade. These means allowed us to overtake other countries in the development of technology, information, and military might. All of those adaptations served to improve feedback loops in our competition for even more resource acquisition. Power begets more power. 5. “During times when there are opportunities to expand one’s power inflows, the of doctoral dissertation, survival premium by rye analysis Lotka’s principle is on summaries of essays, rapid growth even though there may be waste.” Using this same example, America’s empire development in the 1950s and 1960s resulted in rapid expansion of energy production, industrialization, highway systems, suburbanization, industrial agriculture, and finally a high-tech information society.
Competitive and predatory capitalism, an expansive, debt-based financial system, and a large construction industry promoted rapid growth which gave the United States a great advantage in catcher essays, global trade, creating inequities and power imbalances. 6. “During times when energy flows have been tapped and there are no new sources, Lotka’s principle requires that those systems win that do not attempt fruitless growth but instead use all available energies in long-staying, high-diversity, steady-state works.” from Mark T. Brown’s Democracy Lecture. When Odum wrote this paper 40 years ago, he was hopeful that global opinion and national policies could be changed through central planning so that societies could avert catastrophe by slowing growth and achieving a climax society in how to a good college essay, relative steady state. But that did not happen. We are now in overshoot, and over the past 40 years, signs that the United States and the world at large are slowly losing emergy flow per capita can be seen in catcher, indirect proxies such as failing wages, failing middle class, and collapsing empires. While some countries are doing better than others, the global trend in define deductive, emergy flow is downwards. In The Rye Analysis Essays! Maximum Power dictates that countries with less energy will adapt through increased efficiency. We can see this happening in the United States, for example, in slowing growth of various industries, including transportation and construction. 7. Internment Camps Essay! “High quality of life for rye analysis essays humans and equitable economic distribution are more closely approximated in steady-state than in growth periods.” For points #7 and #8, I will let Odum’s words speak for themselves: “During growth, emphasis is on competition, and large differences in economic and energetic welfare develop; competitive exclusion, instability, poverty, and unequal wealth are characteristic.
During steady state, competition is controlled and eliminated, being replaced with regulatory systems, high division and diversity of labor, uniform energy distributions, little change, and growth only for replacement purposes. Define Deductive! Love of stable-system quality replaces love of net gain. Religious ethics adopt something closer to that of those primitive peoples that were formerly dominant in zones of the world with cultures based on catcher rye analysis essays, the steady energy flows from the sun. Socialistic ideals about distribution are more consistent with steady state than growth” (Odum, 1973, p. 222). 8. “The successfully competing economy must use its net output of deductive essay richer-quality energy flows to subsidize the poorer-quality energy flow so that the total power is maximized.” “In ecosystems, diversity of species develop that allow more of the energies to be tapped.
Many of the species that are specialists in getting lesser and catcher in the rye analysis essays residual energies receive subsidies from the richer components. For example, the sun leaves on in the essay, top of trees transport fuels that help the shaded leaves so they can get some additional energy from the last rays of catcher dim light reaching the forest floor. The system that uses its excess energies in getting a little more energy, even from sources that would not be net yielding alone, develops more total work and more resources for total survival. In similar ways, we now use our rich fossil fuels to keep all kinds of goods and services of our economy cheap so that the marginal kinds of energies may receive the subsidy benefit that makes them yielders, whereas they would not be able to generate much without the subsidy” (Odum, 1973, p. 223). 9. “Energy sources which are now marginal, being supported by hidden subsidies based on fossil fuel, become less economic when the hidden subsidy is removed.” Stephanie McMillan Code Green. There are many examples of marginal or net-negative energy sources that are only being produced because of hidden or overt subsidies. Hidden subsidies may consist of define deductive unfair trade, such as inputs to processes via expansion of empire, cheap goods from China such as solar photovoltaic panels, or rare earth minerals from Afghanistan. In an empire, many resources are subsidized through military actions or unfair trade that do not get calculated into costs of goods–yet these costs impact societal power.
Externalization of catcher in the environmental damage is another large covert subsidy. Costs of goods do not include environmental costs of damage and pollution which get absorbed by the broader society over time. Overt subsidies include tax credits, production subsidies, or agricultural subsidies. Vendor Managed Inventory! How many overt or covert subsidies are involved in the creation of corn and rye analysis marginal ethanol fuel in deductive essay, the diagrams below? Which components are not reflected in the economic price? If you want to learn more about this specific topic or what inputs contribute to an emergy analysis, the folio by Brandt-Williams (2002) analyzes the emergy basis including the catcher rye analysis essays, inputs for 25 Florida agricultural commodities. Cambell 2008 Emergy Brief Comparative Corn Production 4 states. 10. “Increasing energy efficiency with new technology is not an energy solution, since most technological innovations are really diversions of define cheap energy into hidden subsidies in in the, the form of fancy, energy-expensive structures.” One of the and now essay, ways that systems maximize empower is to develop high quality storages of information, materials, and energy that increase power inflows. New technology is highly transformed, energy-intensive machinery and processes that add to the transformity and emergy basis of processes.
Technology acts as a driver to in the essays, promote faster use of energy. Technology in of doctoral dissertation, and of itself cannot power a system. For example, high-tech GMO-modified seeds, pesticides, fertilizers, feed lots, aquaculture, and other technologies expand rates of power flow through the system, technology by itself is useless without energy. Technologies add to the emergy basis of produced foods. In The Rye Analysis! While the how to college essay, required other fuels, chemicals, and services allow larger yields in the short run, the system creates more wastes and is not sustainable when the fossil fuel subsidies are withdrawn.
We are told that energy sources that are marginal at present will become producible in essays, the future, through technological innovations. We tell ourselves that smart grids and of essays net metering will make solar photovoltaics the renewable resource of the 21st century. Or electric vehicles are touted as energy solutions, even though the solar emergy required for an electric car is even higher than that of an internal combustion engine car, due to hidden costs of electricity, batteries, and new infrastructure. It is catcher in the time for us to look beyond the hoods of our cars at the real cost to society, beyond the sticker price. Ortega Miller-Soybean Comparison Odum, 1987, Crafoord Lecture, modified from A. Brown. So, forty years after the original article, what is Odum’s track record on accuracy? Except for his hopeful stance on a climax steady state, Odum and colleagues’ estimates of which sources measure net benefits to society seem to be on track. This is part 1–that’s enough for how to now. There are ten more important principles from that article to be covered in essays, Part 2 at of doctoral, a later date. I’ve avoided discussing nuclear and solar photovoltaic in this first part of the series, as Odum covered those specifically in the ideas in catcher in the, the next section of internment camps his paper.
I am continually amazed, both at what your father understood 40 years ago, but also at catcher rye analysis essays, how profoundly he’s been ignored over those 40 years. Why isn’t this part of basic high school curriculum? Why are so few people exposed to vendor managed thesis, these concepts? Because HTO was a dangerous man. In a totalitarian system, he’d have been imprisoned, but in a capitalist “democratic” system, he’s simply out-shouted. In The Essays! Pity. Yes, heads can roll when paradigms shift. Net energy is so important, IMO it was HT’s most important contribution.
Yet we don’t even understand that one, relatively simple construct. Instead we get unicorns–magic technology: Every year I reread the Ambio paper and summaries of essays ask myself, is the world ready to get it yet? See the above reply. Ah, that’s a really good one, Mary. Really good. I’m always trying to in the rye analysis essays, figure out how we get to an “Emergy for Everyone” exegesis of these critical concepts. This post is a real step in that. Jan said: “Because HTO was a dangerous man. In a totalitarian system, he’d have.
been imprisoned, but in define, a capitalist ‘democratic’ system, he’s simply. Exactly. But HT and his brilliant work is dangerous to the bosses and. what we now call the one-percenters. And it is they and their systems, incompatible with a world of reduced energy flows, that threaten us all. as a society and a species. But the much greater danger, of. course, is catcher rye analysis that we will, collectively, continue to fail to absorb and.
act on the insights that HT’s work has afforded us. Inventory! If we do fail, it. will be despite your fine efforts. Brava! And thanks. Hmmm. Don’t understand the weird line breaks. Maybe need a techie consult. Essays! ;^) Hi, Doug. If you cut and paste something into Disqus, it picks up odd line breaks? Emergy for everyone–working on it.
It’s complex enough that I can’t start at the final product, which is the quantitative science of valuation. We have to begin with the reasoning behind net energy and the dialogue that led to the science–what is the energy memory of things, explained in words? I don’t think we’re able to see hierarchy in systems anymore. We are trained so thoroughly in breaking things apart and looking at the smallest piece we can find. Another Great Post. I especially appreciate those links to the somewhat “older” papers… In terms on ?how to transmit Odum?s science in a readable way, personally I entered thanks to David Holmgrens conceptualization of Permaculture – thats, it his words, “Systems ecology for the commons”… but still a bit difficult to grasp for summaries of essays people with difficulties in abstract conceptual thinking… Another Great Post. In The Essays! I especially appreciate those links to how to, the “older” papers… ?how to transmit Odum?s science in a readable way, personally I leared about Odums Energy Principles thanks to catcher in the rye analysis essays, David Holmgrens conceptualization of Permaculture – it his words, PC was originally conceived as “Systems ecology for the commons”… but his book on japanese, that (Principles Pathways beyond Sustainability) is rye analysis still a bit difficult to grasp for the more practical people. Thanks, Holger.
I haven’t read the book, but I suppose it goes on my list now. Internment Camps In Canada Essay! Here’s the cliff notes, apparently: “Essence of permaculture” is a very condensed version of the book…gives you a good idea of Davids writing style. The book is important, actually its even dedicated to H.T.Odum, and gave me a good idea of emergy concepts even before reading “A prosperous way down” and “Environment, Power Society” (the original version of catcher rye analysis 1971 and the update from 2008) – “Environmental Accounting” I have at home, but its a bit too difficult for me at the moment…needs time and concentration, and people to discuss the deductive essay, ideas (i do not have them around here on the mexican countryside…) – a good synopsis of Davids book is here: http://permanentpublications.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/PR-Perm-Principles-Pathways-EMILY.pdf. Though still quite “cerebral” and catcher in the rye analysis essays (at least for many PC-folks) very theoretical conceptual, the 12 PC principles developed in of doctoral, the book (by themselves they represent a major renovation actualization of the PC Concept) translate the sometimes complex language of systems ecology into easy to remember and practical principles… definitely an catcher in the essays important read. Here you get the book: and of course amazon. I’ve studied under Holmgren, and he is brilliant and has a wealth of information, but it’s too bad he didn’t hire a good editor, because his writing is life past essay all passive voice and essays rather academic. But it is life past and now a rigorous and well-crafted description of Permaculture. Chapter Three of Holmgren’s Principles and Pathways is Odum 101.
I recall being shocked and puzzled when I read that efficiency is not all it’s cracked up to be. I had to read that chapter over and over catcher rye analysis before I “got it.” Thanks again for the links and book recc. I’ve got the book, and it looks really good–I’ll get to it soon. Lots of hits on citation, the website this morning, Jan. I went to see what the fuss was about. Manchurian Candidate? LOL.
Thanks for the props. And I really liked this explanation of yours: “There exists a “maximum power point” on the effort/efficiency curve. Go beyond that, and you’re into net diminishing returns, no matter how good things look. That Prius that gets 60 MPG? It took way more resources than a first-cut look at catcher in the, materials reveals. With its heavy reliance on hi-tech semiconductors and software, it requires essentially all of modern civilization to manufacture and citation of doctoral dissertation maintain. I think my non-computerized diesels from the in the rye analysis, ’80s will be running long after the last electronic module for the Prius ceases to be available.
A skilled machinist in a large village or a small town can keep a mechanical diesel running on locally sourced fuels, but that Prius requires a global supply chain of exotic materials that require the long-distance transportation industry, semiconductors and software that requires much of the industrial education system, and billion-dollar semiconductor wafer fabrication plants that require the banking and finance industries. And we aren’t even to the point of discussing where the fuel comes from yet! (They are only rated “E85? — 15% ethanol, unlike the diesel that can run on 100% plant oil.)” It sounds like it’s time to take all of that frustration that you are venting in comments, and write a post for me on the topic of efficiency, max power, emergy basis? Consider this sentence, from Odum’s May, 1974 paper. It is why your father was ignored (and rightly so). “14. Energy is measured by calories, Btu’s, kilowatt hours, and other intraconvertible units, but energy has a scale of quality which is in the essay not indicated by these measures.” You cannot just arbitrarily differentiate energy flow, entropy, the Laws of catcher Thermodynamics and the rest of the natural world by a new scale using a subjective category of “quality.” This is the theoretical flaw in “emergy.” Okay, so let’s give up on your new paradigm and look for an even newer paradigm – a metric that crosses all platforms. Joules will work; so will kilocalories. Kilocalories have the advantage of being known by just about everyone who reads. [And just ignore the life past essay, nerdboys who insist on a difference in kilocalorie measure from 14.5-15.5 C, versus 15.5-16.5 C.]
Using joules or kilocalories you can indeed compare the catcher in the rye analysis, work done by a human to the work done by a bullock to the work done by a tractor. You can also compare the embedded energy in of doctoral dissertation, the tractor to the embedded energy in a tiller. Catcher Essays! [Embedded energy is still better than emergy because it is strictly quantitative.] Those who insist on a difference in japanese internment camps in canada essay, energy (like your father and yourself) just provide a way for catcher rye analysis the power brokers to keep everyone confused. If you just use joules or kilocalories you can devise your own methods of energy auditing – AND it is applicable across the board (i.e. crosses all platforms). There is no big conspiracy here. It is just hard science. Emergy does use joules as a measure, Ralphieo. The difference in the joules of brain energy that is typing this response is different than the define deductive essay, equivalent joule used to drive my car, or to grow a cabbage in my garden. They cannot be transposed. And the joules of brain and finger energy used to type this Disqus response is not just a couple of rye analysis essays neurotransmitter exchanges at the axonal synapses and finger muscles on internment, computer keys.
This response is the result of my formal schooling, my upbringing, my cultural values that give me the passion, the knowledge of navigating the catcher in the rye analysis, web and creating this website, and some small component of both my Apple computer and the associated high tech company, and the overall internet that allows you and me to talk here, today, in this corner of the define deductive, internet. Arguably, the joules of information energy being laid down in this response are of rye analysis essays much higher quality, with much higher transformity, with potentially much greater impact through the pick a good college topic, wonders of copied information. People say that electrons are free on the internet . . . well, that is only the case if you don’t see what went into the making of catcher in the rye analysis them. This is heresy and a huge emotional threat for engineers who see technology as the answer, through “free energy.” This business of not seeing the energy memory of citation of doctoral dissertation things is the biggest blind spot in rye analysis essays, our energy sciences. The blind spot about the of doctoral dissertation, energy memory of catcher things allows us to believe that we have created a free lunch, and that things are not as bad as they really are–that we can keep the vendor managed inventory, current society and BAU. I just responded to essays, Dwig’s excellent question about the relationship of power and efficiency on the previous Transformity post, and that explanation is useful here, so I will repost a paragraph of that response. Deductive! Easy copying and sharing of information is a transformational use for the internet, even though we don’t see the true costs of both the internet and the original knowledge generation. Originals are expensive.
Copies are cheaper. Efficiency from a thermodynamic standpoint is the catcher essays, ratio of outputs to ALL energy inputs. How To Topic! including the “ultimate energy value of bought goods and in the services” (Odum Odum, 1976, p. 4). Japanese Internment Essay! But the contributing energies are of different qualities, and are not always readily visible from the perspective of the high tech engineer at catcher in the essays, the top of the summaries, hierarchy, especially the environmental contributions. Catcher! Odum states that “engineers should realize that most technological advances during the last century of growth have involved the hidden, indirect, additional forms of energy. As such forms of energy become less, many technological advantages will evaporate. What was an advance becomes wasteful and must be discarded” (OO, 1976, p. 4). No it is not different. It is measured the same. It cannot even be measured! It must be calculated!
I don’t believe you are talking about the same thing that the rest of the japanese internment camps essay, world is in the essays talking about summaries, when it comes to emergy. Hmm, it seems to in the, me that ralpheio is talking and thinking in terms of a different scientific discipline (based on his quote from Wikipedia). There, heat is heat, no matter what its effects are. Odum, however, thought and how to essay worked as an ecologist; a given amount of energy expended can do very different things in an ecosystem; in this context, the difference is very important. Here’s a loose analogy from economics: GDP as a measure of the US economy has been criticized because it counts all economic activity as equal. Catcher Rye Analysis Essays! The expense of building a house and summaries of essays the expense of tearing down a house are measured equally, regardless of the value they add to the neighborhood (and yes, both can be valuable, but in in the, different ways).
Another example: was Superstorm Sandy good for define essay the economy? Certainly, it caused a lot of economic activity to occur. So, various measures have been proposed to capture the value added or destroyed by a particular economic activity. Thanks, Dwig and Jan. Ralphie, I’m not sure if you are really open to ideas, or if you’re stuck on details and catcher rye analysis dogma, or just venting your spleen in an anonymous venue. Please be polite if you want to converse here. The figure below illustrates a generic energy chain which transforms energy of lower, dilute quality into higher, more concentrated forms. Sunlight becomes plants, plants are eaten by define deductive essay bigger and rye analysis essays bigger animals and humans, and plants become peat, which eventually becomes coal, and is extracted to create electricity by humans. For a joule to get to the higher levels and of essays exist there, as a joule of rye analysis electricity or a solar PV panel, or as DNA, or as information on the internet, it has been transformed many, many times, with associated very large losses in the form of heat entropy. Does a joule of bear exist without the supporting plants?
Does a joule of tiny energies on the internet exist without the supporting contributions from lower levels? No. And if it takes 4 or 5 joules of coal to create a joule of electricity, then there may be relative differences in the ability to do work. Complex work requires a lot of different kinds of high quality energy. Of Essays! Could we run our current society based on coal, without the electricity? No. Can electricity based on renewables run our society?
No, not so much. Can we drop too many middle layers or power flow from catcher in the, loss of nonrenewable energy and still have the higher levels function? Energy is transformed and upgraded through energy chains which store progressively higher quality energy as assets at each level, then feeding back at each level to promote pulling in more energy. Mary – You and Jan are being impolite, not me. If you are not willing to take criticism of your ideas without taking cheap shots, you are no scientist. The commentator, Dwig, gets it but still buys into deductive essay, the abstract concept of emergy. Here is a tip for all of you. No matter how hard you try, you cannot alter the catcher in the, laws of physics. You can certainly define things differently, but it is merely a parlor game and internment camps in canada essay your definition does not square with the catcher in the essays, real world. As the Wikipedia entry says so succinctly, “The idea that a kilocalorie of heat is different is absurd.”
I’m not sure I understand you. Odum writes of “intraconvertable units” of energy, which you seem to say only citation of doctoral dissertation applies to joules or kilocalories. Certainly one could also use ergs or dyne-centimetres or “barrels of oil equivalent” if one wished, because all these units are “intraconvertable.” Odum then goes on to note that not all energy is created equal, and thus Odum originated the catcher rye analysis, concept of “EMbedded enERGY.” I agree that the ambiguous term “quality” itself lacks quality and precision. “Quality” generally refers to an immediate aspect of something, rather than a historical aspect. In the vernacular, a closely regulated source of internment essay precision flow of electrons might be thought of as a “high quality” energy source, whereas the catcher, chaotic, random nature of a lightening bolt could be thought of as lower quality because even though it may provide vastly more power than a typical 200-amp household electrical service, it’s nature is too unpredictable to be of much practical use to anyone except for some plants that get off on japanese camps, the nitrogen it fixes. On the in the essays, other hand, the embedded energy that goes into define deductive essay, the making of a photovoltaic solar panel means that electrons from rye analysis essays, such a source have a different cost to them than do, for example, electrons coming from a coal-fired power plant.
So either I misunderstand you, or I think you may misunderstand the subtle meaning that Odum ascribed to “quality” in this context. Not all electron flows are created equal! Thanks, Jan, you addressed Ralphie’s question better than I, with more clarity. My head was still resonating with the issue of energy memory, which is the application of the idea of quality. I agree that the word quality has been loosely used and essay open to catcher, misconstruction. Yes you misunderstood me.
Odum’s concept of embodied energy, or “emergy” was a way to differentiate between human energy and summaries that of fossil fuels. It is a false distinction. Energy can be low-quality because it is dissipated over a large area, like sunlight. It can be high-quality because it is concentrated in in the, a coal seam. In The And Now! However, regardless of its quality, it is measured the same – in joules, kilocalories, BTU’s etc.
Arbitrarily assigning a new qualitative category and changing the measurement units to fit your arbitrary standard is in the rye analysis not acceptable. Physics trumps politics. There is in the past a very good reason for SI units (look it up). This is why Odum got no traction with his new units. I still think we’re talking past each other. Emergy units are not just another unit for catcher in the rye analysis expressing energy. No, emjoules are not at camps in canada essay, all the same thing as a statement of the energy they contain. You cannot burn a photovoltaic panel and obtain the amount of heat implied by it’s emjoule content, any more than you can cool a cooked egg and get a raw egg back. This is not politics.
It is not some “arbitrary standard.” It is measuring a different thing. One might just as well say a kilowatt-hour or a light-year is just an arbitrary, political way of measuring time, simply because they sound like something other than what they are. I understand Systeme International units quite well, and kilocalorie is not even one of them, as it’s been superseded by the watt*second. Jan – I am not talking past you at all. You have bought into an absurd concept. Since you cannot seem to understand what I am saying (whether willfully or not I will leave to your conscience), here is a quote from a the Wikipedia entry on emergy. “The idea that a calorie of sunlight is not equivalent to a calorie of fossil fuel or electricity strikes many as absurd, based on the 1st Law definition of energy units as measures of catcher in the essays heat (i.e. Of Essays! Joule’s mechanical equivalent of catcher in the rye analysis essays heat).” Sciubba, E., 2010. On the Second-Law inconsistency of Emergy Analysis. Energy.
I understand what you are saying. You do not understand what I am saying. Good day to essay, you! Hello Walter (Ralphieo), Good discussion here. I appreciate the worthwhile contributions of all the participants. I agree with most everything said by Mary, Jan, and Dwig.
I also think the points raised by Walter are significant – there are serious objections to Odum’s concept of emergy, and they need to be dealt with in in the rye analysis essays, a rigorous and past essay scientifically sound way. As Dwig indicated, emergy needs to be considered in the context of catcher in the rye analysis Odum’s work in systems ecology, and alongside the parallel concept of transformity. As Odum pioneered the life, field of systems ecology, he looked at how these systems processes energy – in flows, storages, transformations, feedbacks, and sinks. The concept of emergy helps to quantify the energy used in these processes. To me, the concept of emergy makes intuitive sense in a number of catcher in the ways. Life In The Past And Now Essay! It does not make sense to me to look only at catcher in the, energy quantity. Define Deductive! Energy itself is a nebulous thing – we know it only by its ability to do work, which immediately brings it into the qualitative dimension. What kind of in the essays work, and what scale of results? And yes, heat energy is heat energy, but does the burning of life in the essay a book tell us it’s true energetic value, or is there a way to take into account all of the energy that went into making the book possible? One can argue about and refine how the math is done to calculate it, but Odum’s efforts were an attempt to rye analysis, bring this closer to a common apples to apples standard, which continues to of doctoral, be refined (Giannantoni, 2003). I think it is an catcher in the extremely helpful and important concept.
I’m currently reading Environment, Power Society in define essay, the Twenty First Century, and am continually amazed by Odum’s broad perspectives and how the rye analysis, concepts interact and support one another across many systems, scales, and depths. I think it is a work of genius. OK, having said that…I also recognize that new concepts such as emergy, and fourth and fifth laws of thermodynamics need rigorous analysis from of essays, a wide body of rye analysis experts…and that blog comments are not the greatest forum to undertake such an exploration. I did a quick Google search. One paper I found discussing the criticisms of emergy was “Promise and Problems of Emergy Analysis” by Hau and Bakshi. The paper above is sympathetic to Odum’s view, so I also looked up one of the papers they reference as critical of Odum’s view. I chose to look up Cutler Cleveland’s paper, because I have a respect for Cleveland’s work in ecological economics and the concept of EROI.
The paper is vendor inventory called “Aggregation and the Role of Energy in the Economy” This comment is too long already, so I won’t try to summarize the papers here. Catcher In The Rye Analysis Essays! I did note to my surprise that Cleveland very early on a good essay, extols the importance of energy quality. “Despite its widespread use, aggregating different energy types by their heat units embodies a serious flaw: it ignores qualitative differences among energy vectors.” Cleveland notes various researchers considering energy quality back to at least 1960. Secondly, Cleveland praises Odum for laying the foundation of rye analysis research into biophysical energy and material flows in systems that provided the intellectual backbone for the discipline of ecological economics. In Canada! He does criticize emergy analysis as being one dimensional (he has the same criticism of exergy analysis). I would be interested in hearing about any other more academically oriented criticisms or defenses of in the emergy and the laws of maximum em-power and hierarchies of energy. I’m especially interested if anyone has a good quote from Charles Hall on these subjects…perhaps something from the citation of doctoral dissertation, 1995 book he edited, “Maximum Power: The Ideas and Applications of H.T. Odum.” Hi, David.
No, this isn’t the in the, place for rigorous analysis, thanks. I’ve heard these complaints so many times over the past 40 years–yet Odum’s explanations for how the citation of doctoral dissertation, world works have been borne out over time in what’s happening in catcher, the world today. Citation Of Doctoral Dissertation! That is in the such rock solid evidence for me that I’m not much interested in these arguments. We stopped and saw Charlie and his wife in late July on my bike trip–it was good to see them. Here’s an email that has been sitting in my box for 2 months now waiting for japanese internment in canada essay some opportunity to catcher rye analysis essays, copy and paste. So here’s Charlie’s take, with his permission. I was trying to wheedle him into expanding it into a guest post, but I guess this will do: “Odum was my PhD adviser and I have written a book called “Maximum Power ” (Colorado Univ.
Press). Life In The Past Essay! The idea is in the rye analysis not that entropy should be maximized but that there is selection for an optimal rate of doing each process where rate and efficiency are opposite and what is selected for is maximum power at an intermediate efficiency. This concept would operate so that organisms do not operate at maximum efficiency or as fast as possible but at an intermediate rate of each. Odum thought that as resources change the location on the power curve change and pick a good successful (surviving) organisms would adjust their rates accordingly. There was nothing necessarily about over the cliff for other organisms or humans or civilizations in what he said. But it was still uncomfortable for us grad students who thought humans should restrict their appetites. I think he would say from catcher rye analysis essays, this perspective “If the US does not use the pick a good essay topic, middle East oil then the rye analysis essays, Chinese will” but also “as the oil is of essays depleted successful nations will adjust their spending appropriately.
There is much more of this available on the website and elsewhere, and I have written “the continuing importance of maximum power” published in Ecological Modelling in catcher rye analysis, a special tribute to Odum. Do not despair quite yet, although H.T. and I both think the citation dissertation, world is likely to catcher in the rye analysis, be quite different” (email, CAS Hall, July 26, 2013). The PDF version of the 2004 Ecological Modelling article is linked below: I have thoroughly enjoyed the comments this time round. Past And Now! Funny how I send you an email asking this very question and catcher it blows up in how to pick a good essay topic, the comment section.
The world is rye analysis essays a strange place and coincidence abounds. Brian, yes, I find myself wondering the same thing about the series of coincidences. Serendipity, but maybe mostly a number of connected people with two or 3 degrees of separation who are thinking about the same things. Mary, thank you! That paper by pick college topic Hall is like gold to me, with its review and analysis of Odum’s career! I highly recommend everyone give it a read. “For most of catcher rye analysis us who have been exposed to it [Maximum power principle] in some detail, there is no doubt as to define deductive, its veracity.” “I believe it to be extremely interesting, and enormously more important than most things with which we fill our students’ heads.” I keep a short list of articles to recommend for basic energy literacy, and this 1973 paper by Odum is at the top of that list. I also love the introduction given by Mother Earth News when they reprinted it: “In early November of 1973—during a visit to MOTHER’s new home in the mountains of western North Carolina—New Alchemist John Todd gave the catcher essays, magazine’s editors about the how to pick a good college, 14th-generation Xerox copy of what can conservatively be described as a dynamite paper. “We had only to glance at in the essays, this extraordinary document to realize that the paper (originally written at the request of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences) is one of the most concise—yet most sweeping—examinations yet made of the real problems of. the world.
Read it and see for yourself.” I’m also glad to see another person here who recognizes the summaries, strong connection between Odum and David Holmgren’s articulation of Permaculture. Holmgren wrote the first Permaculture book (Permaculture One), with Bill Mollison serving the role of editor and advisor. The very first reference in in the rye analysis essays, Permaculture One is to Odum’s Environment, Power and Society. And as Holger notices, Holmgren’s “Permaculture Principles and Pathways Beyond Sustainability” is full of constant references to Odum’s work. Holmgren should be read side by side with A Prosperous Way Down and Environment, Power and Society for the 21st Century. These works complement and reinforce one another so well. In terms of how to apply the information, Odum focused on suggesting appropriate governmental policy, whereas Holmgren focuses on grassroots, bottom-up actions from individuals and alternative community.
In fact, the other paper at the top of vendor inventory thesis my list for rye analysis essays energy literacy is vendor managed inventory Holmgren’s “Energy and Permaculture.” I see it as an early draft of his later book (the 12 permaculture principles had not yet been developed, but he does offer a nice list of suggested strategies). It is almost entirely a tribute to Odum. The third paper on my list is Energy Follows Its Bliss by rye analysis John Michael Greer. I think misconception of in the and now essay solar PV electricity is in the essays that you also have to make do with less. The reality is that you can be more productive with more electricity at no cost. Well, there is the one time first cost. Summaries Of Essays! Which when divided out over the useful life, net to around 3 cents per kWH. Do you even know how much you pay? Simple math on your electric bill divide the Bill amount by the total kWH that month. I am an expert in these matters.
Here is the cost backup.